Out of an eligible 15,000 Selmans, only 200 were registered to vote. The SNCC worked on cracking literacy tests, protesting poll taxes and staging sit-ins at registration centers in order to get blacks registered to vote. White responses a protest led by the SNCC caused the death of SNCC activist Jimmie Lee Jackson and in turn sparked the call for a protest march to Montgomery. After the first march brutally ended on “Bloody Sunday” as it came to be known, a second march was planned which would be co-led by the SNCC and Martin Luther King’s SCLC. A federal injunction allowed the march to take place without interference from the Alabama government.
Eventually the DCVL asked the Southern Christian Leadership Conference; which was led by Martin Luther King Jr. for help. The SCLC and King brought many civil rights leaders to help with the marches. The SCLC was with majority of protests in the south pertaining to the rights or lack of rights for blacks in the south. On February 18, 1965, C. T. Vivian in protest of the arrest of James Orange led a march to the courthouse in Marion, Alabama. State officials sent orders to block the Courthouse with a line of Alabama state troopers.
I hope someday you’ll join us and the world will be as one.” This quote is by John Lennon. I think it refers to what happened on August 28th 1963, a hot summer day when a quarter of a million people showed up on the steps of the Lincoln memorial. That day was the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, brought together by civil rights groups and religious groups at the time, king gave a speech to try and open the countries eyes about it. Just a year earlier, only 6.7% of African Americans were able to vote in the state of Mississippi. The goal of this event was to shed light on the political and social challenges that these people faced throughout the country.
On May 2, 1963, over six hundred protesters were arrested, and the majority was teenage high schoolers. The next day, the police chief, Bull Conor, ordered his police officers to shoot the protestors with high-powered water hoses ordered their dogs to attack them. By the end of the march, only twenty people reached the City Hall. After the Birmingham demonstrations, the blacks gained support from the people from the North because they witnessed how violent the South was towards the black protestors. The CORE is for the Congress of Racial Equality and started the first series of Freedom Riders in May of 1961.
Late that afternoon they were again stopped on a road by the same Neshoba County deputy sheriff who had arrested them earlier, this time assisted by a party of Ku Klux Klan. They were murdered in cold blood, transported to a dam several miles away and buried with a bulldozer. More than 150 F.B.I. Agent traveled to Mississipp... ... middle of paper ... ... can’t be sure that this happened. Whites and black could not be seen together especially by Klansmen.
Protestors were beaten, sprayed with tear gas, and a few were even shot and killed. As a result of those lost, the bloodiest day of one of the marches is now known as Bloody Sunday. Due to the violence, and the resistance from the police for protection, Dr. King was able to use his relationship with the President, Lyndon Johnson, to request protection for the marchers. President Johnson activated 1900 men of the National Guard to protect the marchers. It was the protection of the National Guard that allowed the 25,000 marchers to gain ground and successfully make their way to the Alabama State Capital.
At Boston University, he met Coretta Scott; they were married in 1953. King's rise to national and international prominence began in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1955. In that year, Rosa Parks, an African American woman, was arrested for refusing to obey a city ordinance that required African Americans to sit or stand at the back of municipal buses. The African American citizens of the city (one of the most thoroughly segregated in the South) organized a bus boycott in protest and asked King to serve as their leader. Thousands boycotted the buses for more than a year, and despite segregationist violence against them, King grounded their protests on his deeply held belief in nonviolence.
There were some state officials, such as Governor Ross Barnett, who tried to defy the ruling of the Supreme Court case decision. When Meredith arrived on the campus of Ole Miss, under protection of federal forces, there was a group of over 2000 students that blocked his way into the school. Riot broke out and two people were killed and many injured and imprisoned. Robert F. Kennedy, in retaliation to the riot, sent federal marshals and National Guardsmen. March on Washington The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, August 28, 1963, more than 200,000 Americ... ... middle of paper ... ...ippi and he was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
The Selma-Montgomery March The Civil Rights Movement began in order to bring equal rights and equal voting rights to black citizens of the US. This was accomplished through persistent demonstrations, one of these being the Selma-Montgomery March. This march, lead by Martin Luther King Jr., targeted at the disenfranchisement of negroes in Alabama due to the literacy tests. Tension from the governor and state troopers of Alabama led the state, and the whole nation, to be caught in the violent chaos caused by protests and riots by marchers. However, this did not prevent the March from Selma to Montgomery to accomplish its goals abolishing the literacy tests and allowing black citizens the right to vote.
Haywood Patterson wrote that as he and the Boys were herded into the Scottsboro courthouse by the National Guard, a horde of white men, women, and children had gathered outside, ready to lynch them. He “heard a thousand times… ‘We are going to kill you niggers!’” (Patterson 21). The atmosphere around the courthouse on the day of the trials was like Barnum and Bailey’s and the Ringling Brother’s... ... middle of paper ... ...case was presented in court. In the seven years of trials, appeals, and retrials, the Scottsboro Boys faced monumental challenges legally. Their trials and retrials were not even remotely close to fair and just.