Operation Desert Storm Phases

explanatory Essay
1587 words
1587 words

Operation Desert Storm
Operation Desert Storm took place between January 16 and February 24, 1991. The operation had four phases: 1) attacks against logistics infrastructure, and military communications systems and government electricity in Iraq; 2) attacks against the Iraq air force in Kuwait territory; 3) attacks targeting the Republican Guard Saddam Hussein, and the rest of enemy weapons; 4) conduct a ground invasion with a Coalition force to expel the invaders from Kuwait (Zarpelão, 2010).
During the first and the second phases, the coalition adopted a strategy used in the Second World War. It attacked Iraq’s infrastructure through use of superior air force power. The focus was the military communications systems and government electricity …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that operation desert storm took place between january 16 and february 24, 1991. it had four phases: 1) attacks against logistics infrastructure, military communications systems, and government electricity in iraq; 2) attacks on the iraq air force in kuwait territory; 3) attacks targeting the republican guard saddam hussein.
  • Explains how the coalition adopted a strategy used in the second world war. it attacked iraq's infrastructure through superior air force power.
  • Explains that the iraq republican guard units were the most loyal units to achieve saddam hussein's desired end state. the coalition of countries had used only the air force to bomb iraq and kuwait.
  • Explains that the fourth and last phase of operation desert storm was a ground invasion by the coalition forces against iraqi forces.
  • Explains that the coalition assigned the vii corps to destroy the iraqi republican guard. the 2nd armored cavalry regiment (acr) was responsible for finding trafficable terrain for the armored vehicles.
  • Explains that the iraqi republican guard during the battle of 73 easting consisted of the tawakalna republic guard, the 12th armored division, and the 26th infantry division.
  • Explains that the 2nd armored cavalry regiment (2nd acr) had an extreme advantage in equipment and the soldiers’ preparation for the battle of 73 easting.
  • Analyzes how the 2nd acr's air support and technologic equipment gave superiority to the iraq republican guard throughout the battle.

The Iraqi leader, Saddam Hussein, believed that maintaining fixed positions against the coalition forces would be a great strategy. The ground invasion by the coalition was a conventional offensive to confront the resistance from Iraqi troops, mainly along borders with Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. Faced with imminent defeat, Saddam Hussein decided to burn approximately 640 Kuwait wells. The goal was to cause the most destruction possible and make the coalition mission more difficult. On 24 February, the Coalition Army infantry attack began with an invasion of soldiers backed by tanks (Zarpelão, 2010). The last phase of the ground offensive culminated with the beginning of the Battle of 73 Easting. The battle showed that even knowing the terrain, the weather, and the number of Iraqi forces, the coalition had equipment and technology superior to be successful in conventional …show more content…

The intensity of the air support and the technologic equipment gave superiority to the 2nd ACR throughout the battle. Due to the intense use of air attacks by the coalition forces throughout the first three phases of the Gulf War, the Iraq Republican Guard was not able to maneuver. They built bunkers to house the armored vehicle positions. Initially, Ghost and Iron Troops made first contact with the Iraqi security elements. Eagle Troop also deployed to an area next to the training location of the Iraq force. The main part of this battle lasted only took about 90 minutes. In the beginning, weather hampered the Coalition’s air support. Seemingly, the Iraqi forces did not believe that the coalition could come from the west because of the bad weather situation. Using thermal sights and GPS, the 2nd ACR used the surprise to defeat the enemy. Technology helped the coalition forces drive its vehicles through the desert and localize the enemy with precision. Consequently, independent of the weather conditions and the terrain, the 2nd ACR had the advantage not only because the surprise and use of technological equipment, but because of the threat from above the IRG felt once the air support became effective during the first phases. As a result, the 2nd ACR lost two M2 Bradley Fighting Vehicles and no tanks. On the other hand, the Iraqi forces lost 57 Tanks, 28 BMPs, 11 MTLBs, 45 trucks, and

Get Access