Nurture versus Nature

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Nurture versus Nature The human brain is a portion of the central nervous system and serves as the control center for movement, sleep, hunger, and virtually everything else vital and necessary to survive. Not only that, but the brain also controls all human emotions from fear and love, to elation and sorrow. It also receives and interprets countless signals from other parts of the body and the outside environment. Summarily, the brain makes us conscious, emotional, and intelligent. It's no wonder that with everything going on in the brain, so much emphasis is placed on its development. We now know, from scientific research, that the brain grows at a rapid rate within the first years of an infant's life. With this information in mind, one can't help but ask how and when THEIR brain developed and did it eventually lead to the person they are this very day? From birth, nearly every human being brain contains 100 billion neurons and 50 trillion connections. As stated in Begley's "How to Build a Baby's Brain", "The genes the baby carries from the egg and sperm that made him- have already determined the brain's basic wiring." These genes are responsible for breathing, heart rate, and digestive activity. They are the fundamental building blocks of synapses to come. The months subsequent to birth are the most important as to synapse strengthening and growth. It is in these few months that the number of these synapses skyrockets to nearly 1,000 trillion. The only logical explanation for this phenomenon is experience. It is from these experiences that the synapses mature and strengthen. "At 20 months, children of chatty mothers average 131 more words than children of less talkative mothers… the critical factor is the number of ... ... middle of paper ... ...urally taken six. Hence, one can conclude that isolation will inhibit the maturation of an individual within the first six to ten years of life, undoubtedly. The brain serves as the primary operator of the body's functions and behavior. With so much allotted responsibility, it is no small wonder that the development of the brain is so significant. This development of the brain has its peak maturation within the first year of life. Hence, whatever may happen to a child during that first year is absolutely going to leave a lasting imprint on that life. This occurs due to the advance of the synapses within the brain. In conclusion, experience does, in fact, strengthen the formation of the synapses; traumatic events do alter the structure of the brain, and a lack of stimulation or isolation garner harmful effects on physical growth, maturation, and socialization.

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