Nutrition and Health

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Nutrition is a process that involves the breakdown of food and other substances in the mouth useful in the delivery of body energy. Practicing healthy diet can lead to avoidance of both the known and the unknown health issues. Poor diet is harmful to an individual’s health and cause diseases like kwashiorkor, scurvy, obesity and metabolic syndromes. Popkin (2011) said that “In the last 20–30 years, the world has reduced its water intake, shifted towards sugar-sweetened beverages, increased its proportion of food that is sweetened and ultra processed and reduced its intake of many health components of our diet, including legumes, fruits and vegetables" (p. 83). Different types of foods contain various nutrients that range from fats, carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and water. Insufficient, imbalanced, or excessive consumption of nutrients by an organism leads to malnutrition. Today, the trend of diet and nutrition is changing at an shocking rate. Good choices of foods positively affect an individual’s health while poor diets have long-term negative effects. Healthy diet gives the body sufficient nutrients to perform physically, fight diseases and maintain wellness. Most of the foods, especially in the market today have heavy saturated fats, lot of carbohydrates, partially hydrogenated oils and highly processed foods.
Popkin (2011) said being overweight has serious risks, such as increased possibility of heart diseases, high blood pressure, diabetes and arthritis (p. 84). Although it is important to reach the proper weight for one’s body height and type, loosing of weight can significantly improve one’s health. Healthy weight loss would include a balance of exercise and diet. The solution to helpful weight loss is to burn calorie...

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...r occurs. Also, there are poor strategies associated with weight loss, such as escaping meals or failure to eat, taking diet pills to destroy ones appetite or starvation of diet that may result to weight addition.
Therefore, people should take direction and control the quantity of fat intake by reading labels in foods. Also, they should enrich the diet with vegetables, fruits, fish, nuts, whole grains, lean meat, and low fat dairy to provide their bodies with the required health fats. To improve the overall wellness, they should avoid boredom, frustration, stress, and sedentary lifestyles by increasing the activity level. Taking simple things like walking instead of driving or using stairs instead of elevators can increase weight loss and overall wellness. So from doing all those things person can have healthy lifestyles without having any serious issues in life.
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