Necessity of Affirmative Action

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It is illegal to institute quotas and to fulfill them solely based on the race or gender of the applicant in any affirmative action programs. Employers and schools are required to set goals and time frames, for hiring or recruiting women and minorities to achieve racial diversity. Due to under representation of African Americans, women and minorities, affirmative action was created. It was created to ensure the inclusion of all qualified individuals and to prevent race and gender discrimination. An employer is not required to hire a person who lacks the qualifications needed to perform the job successfully in seeking to achieve its goals, or to choose one less qualified than the other based on race or gender. There are no legal penalties for employers as well as schools if goals are not met, as long as good faith and efforts to achieve them have been made. There is a misconception that some may think, that people of African descent, women and minorities receive preferences on behalf of these policies and that is not true. African Americans, women and minorities are all entitled to receive the opportunities to engage in higher education and occupations that were once denied to them.

"Affirmative action was first established in Executive Order 10925, which was signed by President John F. Kennedy on March 6, 1961 and required government contractors to "not discriminate against any employee or applicant for employment because of race, creed, color, or national origin" as well as to "take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed, and that employees are treated during employment, without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin" (US Equal Employment Opportunity Committee). Lyndon B. Johnson reinstated af...

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... quotas is a necessity in order to include equal opportunity and racial diversity in employment and educational institutions.

Works Cited

Executive Order 10925 - Establishing The President's Committee On Equal Employment Opportunity". U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Retrieved 5/2/2010.

Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Lyndon B. Johnson, 1965. Volume II, entry 301, pp. 635-640. Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office, 1966.

Stolovitch, Dara Z. 2007. Affirmative Advocacy: Race, Class, and Gender in Interest Group Politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

United States Congress Joint Economic Committee. Invest in Women, Invest in America: A Comprehensive Review of Women in the U.S. Economy. Washington, DC, December 2010,p.80.
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