Migration has been a major part of human living and also animals, people migrate for various reasons such as seeking better lives, family, job opportunity, availability of social amenities etc. immigration policies were put in place to monitor and decide who immigrate to a country and these policies have been present since 1906, and these polices have had different reasons for their enactment and these reasons change as time and era changes (Baglay, 2014). The early policies were racially based restriction, economic growth, multiculturalism, restriction on refugee and economic immigration (Baglay, 2014). The Communitarian approach used by Michael Walzer to explain immigration policy is similar to Canadian immigration policy. This paper seeks to discuss and analyze the articles by Joseph Carens and Michael Walzer, explaining the different perspectives of explaining immigration policies. The paper would summarize and contrast the author’s main arguments. It would take a stand on which argument is more persuasive in explaining immigration policy and give reason for this position. It would also use other articles to support or refute each argument made by Joseph Carens and Michael Walzer. Lastly this paper would explain and come to a conclusion of if any of these arguments apply to Canadian immigration policy and give examples of these similarities. Carens and Walzer had very different view on immigration and open border, Carens used the Liberal perspective of explaining open border. Carens believe in equal moral worth of individual, he believed that the border should be generally open, individuals should have liberty to move and settle in a anew country and there should be few grounds (Baglay, 2014). Border and Border control mean di... ... middle of paper ... ...ee Law: Historical Overview of Canadian Immigration Policies, lecture retrieved from University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, Ontario. Carens, J. H. (1987) "Aliens and Citizens: "The Case for Open Borders," Review of Politics, 251 ETZIONI, A. (2007). Citizenship tests: A comparative, communitarian perspective. Political Quarterly, 78(3), 353-363. doi:10.1111/j.1467-923X.2007.00864.x Scaperlanda, M. A. (1999). Immigration justice: Beyond liberal egalitarian and communitarian perspectives. Review of Social Economy, 57(4), 523-542. doi:10.1080/00346769900000020 Valadez, J. M. (2013). Immigration and liberal egalitarianism. Philosophy Study, 3(3), 165-n/a. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.uproxy.library.dc-uoit.ca/docview/1465267690?accountid=14694 Walzer, M. (1983). Spheres of justice: a defense of pluralism and equality. New York: Basic Books.
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Canada’s immigration policy has got fairer from the middle of the century on to the end of the century. At the start of the century, Canada’s immigration policy, Canada’s immigration policy wasn’t fair but as the century comes to an end, Canada’s immigration policy became entirely different. There were a lot of racism in the first half of the century but most of this racism in the immigration policy disappeared from 1967 and on. As the years go by, Canada’s immigration policy gets a lot reasonable.
Daniel, Roger is a highly respected author and professor who has majored in the study of immigration in history and more specifically the progressive ear. He’s written remarkable works over the history of immigration in America, in his book Not like Us he opens a lenses about the hostile and violent conditions immigrants faced in the 1890’s through the 1924’s. Emphasizing that during the progressive area many immigrants felt as they were living in a regressing period of their life. While diversity of ethnicity and race gradually grew during this time it also sparked as a trigger for whites creating the flare up of nativism. Daniel’s underlines the different types of racial and ethnical discrimination that was given to individual immigrant
The Family class makes up approximately 28% of people immigrating to Canada. This is a class of people who are wanting to immigrant to Canada in order to be with a relative or spouse who is a Canadian citizen or recent immigrant (also known as a Sponsor). There is no point system required to be accepted as an immigrant, but they must prove that their Sponsor is able to meet the minimum necessary income for them until the applicant can find an employment. Accepting these types of immigrants not only allows Canada to stay on good terms with its immigrants but, also keeps the money that the original immigrant would have been making, and sending back to their family in their home country, to stay and be spent in Canada. The Canadian government has many laws and policies for immigrants and immigration. For example, in 2002 the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act was instituted. It has four main objectives: to pursue social, cultural and economical benefits for all Canadians, to reunite families in Canada, to promote successful integration of immigrants and to respect the bilingual and multicultural character of Canada. Another example of a policy impacted by immigration was the Sign Decision in 1985. This was the ruling of the Supreme Court of Canada that the Immigration Act (1976) was a violation of our Section 7 rights in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. In this case, Santam Sign was not permitted to appeal the government's refusal to his immigration proposal in court. As a result the Supreme Court ruled that this did not allow Sign the right to liberty, life and security- our basic Section 7 rights. People applying for refugee status in Canada now how the right to a quick and fair hearing with them in attending and any life necessities they may need while in Canada during this process. So as you can see, politics has
When the Italians came to Canada, they had many Obstacles moving into a different area. In 1901, many articles were revealed about Italians labors being unfair at work. Labors were misled through this system at labor camps or find themselves unemployed and were not considered labors in many Canada’s major cities. In 1902, the government of Italy sent a tour to report on Italian’s workers in Canada. This report talked about the harsh problems labors to suffer in Canada so, the Italian government suggested that Italian migration to Canada should be suspended. After WW1, the Canadian government took a legal action to immigration. A new law passed to decrease th...
“Multiculturalism” entered public speech in the late 1960s and early 1970s in Canada that focused on unique cultural diversity, nationalities, and ethnicity across the nation. Multiculturalism and Immigration are important factors in the development of Canada to attain a strong multicultural example of economic stability, social and political growth which leads to the emergence of Canada’s identity and culture.
The introduction of the story begins with some general background information on the United States immigration policy and the different trends seen throughout the years. The main section of the book has four parts, each part regarding a different section related to immigration and the government. Throughout these sections Chomsky presents her findings to provide reasoning on why each
Banting noted that some Canadians fear multiculturalism will bring, “…challenges to historic cultures, anxieties about Islam, and fears about insecurity,” (797). As people migrate from one cultural or religious backgrounds, maintaining the identity of the host country becomes difficult. Young children born interact with the immigrants and they could easily emulate foreign cultures thereby putting the historic cultural identity of Canadians at risk of erosion. Winter Elke warned that multiculturalism is changing to give too much preference to the immigrants thereby risking it to become a minority affair (638). Therefore, the relationship between national the majority of Canadians and immigrants need rethinking. Erosion of other cultures as immigrants introduce new ways or adapt to the cultures of the host county (Canada). Furthermore, education of the immigrants could face challenges if they experience difficulty settling in Canada. Given that immigrants later work in Canada, the human resource sector faces a new challenge of managing a diversified workforce, which can create headache for Canadian employers. Banting indicated that there is, “a strong sense that multiculturalism policies have “failed” a reaction that is strongest perhaps in the Netherlands, but is felt in many other countries as well,” (797). Such assertions only fuel resentment towards
This section will introduce ideas around the politics of migration and open borders, in order to lead us into my critical analysis of migration, the brain drain, and what policies can be created for the best possible outcome. As previously mentioned, brain drain is the only possible clause to which immigration can be restricted. However, only if it causes deleterious effects to the poor nation is it acceptable as a restrictive cause. Nevertheless, restrictive immigration goes against fundamental basic human liberties in which a person has the right to leave one country and go to another. I return to develop the libertarian aspects that advocate for open borders based on Carens understanding of Nozick’s work. Nozick