The American Heart Association reported in the article “Overweight and Obesity” that 23.9 million children between the ages two to nineteen in the United States are overweight or obese. The effects of obesity in children are immediate health problems as well as long term health problems. According to the WebMD article “Children’s Health” states that “children have fewer weight-related health and medical problems than adults. However, overweight children are at high risk of becoming overweight adolescents and adults, placing them at risk of developing chronic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes later in life.” Obesity has negative effects on children, which raises concern, because lon... ... middle of paper ... ...iatrics is a credible source because is an organization made up of 60,000 pediatricians dedicated to the health, safety, and well being of infants, children, and teens. The article explained how children should be allowed no more than one to two hours of media time.
Another factor that influences childhood obesity is heredity. Infants born to overweight mothers are found to be less active than other infants. Parents are the primary contributors of childhood obesity based on statistics, obesity risks, and government plans that show childhood obesity is a dangerous rising problem in the United States. Statistics demonstrate childhood obesity is a rising problem in the United States. “A major example is that there is a prevalence of obesity of children aged to 6 to 11 increases from 6.5% in 1980 to 19.6% in 2009” (CDC Division of Adolescent and School Health).
The 95th percentile identifies children that are very likely to have obesity persist in adulthood, and is associated with elevated blood pressure and lipids in older adolescents, and an increased risk of diseases. The 95th percentile is also a sign that the child needs aggressive treatment (American Obesity Association, 2014). Obesity among children is increasing on a day-to-day basis. Between 5-25 percent of children and teens in the United States are obese: about 15.5 percent of adolescents (age 12-19) and 15.3 percent of children (ages 6-11). Of children, 7 percent were obese from 1976-1980, 11 percent from 1988-1994, and most recently 15.3 percent from 1999-2000.
What is one of the most serious problems for children in North America today? These days, many people suffer from obesity in North America and, it causes problems such as heart disease, diabetes, and early mortality. A lot of people think that obesity is a problem only for adults, but now obesity has become one of the most serious problems for children in North America. Childhood obesity occurs when children are overweight and this is measured by body mass index (BMI). Obese children tend to be unhappy because they often have bad health, bad social relationships, and low self-confidence.
Caused by a complex variety of factors, obesity is a major risk factor for serious health problems, including heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes, and certain forms of cancer Childhood obesity has been rising at the same rate as obesity in adults. It is estimated that approximately 1-25% of children between the ages of 6 to 12 are overweight (Strauss 2845-2848). About 80 percent of overweight teenagers will remain overweight as adults. The increase in adolescent obesity (about 40 percent during the last 15 years) will have serious consequences in the future. Diseases Caused By Obesity: Being overweight predisposes a child to heart disease, gallstones, adult onset diabetes, hypertension, cancer, and full-blown obesity later in life.
Childhood Obesity is now causing doctors to see health problems that usually are not seen until adulthood (Overweight in Children, 7). Children that are obese are more likely to be obese as adults. This obesity issue leads to more risk of adult health issues some of those that may be deadly (Childhood Obesity Facts, 1). Immediate health effects are cardiovascular disease, like high cholesterol or high blood pressure. Long term health effects are heart disease, type 2 diabetes, stroke, or even cancer (Childhood Obesity Facts, 1).
Medical costs for a child diagnosed with obesity are on average three time higher than those who are not overweight or obese. If the government forced better eating choices at school by taking out the vending machines and replaced the bad food with good food, children would adapt and make healthier choices. It is not an excuse to say because children would not like it, it should not be an option. In conclusion, childhood obesity is one of the most ignored problems in the U.S. The number of overweight children and adolescents in America has doubled in the last decade.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and quadrupled in adolescents in the past 30 years" (Childhood Obesity Facts). There are many factors that can result in an increased risk of being overweight. Genetics, lack of physical activity, environment, and, more importantly, an individual's dietary habits are all among factors that can affect a child's risk of obesity. There are many different beliefs in this controversial topic. Some argue that fast food is responsible and that fast food advertisements are targeting children and others argue that fast food restaurants are not responsible what so ever, such as that arguments that it is a child dietary habits surrounding the meals.
Childhood obesity is a difficult problem with our growing children today. Childhood obesity not only affect the child, but it also the people around them. Childhood obesity cause serious health issues, from heart disease to diabetes. According to Farhat (2010), twenty years ago there was just a hand full of children that were overweight, mostly because of a hormonal or genetic disorder. According to the United States Department of Health and Human Services (2013), the number of children aged 6 through11 that were obese, increased from 7 percent in 1980, to nearly 30 percent in 2011.
Furthermore, excessive ingestion of soft drinks has been found to negatively affect the rate of obesity with the odds of becoming obese being 1.6 times higher per every soft drink among children (Ludwig, et al, 2001). While there is popular support for policies such as regulating food advertising to children and implementing nutrition base policies in schools, it is important to consider whether there is any empirical evidence that these policies could be effective at getting the desired outcome. What does the empirical evidence suggest and will be enough to address the issue of childhood obesity. This paper focuses on two different a... ... middle of paper ... ...n in a two advertising policy environments. Obesity, 20, 1829-1837.