In 2007 88% of the prison population was due to substance abuse problems and addictions. The other small percent is due to conscious crime and violence. If the issue is narrowed down to this then there is some think to fix. If we break down the cost of prisons due to addiction rehabs and half-way housing and the amount of time prisoners spend in prison compared to the time spent getting help, I think there is a more effective and productive way to solve this issue. The other issue about this topic is these prisoners’ real criminals.
Home Confinement is the Solution to Prison Overcrowding Prison overcrowding is one of the largest problems facing the American criminal justice system today. Many people may think this issue does not affect them, but the problem becomes important when overcrowding forces prisoners to be granted early release. "In cases of extreme brutality, the sentence served by criminals can be short. Because prison space in the city is tight, each offender can be accommodated only briefly" ("Punishment"). Prison overcrowding causes a controversy of positive and negative views concerning the construction of more prisons.
This is due to prison overcrowding, which is when the number of prisoners exceeds the capacity of the jail they are being held in. In some areas, such as California, this has become a substantial problem. Many jails do not have the resources to provide for additional convicts once they have reached capacity, so they must figure out a way to deal with these excess prisoners, which most of the time includes spending more money. Other times, the prisoner may be released well before their sentence is up. This has raised many conflicts, ones we are still trying to find solutions for.
Every civilization in history has had rules, and citizens who break them. To this day governments struggle to figure out the best way to deal with their criminals in ways that help both society and those that commit the crimes. Imprisonment has historically been the popular solution. However, there are many instances in which people are sent to prison that would be better served for community service, rehab, or some other form of punishment. Prison affects more than just the prisoner; the families, friends, employers, and communities of the incarcerated also pay a price.
Prison is not a good and enjoyable place to be in a first place however, more people are going to prison. This issue is not only threatening our correctional system, it is also threatening our economy as well. Our criminal justice system has been dealing with this issue in number of ways including, privatization of prison and increasing the uses of paroles and probations. One of the things that I would try to do is to prevent repeat offenders from coming back to prisons. According to (Wikoff, Linhorst & Morani, 2012.
Prisons in the United States seem to cause more problems then assistance in society. The prison systems found here are overcrowded, inefficient, expensive, and can be viewed as ineffective for prisoners living in them. Prisons, which are built for the reason of facilitating the rehabilitation of prisoners, are presently filled with hostility and violence. These facilities are created as a way of trying to control crime. It was thought that by separating criminals form the rest of society, it would protect people from these potentially dangerous criminals, however it is difficult to tell whether this is becoming more of a problem or working towards a solution.
Offenders are receiving longer sentences for their crimes. They are facing harsher penalties for certain kinds of crimes, such as drug charges. Many offenders are forced to spend more time in prison after many states had the Truth in Sentencing Act passed, which requires that offenders serve the majority of their time incarcerated. It is becoming rare for offenders to get the option for parole. Overcrowded prisons are also less likely to help the prisoner to reform.
What Happened to Juvenile Justice? There is a great deal of controversy over the trying and sentencing of juvenile offenders today. Many will argue that because the severity of Juvenile crimes has risen, the severity of its consequences should rise; however, no matter how serious the crime is, juvenile offenders tried as adults receive far worse than they deserve. The majority of Juveniles tried as adults are hardly given any form of human rights. Adult jails are not the environment children should have to experience, especially those sentenced for misdemeanors and nonviolent crimes.
... ... middle of paper ... ...o increase sentences for those people who are found to commit the worst of crimes. Serial killers, Ian Brady, Rose West and Peter Tobin will all die in prison because of the terrible crimes they committed. If punishment was automatic, they may now have served their sentence and would be out of prison. In conclusion, while I accept the need for flexibility in the justice system to take account of circumstances, such as the motivation of the person in question, I believe that the justice system today is not working. There are too many examples of crimes that are not properly punished, while at the same time, we continue to see prisons filling up with petty criminals who would be better punished by carrying out services to the community.
Many theories argue the reason of overcrowding and possible solutions. It is not my intention to prove why the Bureau of Prisons (BOP) and jails like Metropolitan Dentation Center (MDC) are overcrowded, but rather how the over populated facilities affect inmates, corrections officers, and the taxpayer. In New Mexico there is currently a suit known as the McClendon lawsuit. This lawsuit accuses the Bernalillo County Dentition Center, now known as the Metropolitan Dentition Center (MDC), of violations regarding inmate constitutional rights due to conditions of overcrowding and unsafe living conditions. This lawsuit was filed in 1995 and still remains in litigation today.