There have been instances of repeat offenders always serving time for similar, related, or different crimes. Judgment on repeat offenders is a bit harsh than first time offenders and most of the former group end up serving time if caught and charged again or if they possess a record with the criminal justice system- it is pure psychology and matter of perception. Also, even when the judgment is not harsh as such, some offenders are just not willing to rehabilitate and change, or may end up finding themselves going back to criminal ways in the near future. Their frequent incarceration, even for smaller periods than capital criminals, increases the number of prisoners significantly. For instance, a capital offender may be sentenced or ten years at the same time as ten other petty offenders who are to serve for a year.
Overcrowding tends to be a result of several things, but one of the main ones is recidivism. Recidivism is the act of committing a crime again, after being released from jail. There are two ways I believe overcrowding can be solved. Number one: build more prisons. But why should we, as a society, pay more money for more people to be criminals?
It is important that law reforms do not only address criminal act but rather look into the matter of incarceration and issues associated with it with urgency as to reduce the number of incarceration rate. Tough on crime policies over the past has sent a lot of people in jail, some harsh policies have been enacted in state and federal legislature which have led to longer sentences, and three strike laws which put people in prison three times regardless of how small of the offense. Judges should lessen the number of penalties imposed on offenders for non-violent crimes. Inmates population can be reduced by reforming sentencing laws ( O ' Hear 2016). The court should find other ways of keeping them in the society, sentencing like probation, and other correctional programs can help reintegrate offenders back into the society, reduce incarceration rate and as well reduce the pressure the correction board has to go through managing crowded jails.
Crime is very predominant which means officers have many cases and offenders they must supervise. One can imagine how difficult it must be to keep an eye on one offender let alone 70 of them, which on average PO’s can have up to that many cases. As a result of this, Probation and Parole officers have been encouraged to get “tougher” on offenders in order to scare and hinder them from violation the rules of Probation. They believed this method to be less time consuming, as they would not have to heavily supervise each individual offender. This method however has proven to be ineffective at reducing recidivism (Gleicher, 2013).
These seem like cut and dry functions, but as of late some believe that prisons in the United States have failed in their attempts to separate and rehabilitate. Not only do prisons separate the criminals from the innocent, to be effective, according to Lappin and Greene, they must also separate the criminals from the worse criminals. Convicts in prison for non-violent offenses are not supposed to be housed with violent offenders. “Unfortunately, our prisons are becoming more and more overcrowded maki... ... middle of paper ... ... abuse offender policy options. (The field works.).
Prisoners who have committed the same exact crimes do not always get the same time serve. Prisoners get humiliated besides being punished. When these prisoners are released, they must rebuild their self-esteem and families. Plus, if imprisonment was meant to be a deterrent against crime, why are there so many other criminals ready to take over for the criminal who is incarcerated.
They hide their feelings because it is difficult for them to trust other inmates. Everyone who is still smart, will be ever vigilant in their efforts to keep themselves from getting harmed. What most if not all people fail to put into though is that many of the prisoners who are presently incarcerated have experienced some sort of childhood trauma. That is actually a very bad thing to have added into prison culture, such as being harsh, punitive, and having an uncaring environment may cause traumatizing flashbacks, which will entail in some sort of violence. That is, some prisoners find that constant exposure to the stringent and uncompromi... ... middle of paper ... ...his ordeal, you slowly start to lose the will to live because you no longer have anything to live for.
... ... middle of paper ... ...o increase sentences for those people who are found to commit the worst of crimes. Serial killers, Ian Brady, Rose West and Peter Tobin will all die in prison because of the terrible crimes they committed. If punishment was automatic, they may now have served their sentence and would be out of prison. In conclusion, while I accept the need for flexibility in the justice system to take account of circumstances, such as the motivation of the person in question, I believe that the justice system today is not working. There are too many examples of crimes that are not properly punished, while at the same time, we continue to see prisons filling up with petty criminals who would be better punished by carrying out services to the community.
Also, they make up a subculture because they have the least amount of power in the prison. 2B) The prisoners make up a subculture. A subculture is a group within a larger culture that usually has interest and beliefs that counter and don’t match those of the larger dominant culture. 2C) In prison t... ... middle of paper ... ...A politician's word, so young fellas like yourself can wear a suit and a tie, and have a job…” this showed how we like to think throwing people into prison is “fixing” the person and once they serve their long sentence magically they will rejoin as a normal fixed before when in reality we don’t do anything to help them. Even once prisoners are released they are not treated “normal”.
The tough on crime just doesn’t work. Rehabilitation is necessary in prisons because the cruel and harsh treatment becomes a drain on inmate’s mental health. They should be punished for their crime, but not in an inhumane manner. Prisons need rehabilitation because it is an important aspect, the programs help many inmates to get help with their addiction, and receive