Parental Responsibility Laws and Juvenile Justice

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Some parental responsibility laws hold parents legally accountable for allowing their children to engage in conduct that would not be illegal if done by an adult, such as truancy or breaking curfew laws (Shubik & Kendall, p. 385)Truancy and curfew violations are considered “status crimes,” because they penalize conduct that is only illegal based on the status “age” of the person engaged in the conduct. The U.S. Supreme Court has upheld the power of states to monitor school attendance. Courts have also upheld parental responsibility under curfew laws applied to minors, based on the vulnerability of children and the public interest in protecting their welfare (Shubik & Kendall, p. 386). Parental responsibility statutes punish parents for the acts of their children, and ultimately punish them for either their negligence or ignorance. Parental responsibility laws make parents criminally liable because they have not fulfilled their parental duty to keep their kids from breaking the law. When juveniles are placed on probation parents have a duty to corporate with juvenile justice officials (Cook & Gordon, p. 205). If parents fail to enforce the conditions of their children’s probation, and if they fail to meet their parental obligation associated with the probation, they can face criminal consequences (Cook & Gordon, p. 209). Several states impose criminal liability on parents who allow their children to engage in delinquent behavior. Penalties may increase with repeat offenses and can even result in charges for negligent parenting. Punishment varies from state to state, but state and local parental responsibility laws often carry the sanction of punitive and educational. In jurisdictions that enforce parental responsibility laws,... ... middle of paper ... .... Youth violence and juvenile justice , 128-155. Shubik, C., & Kendall, J. (2007). Rethinking Juvenile Status Offense Laws:Considerations For Congressional Review of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act. Family Court Review, 348-398. Stevenson, C. S., Larson, C. S., Carter, l. S., Gomby, D. S., Terman, D. L., & Behrman, R. E. (1996). The Juvenile Court: Analysis and Recommendations. The Juvenile Court, 1-25. Vincent, G. M., Paiva-Salisbur, L. M., Cook, N. E., Guy, L. S., & Rachael T. Perrault, R. T. (2012, March). IMPACT OF RISK/NEEDS ASSESSMENT ON JUVENILE PROBATION OFFICERS' DECISION MAKING: Importance of Implementation. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 1-29. Wolcott, D. (2003, January 4). Juvenile Justice before Juvenile: Court,Cops,Courts,and Kids inTurn-of-the-CenturyDetroit. Social Science History, 27(1), 109-136.
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