In Africa, population is increasing so rapidly, it is forcing more people to live an unsafe life due to the unsanitary waters, such as the Nile River that surrounds them, affecting their education, health, and poverty. Charity: Water and UNICEF are two organizations trying to find a solution to this issue by eliminating and decreasing the amount of unsanitary water infecting the African people today. Water pollution today infects thousands of Africans, inducing life-threatening illnesses that could eventually lead them to their death. Africa is the second-largest continent in the world, with the largest in population. Africa contains 20% of the world's total land area.
The effects of water shortages being felt here. The country feels its worst drought in its history, and will have a negative impact on the food and the economy, except for their personal lives Approximately 348 million people face serious economic water deficiency. They live in countries where potential water resources are sufficient to meet the reasonable water needs to 2025, but they should undertake massive improvement of water supply projects, at huge cost and probably serious harm to environment, to reach this purpose. The Middle East is forbidden approximately 5% the population in the world. However, it has only 1% freshwater resources in the world.
Recent climate changes have affected the Pangani River basin negatively, causing the nearby water source in the basin to become scarce. With the competition for water in the area, the nation is prone to conflict and violence. Since the problem in Tanzania is an equal combination of a declining economy, unfair distribution methods in society, and sudden climate changes, it is important to effectively control and distribute the resources among the people. The Pangani Basin Water Board believes that the main cause of this problem is the lack of water management and proper governing in the area. As a representative of the water board, it is important to “ensure that water resources are managed sustainably, through water governance and integrated water resources management principles” (Pangani Basin Water Board).
Despite its importance water remains a scarce resource in many regions of the world and there are many factors that contribute to its scarcity and these include but not limited to climate change, pollution and inadequate infrastructure to supply water. Climate change is altering patterns of weather and water around the world, causing shortages and droughts in some areas, and floods in others. Many of the most profound and immediate impacts of climate change will relate to water. Although clean water is essential for survival, there is growing lack of it. Changing climate is one of the causes of the water crises that are now faced worldwide.
The arid climate even aggravates the situation. Therefore, it seems important to analyze the situation in the region and find solutions to the issue. Obviously, the negative impact of the lack of water is unbearable. Water scarcity already has an impact on every continent. Based on Human Development Report in 2006, nearly 1.6 billion people, face an economic water shortage, a situation when a country misses the infrastructure needed to extract water from rivers and ponds.
But has it ever come to your mind that what is happening to people on the hellish part on earth with inadequate access to water? Have you ever wondered how hard did they struggle in order to sustain their lives? Kenya, a country located on the eastern coast of Africa is currently facing a critical water crisis. For years, water paucity has been a huge issue in Kenya because of persisting droughts, weak management of water supply, and increased demand of water due to the rapid population growth. Most of the downtown poor Kenyans only have contaminated water accessible to them.
According to CQ Researcher’s Cooper “More than a billion people around the world lack access to safe drinking water and their numbers are growing”(Water Shortage). Is it fair that so many people must go without water while thousands of gallons are wasted here in the United States? Cooper in addition commented that “unlike the vast majority of natural resources water often is seen as a free commodity like the air we breathe” (Water Shortage). Without seeing water as something worth conserving, we literally pour away our most valuable resource. We can not afford this; water shortages already ravage the majority of the world: “If per-capita water consumption continues to rise at current rates, humans will take more than 90 percent of all available fresh water by 2025, leaving only 10 percent of the earth’s fresh water for all animals and plants on the planet” (Cooper, Water Shortage).
As a result of this dependency, natural disasters, droughts and wars can displace subsistence farmer from their land resulting in poverty becoming even more prevalent and harder to come back from. Also with a history of dependency on farming there tends to be the trend of education not being a primary focus for the youth which is another factor into the stagnant poverty trend in Central Africa. Some of the prominent states that are consumed with poverty are Rwanda, Chad, and Democratic Republic of Congo. Rwanda is a landlocked, resource-poor country. The population is about 9.7 million, and 87 per cent of Rwandans live in rural areas.
The consequences of lack of fresh water for consumption are far reaching. For instance, there would be increased cases of waterborne diseases, decreased economic output, reduced agricultural productivity ... ... middle of paper ... ...A Guide to the World's Fresh Water Resources. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993. 3. Print.
This water is not enough even to meet daily needs of mankind. According to World Health Organization, “a lack of water to meet daily needs is a reality today for one in three people around the world.” (2009) In the Middle East the situation is especially hard. This region is thought to be one of the droughtiest places in the world, most of it’s territory is deserted. Freshwater accounts to 1 percent of the world’s supplies, while the population comes to 5 percent. (Baroudy 2005, 15) And this problem seems to become worse day after day.