Greater reforms were prevented by the opposition of the upper classes and court. This opposition was so strong that Turgot was forced to resign and was replaced by Jauques Necker. Lengthy wars, the support to the American Revolution and the gross amount of taxes paid and the lavish spending of the court contributed to the huge national debt. The government’s financial problems were made worse after 1740 by the renewal of costly wars (the French revolution, pg. 9).
From 1805 to 1808 Napoleon fought in battles that left only Great Britain out of his control. He began to run into problems trying to capture Great Britain. Trying to destroy the British economy Napoleon put his Continental system into place, which was a plan to cut off British sea trade. The British Navy was superior and Napoleon lost. This is said to be the start of his downfall.
In areas of agriculture, manufacturing, and trade, there were great downturns. Also, revolutionary ideas were instilled within the people during the Enlightenment. Together, the financial condition of the government, the economic depression, and the Enlightenment ideas played a pivotal role in causing the French Revolution. In the late 1800s, the condition of the French government was pitiful, and corruption was everywhere. France was already in great debt after spending large sums of money on soldiers and weapons for the French and Indian war.
The Political Decay of the Roman Republic The fall of the Western Roman Empire was the first example in history on the collapse of a constitutional system which was caused by the internal decay in political, military, economics, and sociological issues. The government was becoming corrupt with bribery. Commanders of the Roman army turned their own army inward towards their own Constitutional systems, fueled by their own ruthless ambition. This paper will talk about how the violence and internal turmoil in 133B.C.-27 B.C. was what provoked the economic stagnation in the city of Rome and to the end of the Republic and the many corrupt politicians and generals who only thought of nothing more than personal gains and glory.
Contributing to the final outcome, many diverse factors played significant parts. The highly conflicted estate system combined with the unfortunate financial outcomes of a weak monarch producing an imbalanced society with constant bickering. As the manufacturing depression compiled with the enlightenment, the revolutionary action was ignited. Finally, when a financial reform did take place, due to the nobility’s refusal to corporate led to an even larger financial disaster. As all of these factors came together, the end-result was The French Revolution.
After the death of his advisor Colbert, King Louis XIV made even more horrible and costly decisions. He further enlarged the military and entered into many wars in which he lost a great deal of her newly acquired territories and increased the national debt even more. In short, the reign of King Louis XIV had a disastrous impact on France. His liberal spending, appointing of easily controlled people to court, revoking the freedom of religion, and poor decision making sparked the economic burdens and resentment of the aristocracy that were major factors in the French Revolution and the eventual downfall of the French monarchy.
Main Causes of the Revolution There are a handful of causes of the French Revolution and they are for the most part caused by the monarchy’s failures. One big cause of the French Revolution was the French involvement in the American Revolution. France’s involvement in the American Revolution pushed the France economy to near bankruptcy. Mistreatment of the peasants by the elites by things such as obscenely high taxes really upset them. The big catalyst that really pushed the lower class over the edge was the crop failure of 1788 which caused starvation and made the economy suffer even more than it already was.
One of the determining factors in the downfall of feudalism was the Hundred Years War. This war was fought because England claimed the king's succession over France. The Hundred Years War was very devastating to the two countries. The war was a sign to people that a monarchy wasn't as great as was expected. Due to France's weak government and England's small armies, the war sent on and on, giving the peasants a great reason to loose respect for the monarchy.
The former came into economic conflict with France, creating hyper-inflation, and throwing Germany into a severe depression. Wheelbarrows of money were necessary to buy loaves of bread until the Deutsche Mark became so devalued that the bills were burned to provide heat to those living in poverty. Following this collapse in German currency, a desperate and vulnerable Germany capitalized on the breakdown of relations between Britain and France and United States isolationism to begin rebuilding. This included rearmament that was in direct violation of the Treaty of Versailles. The dictator behind this proposed revitalization in economic and military strength was Adolf Hitler.
First, the increase of loans and assistance in the American Revolution put the French economy at a low. Installing increased taxation left the peasantry even more impoverished than ever and insulted the nobility, who refused to assist in the debt reduction effort. By implementing a strong bookkeeping and debt management plan, the king could have prevented a terrible financial ruin. In Necker’s interest to sort out financial difficulties, many loans were established, so that when Calonne gained control, there were no available funds to support government interests. Calonne also took out loans, mainly to pay off older debts, but eventually leading to a formidable financial reputation.