One of the main reasons why many prisons have become overcrowded is because of states’ harsh criminal laws and parole practices (Cohen). “One in every 100 American adults is behind bars, the highest incarceration rate in the world” (Cohen). The amount of inmates in corrections systems, throughout the nation, sky-rocketed to 708 percent between 1972 and 2008. Today, there are about 145,000 inmates occupying areas only designed for 80,000 (Posner). Peter Mosko, “an assistant professor of Law, Police Science and Criminal Justice at New York’s John Jay College of Criminal Justice” (Frazier) stated, “America, with 2.3 million people behind bars, has more prisoners than soldiers” (Frazier).
Certain prison conditions such as un-sanitary areas, poor hygiene by inmates, and sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV make doing time in a prison very difficult and dangerous. Some people believe these conditions will help deter prisoners from reoffending, while others believe it is inhumane. One factor that adds to the brutality of the situation is overcrowding and how it has an effect on not only the staff, but the prisoners as well. Overcrowding is a major issue in the United Kingdom and Whales. According to One in Four Prisoners in Overcrowded Cells (2013), the Howard League for Penal Reform claims that an extremely large number of prisoners are affected by overcrowding.
Rehabilitation prepares inmates that are within a few years of release to integrate back into society. It should be required in prisons to have rehabilitative programs. They are indispensable for the inmates’ health, and it gives the occupants of prison a chance to change for the better. There is an understanding that it will not work right away or for some, however giving inmates programs to help fight their drug and alcohol addiction will have higher chances of not returning to prison for those reasons. The education such as a GED will help inmates get jobs as more places that hire require such.
For example, if an individual committed an offense while under the influence of drugs, enrolling that individual in a drug rehabilitation programme can reduce that individual's chances of re-offending. Same applies for violence and abuse. These programmes, coupled with skills training, counselling, group therapy and access to education, can significantly add to the rehabilitation process and prepare an inmate for reintegration into society. Also the justice system should invest in alternative sentencing, particularly for first time offenders. This is so because an individual can make a mistake and find themselves before the law, and
Effective Management Practices in Overcrowded Jails The United States at present has the highest incarceration rate that costs taxpayers millions of dollars and continually has our county jails operating over their rated capacities. (Hess 2008). A significant number of the jails in the United States are overcrowded, and this has been a management issue which has been in existence for years. Jail overcrowding has become one of the major financial and controversial problem in the United States. The jail population is increasing rapidly, which has caused a lot of tension on the management team to be able to perform their duties efficiently and has raised a lot question by The increase population of inmates in many county jails has raised a lot
Crime: The Price We Pay Today American correction facilities experience a crisis of epic proportions. United States prisons and jails house inmates in record numbers with no relief. This situation leads many to suggest that overcrowding in prisons constitutes an important issue facing American correction reform today. One way to deal with overcrowded prisons is to enforce the death penalty. According to David Davis, infliction of the death penalty for certain secular crimes, such as murder and robbery, associates historically with the rise of the modern state (23).
The goal here it prevent the blooming of a possible juvenile delinquent into a convicted criminal it before it even starts. So using the tax money that would 've been used on a low level convict who got busted for marijuana lets say, would be used to help prevent future convict to begin with. Not only school programs, but even things that would help improve communities such as parks, job creations, etc. All these things could also help prevent future prisoners because parks are used for activity for children to gather and socialize instead of getting to criminal mischief and job creations are used to prevent being in poverty which is retrospect is one of the main reason people end up in criminal activity. So all in all as you can see, there would be so much benefits in using tax money from a low level convict to the future of our
In this paper I will discuss some issues with today’s current prison system and how specifically, overcrowding can have a large negative impact. According to the Federal Bureau of Prisons (2015), there are 208,860 federal inmates and 102 federal prisons. The prisons are 40% over capacity on average. With these large number of inmates,
After incarceration many convicted felons face overwhelming challenges. It disallows you from certain jobs, and housing. An article I read “Life After Prison: Ex-offenders Face Many Challenges When Reentering Society” did research on an Alabama state correctional prison system. This prison was overcrowded as well. There was 25,000 inmates.
More than “2.3 million people in 1,719 state prisons, 102 federal prisons, 942 juvenile correctional facilities, 3,283 local jails, and 70 in Indian Country jails as well as in military prisons, immigration detention facilities, civil commitment centers, and prisons in the U.S territories” (Rabuy and Wagner, 2016). Rabuy and Wagner (2016) also found that 3.8 million people are on probation and 820,000 are on parole. As the incarceration number continues to grow, so do the problems within the correctional facility. One of the biggest problems the correctional system is facing today is overcrowded jails and prisons. An overcrowded facility is the start to a domino effect of problems.