Jim Crow was a man who created laws, that affected many peoples lives during the 1960s. These laws made it much harder for blacks mainly in the South, but then it started to move upward in the United States. There were many purposes leading to creating these laws. During this era, blacks were excluded from many things and opportunities. These laws made many changes and changed how the things were after these laws were taken away.
Thus, the motives of racial based lynching and the crimes themselves affected people, legislature, and culture in the South for years to come. Part of the aftermath of lynching in the South was the psychological consequences on the rabbles involved. The entire culture of African Americans is marked by lynching because the root reason of why white mobs lynched Southern African Americans was skin pigmentation. This means the blacks were lynched based on ignorant intolerance; however, the supposed basis for the white southerners’ hatred is internalized by every black person in their skin color. In the words of Lee H. Butler, Jr., “Unlike a single traumatic event that has been experienced by one person, lynching is a trauma that has marked an entire culture and several generations because it spanned more than eight decades.” Specifically realizing the psychological effects of lynching on African Americans and those African Americans who have had family members lynched is important.
Even after Brown, the South met the changes with fierce and violent resistance. When CORE started their freedom rides, the activists were brutally beaten time and again by Southern whites opposed to change in their way of life. For many whites these were welcome changes that finally address the issue of racism and civil rights for all, but for the large population in the South the government telling them what to do did not sit well at all. These feelings of unrest caused many reactions from whites and blacks alike, but for whites in America these changes would rest deeply for years to come. Blacks have struggled to gain acceptance since they first were encountered with the injustice and inequality that dwelled in our country.
The 1960s was a very turbulent time in American history. Cities across the country saw hundreds of incidents of racial violence. Various federal and state commissions were assembled to investigate the causes of these riots. Each individual riot had its own specific immediate precipitating incidents--"among them the Chicago riots of 1965 which erupted after a Negro woman was accidentally killed by a fire engine and the Daytona riots of 1966, which broke out after a Negro man was deliberately gunned down from a passing car" (Fogelson 217). Although race riots did occur, in part, because of the incidents, these were not the true causes.
BBC News in Ferguson states, “thousands of people also protested in other US cities, from Los Angeles to New York” (BBC News). Unfortunately, countless people get killed or greatly injured during these riots. Riots are utilized in a negative manner. In fact, an abundance of riots derive from situations between the police and young, intercity black males. According to Jake Halpern: “During the past year, a series of police killings of African-Americans across the country has inspired grief, outrage, protest, and acrimonious debate.
The riots made negative racial feelings even more intense. The south had de jure segregation - laws- but the north adopted a de facto opinion of Jim Crow. The mid 60’s was the era when there was an outburst of riots. In the summer of 1964, Blacks rioted in Harlem, Rochester and Philadelphia. They attacked both police and property.
Because of the laws put in place for the areas in which they may live, people were living on top of people. HIV and AIDS were rampant during this time and still very much are. The situations for the blacks where just not good. Around the 1950’s, protests started against this awful system. Civil disobedience was a common recurrence and sometimes they resulted in terrible violence from police.
The Jim Crow era was a racial status system used primarily in the south between the years of 1877 and the mid 1960’s. Jim Crow was a series of anti-black rules and conditions that were never right. The social conditions and legal discrimination of the Jim Crow era denied African Americans democratic rights and freedoms frequently. There were numerous ways in which African Americans were denied social and political equality under Jim Crow. Along with that, lynching occurred quite frequently, thousands being done over the era.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated on the evening of April 4, 1968 while exiting his hotel room. The news of King’s assassination left the African-American community shocked, disappointed and outraged. The assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. triggered various responses from the black and white communities. The black community’s main response was widespread violence throughout the United States, resulting in demises and military involvement, while a few decided to hold peaceful protests in King’s memory. Many in the white community celebrated, while others feared for their lives.
These words do not even compare to the hatred of the Ku Klux Klan. Klan members would often resort to vigilantism and violence to rid African Americans of their society. For many years this organization instilled fear among African Americans in the United States. Still after reconstruction efforts and the civil rights era the Ku Klux Klan continues to be an immoral issue and a problem in modern day America. The Ku Klux Klan, commonly referred to as the KKK or simply the Klan, dates back to the immediate days after the civil war according to Carnes Nightriding with the Klan (103).