Orangeburg Massacre Essay

1684 Words7 Pages
On February 8th, 1968, shots were fired on a crowd of civil rights protesters and that day became known as one of the saddest days in South Carolina history. Many problems occurred in South Carolina, mostly between blacks and whites over issues about civil rights and segregation. These issues in South Carolina lasted many years and led to many events, protests, and even massacres that all resulted in sometimes very horrible outcomes but also bringing South Carolina one step further to getting rid of segregation. One horrible event that took place in the late 60’s was the Orangeburg Massacre that resulted in a few deaths and some injuries but also furthered integration in Orangeburg. In 1968, due to the conflict between civil rights protestors…show more content…
Although the massacre took place in 1968, many events relating back to segregation and civil rights took place prior to the Massacre that could have influenced the event to happen. There were problems all throughout South Carolina for many years but in Orangeburg “during the 1950’s and 1960’s it was a center for racial disturbances”(Pulaski 2). During the time, the population of Orangeburg was majority blacks but what brought about all of these problems was that the county was governed by white officials that did everything they could to maintain power in the community which caused many problems between the two races (Pulaski 2-3). The owner of All Star Bowling Alley, Harry K. Floyd, claims that the bowling alley was exempt from federal law and refused to integrate it (All Star Bowling - Orangeburg). This plays a big role later as the bowling alley was a major location for the massacre. Also during this time there were many other problems all over the southeast that also could have influenced ideas to protest. These events go back to conflicts over segregation and civil rights between whites and blacks so it seems to be a recurring problem in the South and all these protests and problems could have very well influenced the…show more content…
On Wednesday February 7th, the protesters met to plan another protest and they made a list of grievances that they took to city hall (The 1968 Orangeburg). The next day was one that made this massacre known by many, many people. The night of February 8th 1968, protesters met highway patrolmen at South Carolina State University. A protester threw a rock and hit a patrol officer so a patrolmen fired a gun to scare them, then after that the protesters were fired upon leaving three shot and twenty-seven injured (Orangeburg Massacre). After the events, the next day the governor at the time, Robert E. Mcnair, said the massacre was “ ‘one of the saddest days in the history of South Carolina’ “ (Orangeburg
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