John Locke and Thomas Hobbes both believe that men are equal in the state of nature, but their individual opinions about equality lead them to propose fundamentally different methods of proper civil governance. Locke argues that the correct form of civil government should be concerned with the common good of the people, and defend the citizenry’s rights to life, health, liberty, and personal possessions. Hobbes argues that the proper form of civil government must have an overarching ruler governing the people in order to avoid the state of war. I agree with Locke’s argument because it is necessary for a civil government to properly care for its citizens, which in turn prevents the state of war from occurring in society. Locke also has a better argument than Hobbes because Hobbes’ belief that it is necessary to have a supreme ruler in order to prevent the state of war in society is inherently flawed.
Governments are supposed to protect and give the people of a nation the rights and justice they deserve with the consent of the governed. If humans are treated fairly and justly then the people will respect the government and not cause chaos. Just societies start from a stable form of government and work their down to the people of society through the laws and regulations set in place by government trying to treat them as fairly and justly as possible. The ancient philosopher Plato was a Greek philosopher who based his ideas on... ... middle of paper ... ... idea, “Voice of the people.” He said humans coming together creates commonwealth secures the liberties for citizens. Just societies start from the people fighting for what they deserve.
Plato felt that government should be run by enlightened philosopher kings, that would rule for the good of the people, and not themselves. We today see the Supreme Court as a collection of the most "enlightened" thinkers of our day. They are chosen to make moral decisions about laws made by others in our society, and decide whether or not the laws we make are in the best interest of our nation as a whole. Plato knew that within any political State their would be corruption, to stop the corruption Plato felt that the philosopher kings would best rule because they would not indulge themselves in a corrupt society. They only believed in the truth, and justice that government is supposed to protect its people with.
Therefore all sovereigns are in a state of war with each other. If a citizen wishes peace he must defend the commonwealth "otherwise the institution of the commonwealth, which they have not the purpose to preserve was in vain" and he says they are all in the State of War. Hobbes also contributed to modern psychology and laid the foundations of modern sociology by applying mechanistic principles in an attempt to explain human motivation and social organization. Hobbes point of view on human nature and how a government should be run is a more realistic way of looking at things than Locke's theory. Hobbes and Locke both agreed that a social contrast was necessary to prevent anarchy and that certain individual s taking advantage of others natural right.
They propose the conception of America using this awareness of which the object was designed instead of seeing one-sided views to our nation. As citizens in a democratic government an understanding of the reasons laws were created help gain knowledge about how society is to proceed. This government protects people from politicians who stand for issues on religion. The Godless Constitution acknowledges the large population of Christians that created our Constitution. It does recognize they held the religious values strong while making the laws that govern our country.
Nevertheless, protecting the rights of the people was the most important concern of America, which affected the choices of the nation. One view Americans had of the Constitution was that it would unify the nation. The Constitution proposed a strong federal government and that these people believed would protect the affairs of the nation, while still granting some power to state government. The people for this option also agreed with the system of government that the Constitution formed, which was a number of branches that used checks and balances to protect the government and the citizen from being controlled by one person. These officials would be “leaders of wisdom, experience, justice, and virtue” and would only be able to serve limited terms.
The Framers secured the blessing of liberty by having individual rights and freedom. Similarly the Constitution has a section on individualism, which is to protect Americans rights, and the government should interfere their rights. Individualism connects to the enlightenment of natural rights by John Locke because he notes, “all people were equal and independent, and none had a right to harm another 's "life, health, liberty, or possessions”(infoplease). The framers and John Locke all believed that people have their own rights and to no interfere other peoples life. They also believe that the government should help the Americans by having a good life, health, and
If the party is not majority than it can be controlled by majority vote. Madison believed that in the government established by the Constitution, political parties were to be tolerated and checked by the government, however the parties were never to control the government. Madison was absolutely convinced that parties were unhealthy to the government, but his basic point was to control parties as to prevent them from being dangerous. Schattschneider's view was different from that of Madison's in that he did not believe that political parties were completely destructive to government and that their effectiveness should be almost completely abolished. He did, however, agree with Madison in the idea that the Constitution tolerated parties but then created a system to absolutely limit their powers.
The government was instituted of God for the benefit of man; and in that, people are held accountable for their acts in relation to them, both forming the laws as well as executing them to keep society good and whole. The government was set up to, create and sustain order as well as keep the American peoples as the number one priority. The number one role of the government is to secure the rights and freedoms of individual citizen. As stated above, the government should keep the American peoples security on top of the list. But I do not believe that engaging in war is the correct way to meeting this criterion.
These differences affect the livelihood and happiness of people. Hobbes wanted a government to prevent chaos and anarchy as he saw all men were selfish after his experience with the Civil War, while Locke wanted a government to protect everyone’s natural rights. Hobbes Monarch with an absolute ruler, Is different than Locke’s idea of a constitutional government. Hobbes absolute ruler theory forced people to behave themselves, and protected them from killing each other, Locke’s constitutional theory protected their lives, their liberty, and their property. These are different because, while Locke agrees with protecting peoples lives such as Hobbes did, he also believed more than just lives should be protected.