Because the French First Army lacked tanks, General Henry Rawlinson’s British Fourth Army and their artillery were brought into the operation. The original attack date was set for 10 August, but was moved up to 8 August so the Germans would not have time to withdraw their troops from the Marne salient that they had been... ... middle of paper ... ...eparations and German disarmament in the Treaty of Versailles, which would not be signed until many months later. The withdrawing of Germany from the war weakened the Central Powers quite drastically. With this being said, the war was basically over. The Central Powers could not put up a fight without Germany.
Those injustices provided the perfect arena for the National Socialists, or Nazis, to rise to power in Germany, and inevitably started World War II. The process of drafting the Treaty of Versailles had questionable methods which aid in explaining some of the problems it caused. On November 11, 1918, Matthias Erzberger, the Secretary of State for Germany, agreed to an armistice with the Allied Powers to bring an end to World War I (Buchanan 70). Germany signed the cease-fire under the belief that the terms of the peace they agreed to would look similar to then-US President Wilson’s proposed fourteen points (Buchanan 107). Wilson’s plan for the treaty encouraged Europe to abandon the grievances the war brought and did not harshly punish Germany as the defeated nation (Stevenson 194).
Historians argue that this and the international fallout that resulted most notably with the United States were simply too powerful to avoid war at all. The ramification of the Treaty sent the German economy into a severe depression and planted the seeds needed to sprout revenge and uprising such as the world had never seen before. Estimates for the costs of the war for the Allied Powers fluctuated between ten billion and one hundred billion dollars. Ultimately, the Allied Powers settled on the astronomical sum of thirty-three billion dollars which the German government was mandated to pay but simply did not have the funds to do so. In addition to paying reparations, Germany had to severely limit military spending and personnel, relinquish land previously gained in the World War, and was barred from having any air force at all.
Politically, Germany was humiliated and greatly weakened in their say. To decide whether the treaty was unfair and simply based on revenge, one must consider whether or not Germany was souly to blame for the war. If the answer is 'Yes', then it is made far easier to justify a harsh treaty. Germany had been responsible for a great loss of allied life, and also a huge loss in resources. Germany had settled two harsh treaties against France, including one after the Franco-Prussian war; this may make a harsh treaty more justifiable.
Because of the hatred of the Treaty of Versailles it caused World War II. The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty between the allies and the central powers to end World War I. It ended up being a list of four hundred and forty things that Germany had to give up and pay for. It said that Germany had to pay billions of dollars for the war and give up their previously owned land to the allies. It also stated that Germany had to demilitarize and accept the blame for the war.
A few years after war ended, German politicians forcefully signed the Peace Treaties that had a terrible impact on Germany. By signing the Treaty, Germany had agreed to accept its terms. Germany had to loose all its colonies, disarm but most harsh of all it had to pay reparations. The reparation figure was £6600 million- an enormous amount, which the Germans thought, was very unreasonable. Nevertheless they had no choice but to pay it back to the allies.
Though the Treaty of Versailles aimed to create a lasting peace after World War I, in Germany it led to the lack of faith in the government, an economic crisis, and the loss of considerable amounts of land, which in effect directly led to the rise of the fascist Nazi Party. Adolf Hitler was able to rise to power in Germany because he exploited the anger and mistrust that the Germans felt towards their new government for signing the Treaty of Versailles. The German people we... ... middle of paper ... ...tterns of Interaction. Evanston, IL: McDougal Littell, 2005. Print.
It forced the Germans to accept full responsibility for the war and strip themselves of its colonies, coal fields, and the provinces of Alsace and Lorraine. It also made them pay outrageous reparations to the Allies. Nevertheless, on June 28, 1919, the Germans reluctantly signed the treaty because the Allies refused to change one word. Out of the $33 billion dollars the Germans had to pay for damages, the country was only able to pay $4.5 billion of it. The terms of the Treaty of Versailles helped set the stage for another world war less than 20 years later because the Allied wanted to stop Germany from ever becoming imperialistic again and still have them pay the war reparations.
The Treaty of Versailles was conceived (2). This treaty demanded Germany to pay large reparations to the victors of this war as well as give up their territory and become a republic. These demands became an irritation to Germans that they would eventually scratch in the next world war thanks to the leadership of a very disgruntled Adolf Hitler. Many casualties were suffered during World War One; more than 262,000 Americans were dead, missing or wounded.
The treaty of Versailles was one of the largest factors in causing the Second World War because it sparked so much German hatred. Adolf Hitler had strong beliefs that theTreaty of Versailles was unjust and had to be abolished. The Wall Street Crash in 1929 was the start of a huge economic depression. The American stock market collapsed taking the rest of the world with it. Before this, the Weimar government in Germany had solved it's financial problems by borrowing huge ammounts of money from the USA, but after the Wall street Crash the USA not only stopped lending Germany money, it demanded that all the loans were payed back!