They saw the boom was affecting them for the worse... ... middle of paper ... ... machinery in big supermarkets and shops lead to less demand of farm good. Demand was less than supply. Overall, many reasons led to the problems of the farming industry. Not one reason is the most important as they all helped wit the cause, but arguably the loss in European market was pretty high. Without the demand from these European countries, the farmers lost a huge amount of sales.
However, it can be reasonably argued that their call for a violent workers’ revolution was an ill solution to the crisis at that time. A revolution will bring destruction, lack of confidence in leadership, and enforced equality on humans rather than a natural, gradual movement toward reform and prosperity as suggested by other political ideologies of the same time period. Under Feudalism, the majority of the society were poor peasant who were submissive to their masters. These peasants suffered due to bad harvests, high prices, famines, agricultural depression, etc. The kings and the nobility owned everything, and they gave very few (or no) rights to the lower class.
In addition, France experienced bad weather and poor harvests during the year 1788 and, in turn, caused prices and unemployment to rise. This was followed by a harsh winter when many starved and this led to food riots and only increased public dissent towards the crown. The French Revolution was caused by inherent problems within France like the social inequality, inefficient monarchy and the financial crisis and was fueled by the Enlightenment ideas. Perhaps it could have been entirely avoided if the monarchy worked harder to reform the country before it was too late or perhaps this would have just postponed the revolution. Either way, it is undeniable that the French Revolution had far-reaching effects.
The economic situation was only one of the elements that caused the people to question the monarchy in pre-revolutionary France. France was in great debt and almost bankrupt but this did not stop them from fighting wars. The debt -- an economic problem -- turned into a social one, when the peasants were taxed heavily in order to pay for the debt, this caused them to question greatly their position in society and the effectiveness of their monarchy. Drought and other natural disasters ruined crop production, causing food prices to rise dramatically. With taxes rising and prices too, peasants were living in famine and in poor living conditions.
They found it increasingly difficult to agree with one another on how to combat them, let alone be able to compromise on a new form of government. Also if the new widened franchise had not been so inexperienced the revolutionaries would have had an easier time replacing the old regimes, which had in fact not been that strong to start with. The reactionary regimes regained power so quickly because of all of these reasons and although the 1848 Revolutions had emphasised the “ineptitude and impotence”8 of the old sovereigns and governments, they brought with them too many resentments, grudges and radical changes, for which Europe was not yet ready.
The monarchy of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette and their incompetence led to inflated prices, growing population, decreased salaries, and overall a decline in France’s money in general. In addition, Marie Antoinette’s spending on lavish yet unnecessary items set France further into debt. Anger of peasants came about because of France’s social ranks and privileges were quite unfair. For example, the second estate had no taille tax, while the third estate was the largest and possessed the highest taxes. The Enlightenment, the American Revolution of 1775 through 1783, and France’s political, social, and economic state in the years before the outbreaks of revolts, all acted as stimuli to the anger of France’s citizens.
This meant fair representation, but it also meant that the nobles were upset with their decline of power and the commoners wanted more of their new-found power. All of these ideas seem to be good ones, but ones that would, and did harm his position. One evidently bad move was to heavily tax everyone. The peasants were already heavily taxed, so they were then brought to famine, the nobles were never taxed before and consequently disgruntled and the middle class just did not like it. If Louis XVI were alive today he would probably be a good politician-too bad the people were not ready for him in 1789.
Apart from the common impact of the Enlightenment on all of Europe, France further experienced a drastic change in terms of society as well as finance, leading to the mark of a new beginning- The French Revolution. Due to a hierarchical system in France, a vast opposition by the nobility and the commoners grew regarding the old order, which led to take an action against the monarchical regime. As a result of a faster growth in consumer prices over wages, the next scenario was the economic fall of society that included taxes, food shortages and unemployment rates. As the necessity for a rebellion became crucial due to the lack of privilege towards the commoners, with the financial collapse of the French society, coupled with the lasting impact of the philosophes, the main causes of the French Revolution were the unequal hierarchy of the estate system, the growing economic crises, and the ideologies of the Enlightenment. One of the main causes of the Revolution was the issue of the estate system in conflict with the desires of the social groups (i.e.
This act galvanized the other nations of Europe against France, and guaranteed that no matter what improvements might be made later, the resulting nation would never enjoy the cooperation of Europe's other leaders.” There many reasons for this revolution like political and social inequalities, bankruptcy of the government, influence of the enlightment, and the American Revolution. The king only cared about himself and his kind (the royal and rich) whom was not effected by his hasty actions. He also cared about the America’s more than he did his own country which caused them to become involved with the American Revolution and caused more debt that he could not pay, and the government began taxing the “regular” people paying half of its revenues to cover the debts to aristocrats and other lenders. The poor which made up 98% of the population became upset with the monarchy due to the fact they were taxing them instead of the nobles, which they felt was unequal when why are you taxing us and we barely even have enough money for our own living means? This caused them to become frustrated with the king and queen so they took matt... ... middle of paper ... ...ive, and smart, strengthening France before it was brought once again to its knees by Great Britain.
French Absolutism and the French Revolution During the period between 1589 through 1783, the French Monarchy had risen to its height of absolute power and then was destroyed by the French Revolution. The reigns of Henry IV, Louis XIII, Louis XIV, Louis XV, and Louis XVI each contributed to the strengthening of the French Monarchy as well as the destruction. Class struggles were a major problem throughout the reigns of each king. France was broken into three estates that were; the clergy, the nobility, and the common people. They were each striving for more power.