The southern colonies economy revolved around exotic staples such as tobacco and rice. These staples brought a large profit because the colonies would trade with England. In addition, southern pine trees provided lumber and key items for the maritime industry, while the resin from the pine trees could be boiled to make tar. Since they had Great Plains, the cattle industry prospered. This was in great demand for waterproofing ropes and caulking the seams of wooden ships. Slavery was also an important part of these colonies economy. New England colonies economy relied on the sea. They exported fish, mostly cod, to Europe. This also allowed lesser grades of fish going to the West Indies as food for slaves. The colonies also took part in shipbuilding, an important industry because it later spurred extensive trade everywhere in the world. The economy in the middle colonies mostly relied on crops and trade (similar to all the colonies).The colonies had more fertile soil and a larger growing season, this led to surplus and extra export which in turn gave extra profit .The colonies were also located near 3 great rivers which gave them access to the backcountry and the extreme profitable fur trade with Native Americans. In the southern colonies their social life was easy going and more casual. They did activities such as hunting, and gambling, horse riding and many more activities. Unlike in the southern colonies, the New England colonies wasn’t pious or harmonious, they fished, took time for commercial agriculture and traded. The social strains in the New England colonies led to the Salem witch trials, the tragic climax in the witchcraft hysteria. Many residents were accused and killed for practicing witchcraft. In the middle colonies, the social life was for the social elite. This was dominated by merchants, retailers, innkeepers and artisans. The ethnicity in the southern colonies was made up of British colonist and black slaves, in the New England colonies, were
The New England colonies, which included New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut, had small farms working mainly for local consumption. With the help of a healthy climate, their economy focused primarily on small fishing, farming, and sea trade. The belief in Puritanism basically governed the New England colonies. For example, the Puritans believed that leading a good life indicated God’s graces, because only God had the power to determine who could be saved (Foner 53). However, since the Puritans feared individualism, the New England colonies established self-government. The Middle colonies consisted of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and later, Delaware. While they were also known as farmers, they practiced trade and sold grain abroad. This grain production and shipping was the primary source of their economy. The region of the...
In 1609, the middle colonies were explored by Henry Hudson during an exploration. The major towns in the Middle colonies are Seaports; New York City, New Jersey (limited religious freedom), Delaware, and Philadelphia (religious freedom). Ph People who settled in this colony were mainly Quakers, Dutch, French, Germans, and Scot-irish because they were emigrants from European countries. The Settlers settled by their economic activities, which included farming grains, livestock, cash crops, mining and trading. Land in the middle colonies was flat and the soil was fertile. This allowed the colony to have a good amount of food during the American Revolution. Their local government was a mixture of town meetings and country governments. The religious groups in the colony where Quakers, Catholics, Jews, and protestants (tolerance). Theses religious groups started an educational opportunity in the middle colonies. The middle colonies had fewer slaves than the south because Quakers were trying to abolish slavery. Also, women in the middle colonies were workers in manufacturing like the women in the Northern colonies. Freedom of religion in the middle colonies set a stage in the American Revolution. The First Great Awakening began among the Presbyterians in New
The three colonial regions blossomed quite differently in terms of economy. English colonists first settled in Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. Failing to find gold, however, people in the southern colonies grew tobacco and rice as marketable commodities. Since tobacco plantation was labor-intensive, a large number of the population was indentured servants and black slaves. Because of the high mortality rate and unbalanced sex ratio, headright system was created in order to attract more settlers. In New England, due to the poor soil condition, people mainly relied on fishing, and lumber. Also, the Navigation Acts stimulated shipbuilding industry. The Middle colonies were based on growing grains and trading with European nations as well as other colonies.
The north mainly grew crops in which they could survive off and to provide food for their families, unlike the south who mainly grew crops to make a profit. The climate and soil in the north was too unstable for them to prosper in the agricultural industry. As a result, there was no need for slavery, large plantations or servants. Instead, since they were close to the ocean and the Appalachian Mountains they focused on making a natural supply of fish, lumber and fur leading the northerners to the business of trading. The main export of New England was fish, livestock and timber from the North Atlantic fishing grounds. This new trading business made it all the way to southern Europe and the West Indies. The fish trade also accelerated colonial shipbuilding and trained generations of fishermen, sailors, and merchants (Chapter 4, Pg. 89). As a result, it led New England farmers to a diverse commercial economy that associated isolated farmers to markets throughout the Atlantic world. In addition, unlike the south, cities in the north emerged such as Boston and Philadelphia. The northerners established major harbors in Boston and Philadelphia for worldwide trading.
Socially the three groups of colonies developed differently. The New England Colonies life was dominated by the Puritan religion. There was strict observation of the Sabbath, people dressed in somber clothing, Christmas and birthdays were not celebrated and religious tolerance was not practiced. People supported each other to create a one-class system: middle class, a homogenous background. In the Middle Colonies the cosmopolitan population celebrated for any reason, wore the latest European Fashions and practiced religious toleration. They had a two-class system of upper class landowners and middle class professionals living in large cities. In the Southern Colonies the plantations and cosmopolitan environment dominated social life. The Southern Colonies had a strict three class system: upper class rich plantation owners, middle class small plantation owners, lower class ...
First, the Southern Colonies were formed by aristocratic Europeans who came to the New World in search of land. These wealthy people brought Europeans and African servants. In their new home, the aristocrats produced a society in which only the wealthy had power. They tried and at some times forced their servants to convert to Christianity. They were constantly battling the Native Americans and had little respect for them. On the other hand, unhappy New England colonists and Europeans wanting complete freedom settled the middle colonies. The settlement of these lands was mainly started by William Penn. Penn, received land for the King for debts owed to his father. It was Penn’s goal to create a society in which all people were equal. There was no slavery in the Middle Colonies, unlike the Southern Colonies, and by law, all men could own land. Also, they respected the natives and even employed them from time to time. They remarked on how it wasn’t necessary to bare weapons around these people. Although the goal of these settlements was complete religious toleration, it wasn’t totally feasible.
Trying to survive in the new world, colonies in South Carolina, Virginia, west and south Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, Alabama and eastern Texas had to find something to invest in to earn money, while being in a different territory. So the majority of the people in the colonies were farmers. They had to rely on natural resources to sale and trade. Through the years they finally found reliable resources that would change the century forever. Tobacco, rice, indigo and cotton impacted the English colonies drastically.
The colonies developed as they were all searching for better opportunities for freedom. They all came here for the access to vote, prospects of acquiring land, the right to worship how they pleased, and to escape from an oppressive government – Great Britain.
New England and the Middle Colonies (to a smaller degree) symbolized the industrial power where industries such as metal manufacturing, lumbering, mining and fishing were predominant in these regions. For the most part, they were white workers (artisans, crafters, silver working) and the trades would take place between the colonies. To the contrary of these two regions, the South would focus more on massive slaves work to grow tobacco and rice that they would sell to England. As we can notice, the two trading systems have different markets. New England and the Middle colonies would trade more internally, helping merchants with the Act of Navigation, whereas the South targets England as a market for more commercial trades.