Presuppositional Apologetics: The Moral Argument for the Existence of God

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A Christian apologetic method is a verbal defense of the biblical worldview. A proof is giving a reason for why we believe. This paper will address the philosophical question of God’s existence from the moral argument. The presuppositional apologetic method of Reformed thinkers Cornelius Van Til and John Frame will be the framework. Topics covered here could undoubtedly be developed in more depth, but that would be getting ahead, here is the big picture.

Apologetics comes from the Greek word, ‘apologia’ meaning verbal defense. The Greek word is used in the verse, “Always be prepared to give an answer” (1 Peter 3:15) and in the negative, “men are without excuse” (Romans 1:20). In Reformed terms, stated by Frame, it can be defined as, “the application of Scripture to unbelief.” An apologist needs a good attitude to start. The Golden Rule, “treat people the same way you want them to treat you,” (Matthew 7:12 NASB), “speak the truth in love,” (Eph.4:15) and use “gentleness and respect” (1 Peter 3:15) are a few biblical guides. An excellent example is when Jesus encountered the woman at the well. He did not care about the external factors: he was a man; she was a woman, he was a Jew; she was a Samaritan. She was living in sin; He was sinless. Instead he spoke gently to her, offering her hope of living water and eternal life. Then when she had a question about worship he answered her directly, “God is Spirit, and those who worship him must worship in spirit and in truth” (John 4:24). Jesus showed her value, love, gentleness, kindness and truth. It is the goal of a Christian apologist to do the same.

The definition of presupposition is a belief that takes precedence over other beliefs. In the presuppositi...

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Van Til, Cornelius., Jerusalem and Athens . E. R. Greehan, editor. Phillipsburg, New Jersey: P&R Publishing Co., 1980: pp. 3-21.

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