The Importance And Development Of Brain Development

963 Words4 Pages
Brain Development
Did you know that by age three, a child’s brain is 80% of its adult size? Our brains are important to us because they are an essential part of life. The brain is what tells your body to work, think, and feel. Without a brain, we wouldn’t be alive. Although the brain is an essential part of our life at all ages, the early years of development establish the basic structure and function of the brain. To help understand just how import this time period of life is to our brains, you have to understand the development of the neural pathways, the brain functions of children ages 3-8, the impact of the environment on brain development, and the activities and environments that contribute to the brain development of children.
…show more content…
Brain development undergoes some major changes between the ages of 3 and 8 years old in the prefrontal cortex, cognitive development, gross motor skills, fine motor skills, and perceptual development. The prefrontal cortex is the highest level of the brain and develops very rapidly between the ages 3-6. This plays an important part in attention, memory, and self-regulation. The brain in cognitive development shows rapid increase in memory and learning abilities. The density of synapses peak at age 4. Gross and fine motor skills in the brain show tremendous progress in the early childhood…show more content…
Multiple factors can affect the brain development and health of your child and among these are the environment and activities you can do with children. If a child is brought up in an environment of poverty, they could experience more stress than other children because their needs may not be met of getting food, attention, trust, and socialization needed. In a life of poverty children may be neglected of their basic needs. This can be stressful and too much stress and when a child is stressed, their brain releases cortisol. If there is too much exposure of cortisol to the brain, it could cause developmental and cognitive delays later down the road. For instance, one kindergartener may start school knowing his ABC’s, how to count to 15, and how to write their first name, while the other student who had a completely different environment, may not talk to anyone, not know his colors, numbers, or how to spell his name. It is important to form a bond with your child and understand where they are at developmentally to help and encourage cognitive growth. Some activities you can do with children are talk and explain things, sing songs, identify noises, listen, ask appropriate questions, offer a variety of games, practice shapes and colors, read to them or have them read to you, and have different activities of different subjects like math, music, and science, to mix it up and keep the
Open Document