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Positive Benefits Of Bitter Gourd

explanatory Essay
784 words
784 words
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Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia as botanical name in the family of Cucurbitaceae) is a widely popular vegetable grown extensively in several parts of India and in countries like Africa, China, Caribean and Southeast asian regions(Cefalu et al,2008) and (Cousens, 2008).Bitter gourd is a herbaceous climbing annual with ridged stems that grows up to 5 metre long. The plant usually grows on trellis 180 cm in height and has a hairy stem with numerous branches and dense foliage. The main varieties of bitter gourd grown in India are Arka Harit, Priyanka, Pusa Do Mausmi, VK-1-Priya, Phule Green Gold, Priya, Preethi, Coimbatore Long, Phule Ujawala, Phule Priyanka and Pride of Gujarat. Priyanka is the widely cultivated variety in South Kerala (Balachandran, …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that bitter gourd is a herbaceous climbing annual with ridged stems that grows up to 5 metre long.
  • Explains that bitter gourd leaves contain many bioactive constituents full of medicinal properties, such as vitamin a, b, c, e and k, carbohydrates, phosphorus, ca, fe, mg, and na.
  • Explains that most plant diseases are caused by fungi, bacteria, and viruses. fungi are identified from their morphology, with emphasis placed on their reproductive structures.
  • Explains that there are various types of diseases which affect the stem and leaves of bitter gourd plant. collar rot, fusarium wilt, anthracnose, mosaic, and alternaria blight are affecting the leaves.
  • Explains that in collar rot disease dark brown water soaked lesions and girdling at the base of stems occur with advanced infections. affected plants can be easily uprooted but the lower part of the root usually remains in soil.
  • Explains that powdery mildew disease appears as white to dirty gray spots or patches on leaves, which become yellow and later fall down. water soaked lesion appears on under surface of leaf lamina.

Bitter gourd is a good source of vitamin A, B, C, E and K, carbohydrates, phosphorus, Ca, Fe, Mg and Na (Abascal et al, 2005). Bitter gourd fruit and leaves are being studied for their hypoglycaemic, blood sugar lowering properties and ability to treat diabetes mellitus. The caloric value for leaves, fruit and seed were 213.26, 241.66 and 176.61 Kcal/100g respectively (Baby joseph et al, 2013). An extract of the leaves has anti-viral, anti-microbial and anti-bacterial properties and also used in treating various diseases. The leaves are used for treatment of wide variety of ailments such as diabetes, dysentery, rheumatism and gout, viral diseases, respiratory ailments and effective for HIV Infection (Alis et al, 1988). There are various uses for bitter gourd plant. Fruits are used as vegetables, juice, pickles and creams. Leaves are used for herbal tea. Flowers are processed and marketed in cubes, flakes, strips, granules and powder …show more content…

This fungal growth appears on the leaf surface, generally on upper surface but sometimes also on lower surface and on stem is shown in fig 1.1(c). The affected leaves become yellow and later fall down. Powdery coating covers entire vine plant parts and causes defoliation. Water soaked lesion appears which shows are the characteristics of downey mildew on under surface of leaf lamina. Angular spots appear on upper surface similar to water soaked lesion (Tripathi, 2011). Lesion appears first on the older crocon leaves and progressively on the younger leaves as shown in Figure 1.1(d). As the lesion expands, they may remain yellow or become dry and brown. Anthracnose disease symptoms is observed on leaves, petioles, stem and fruits. On young fruits numerous water soaked depressed oval spot appears, which coalesce covering large area. Under humid conditions, pink masses of spores can be seen in the center of these spots. Pink gummy exudation may also be seen on lesions due to exudation of spores. Vines have

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