The Aztecs were completely unaware that the Spanish were there to steal riches because the Aztec Empire was at the peak of its rich and glorious culture. They has the 3 G's, also known as God, gold, and glory. The Spanish took all the treasure they could find. They also planned on destroying the Aztec Temples and turning the Indians who worked for the Aztecs into Roman Catholics like themselves. After courteous initial meetings between the Aztecs and the Spanish, the new relationship deteriorated rapidly.
The Spanish conquest of South America can only truly be contributed to blind luck, disease, and help from the indigenous people’s hatred of their masters. Without the help of these, as well as their military weapons and armor, the Spanish might not have been able to conquer both the Aztecs and the Inca. South America would forever be changed with its discovery by the Europeans and the cultures and societies of the Aztecs and the Incas would suffer for it. Cultures that had survived and thrived for hundreds of years and had developed complex social constructs would fall in only a few short years. The Spanish would remove the two hindrances that would stand in their way to the riches of South America resulting in millions of deaths.
The Spanish conquest was closer to a civil war than an actual conquest. Until reading detailed personal accounts of the fighting it is difficult to judge the deadly effectiveness of the Spaniards technological superiority. Without it is difficult to imagine 500 conquistadors holding thousands of native warriors at bay. Once the greed of Cortez and greed in general of the Europeans one understands that if it wasn’t Cortez if would have just been a different man at a different time. Unfortunately fame and prosperity seem to always win over cares about fellow human beings
Considering how advanced and large the Aztec culture and society were makes me believe that they were aware of other people outside of their civilization. A clear example would be that they knew of neighboring tribes other than their own that they went to war with and conquered. Although I do believe that the Aztecs were caught off guard and even amazed when they saw the light skinned Spaniards. I also believe that Cortes wasn’t the first outsider to make contact with the Aztecs but I do believe he was the first light skinned person to make contact with them because of Moctezumas reaction to Cortes description. Hernan Cortes was a Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs with less than 1000 soldiers and a handful of horses.
One, they brought over diseases that neither group was aware of and both couldn’t handle it. Second, they had advanced firearm technology, and third the Aztecs believed that these Spanish were the coming gods that were prophesied to come and end their civilization. Religion played a big role in building up but also breaking down the Aztecs and Incas. The Columbian Exchange helped reshape the Atlantic world. First, diseases the Europeans brought over helped wipe out many of the natives in the new world, which allowed for Europeans to conquer the land easier.
Being as methodical as they were, having an organized leadership kept peace in the city states but didn’t keep peace throughout the other city-states. The rulers were power-hungry and wanted to conquer many city-states to create an empire which caused war. Also, these civilizations were very spiritual throughout their common day lives, but believed in some gods from the underworld that wanted blood through human sacrifice. This was a very violent way of worshiping their gods that they embraced it. Organized leadership existed in each civilization before the Europeans arrived.
The Aztecs even advanced in astronomy, mathematics and natural sciences to better improve their lifestyle. Despite the fact that the Aztecs were a refined civilization with such a vibrant culture, many textbooks recognize them as an indigenous people when spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés first came into the picture. Cortés’ first appearance astonished and shocked the lives of the Aztec people psychologically and externally. Such a culture shock left the Aztecs unsure of how to approach the arrival of the outlandish spaniards, which caused the slow conquest of the Aztec people. After being defeated by the Spaniards, the Aztec culture and language would undergo dramatic changes by also influencing Spanish culture.
These groups occupied the land until their empires fell or the Spanish took over, around 1500s. Life in Latin America prior to the European contact portrayed a duality because the indigenous Americans were knowledgeable and artistic hitherto violent and lacked knowledge in technology. In Latin America, the groups of civilization built temples for their rulers and for human sacrifice. The significance of the temples included more than just religious rituals. One group, the Mayans in particular, built temples, which coordinated with the movement of the sun and stars.
Many people died in honor of their religion but a valid argument is that many more could have died from starvation. The Aztec’s admit they dedicated many of their tribes and prisoner’s lives to pleasing their gods in order to maintain the god’s happiness but there is a possible reality that they were forced to resort to cannibalism. The Spanish invaded the Aztecs territory twice; the first time they failed and the second time they succeeded. When they took control of the Aztec’s they made sure to end all sacrificing to false gods.
Since the gods had sacrificed their blood to bring the world into existence, the Aztecs also offered the blood of humans as a sacrifice to aid in keep... ... middle of paper ... ...li by sacrificing more than twenty-five thousand captives. In short, the Aztec waged war to satisfy their war god.”14 Rather than waging wars primarily for the purpose of expanding and assimilating surrounding cultures, the Aztecs used warfare in the perverted sense of satisfying their lust for bloody sacrifice to instill fear not only in their enemies, but in their own people as well. Through the Aztecs explicit use of human sacrifice quickly progressed from religious worship to political intimidation in their quest for power. Although the original religious goals of the Aztecs was to pay homage to their various deities, the expansion of their political, social and economic power required that they instilled fear into the hearts of the subjugated people in their empire. As a result they deployed sacrifice into all elements cultural practices of their society.