Mental health is a relevant issue in Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness. Not only is Kurtz’ mental health questionable throughout the novel, but Marlow also has to be examined by a physician, to check both his physical and mental status, before he starts on the journey to Africa. The mental health community in the late 19th and early 20th centuries was not nearly as developed as it is today, but many developments during this time period had a profound impact on the way we analyze the human psyche and mental health today.
Mental illness is seen throughout society as a negative subject, many suffer through not only with the disorders but, also the shame that comes along. In this article we will look at one of the most severe mental disorders in hopes of achieving a better knowledge of the disorder and to debunk some of the misconceptions of having a mental disorder.
When people think about mental illness they think about people with mental voices or psychopathic killers like Michael Myers from the movie Halloween , but not all mental illnesses or disorders are so not visible or easily distinguished. Psychological disorders can vary from as minor as drinking problems to as severe as depression and anxiety. Though all mental illnesses are severe and harmful in many ways psychiatrist and doctors still are yet to find permanent cures. There is research linked to genes, hormone problems, brain development, and environment that trigger mental disorders but no research yet indicates the true cause.
According to Molecular Psychiatry 1 out of every 100 people in the United States are currently suffering from OCD. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder is an anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted diverse obsessions that are then followed by compulsions (Subramaniam, Soh, Vaingankar, Picco, & Chong, 2013). To get a better understanding of what this definition means, it is important to explain what obsessions and compulsions are. Obsessions can be repeated thoughts, images, sensations, or impulses that make a person feel completely out of control or in danger. Some main types of obsessions that someone with this disorder suffers from are contamination, fear of losing control, harm, and perfectionism. Compulsions are what follow right after the obsessions. They are the repetitive behaviors or thoughts the person does to make the obsessions go away. What’s unfortunate about the obsessions going away is that it is only temporary before the process repeats itself.
Obsessions are thoughts or images that will not go away. An obsession is intrusive and normally seen as irrational, but the person with OCD is not able to stop or ignore these thoughts. Some common obsessions include the fear of becoming sick with germs. Some consistently worry about whether the stove was turned off when they left the house. OCD people feel fear along with the obsessive thoughts.
OCD is an anxiety disorder that is described as someone with obsessive thoughts and/or compulsive behavior. People with OCD are caught up in repetitive behavior and thoughts that they cannot stop. Obsession is defined as unwanted, recurrent, and disturbing thoughts that a person cannot stop. These thoughts are unable to be suppressed and can result in severe anxiety. Compulsions are the result of the obsession. These are repetitive, ritualized behaviors that are done to alleviate the anxiety caused by the obsession. (2) The most common obsessions are fear of contamination, fear of causing harm to another, fear of making a mistake, fear of behaving in a socially unacceptable manner, need for symmetry or exactness, and excessive doubt. The most common compulsions are cleaning/washing, checking, arranging/organizing, collecting/hoarding, and counting/repeating. (3) Some people with OCD have rituals that help relieve the anxiety; however, that relief is only temporary. (4) Most patients (at least 80%) with OCD have both obs...
OCD is an anxiety disorder that describes someone with either obsessive thoughts or compulsive behavior or with both (Thomsen 1). Anybody with this psychological disorder have thoughts and a repetitive behavior going on in their head that they cannot stop; all these thoughts can result to a highly anxiety disorder. Obsessions can result to the compulsions that are also repetitive behaviors (“Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Part II” 2). There are different kinds of obsessions one person has, but the most common are fear of contamination, fear of behaving in a socially unacceptable manner, need for exactness, and fear of making a mistake. The most common compulsions are cleaning, constantly checking things; such as making sure the door is locked, ordering, and avoidance (“Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Part II” 2). Less than 20% of people have obsessions or compulsions and at least 80 % of people with OCD have both obsessions and compulsions (Bakalar 3).
Obsessions definition is as follows; when someone or something fills your mind to a troubling extent. The littlest of things can obsess people and when people are obsessed they can cause harm to themselves or anyone else around them. If it comes down to people are getting hurt that obsessed person should be sent to help. Jake Garrett did not get any help until it was to late.
People who have Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) are preoccupied with certain distressing thoughts and feel compelled to perform certain behaviors. The compulsive acts usually block out the anxiety caused by the obsession. The obsessions are bothering images, thoughts, or urges that invade into a persons stream of consciousness. Compulsions are the repetitive behaviors that a person feels compelled to perform. There are various themes of obsessions and compulsions the most common being contamination, order/symmetry, harm or injury, sex, violence, and religion
Obsessions are the unpleasant thoughts or impulses that cause the person with the disorder to have lots of anxiety and edginess. The thoughts may include things such as perfect order of things in a house, perfect hygiene, or the fear that they are going to hurt someone. Obsessions can be violent or sexual.
"Obsession is a commitment; you have to believe in it, because it soon takes you over." A chilling statement made by Pilar Vilades in a New York Times Magazine article regarding how time consuming an obsession can be. This is exceptionally true in cases of OCD. The human mind is truly one of this world's wonders, and watching how a person with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder behaves will cause one to cherish sanity. However, even those who are considered sane experience their share of obsessive feelings in the more benign form of infatuation. Whichever word is used to describe it, the essence of both words resides in the dominance of one's mind by a single, reoccurring thought.
Did you know that one in five Americans suffer from a mental illness (Newsweek)? The only treatment widely accessible is therapy and medication. Which type of treatment is more effective? Mental illness treatment in the 1800’s was extremely ineffective. If someone was to have had a mental illness those people were placed in institutions that were quite similar to jails. People who resided here had no opportunities to leave, no matter had badly they wanted to. Patients were kept in filthy conditions, chained to their beds, and even abused. Recent treatment for mental illness over the past 20 years has greatly advanced. Studies have shown that cognitive therapy is as effective as antidepressant medications at treating depression (Bekiempis).
Mental illness is referred to as a wide range of conditions that affects the mind, mood, and behaviors that are abnormal to normalcy. Many people in the past thought mental illness was the cause of by supernatural beings in relations to evil spirits or demons. The treatments that were used to rid the evil spirit out of the body were exorcism and trephining the skull until Hippocrates used scientific reasoning to assess and treat those abnormalities that he thought were all natural causes during the 3rd century BC.
Before the 1850's, physical and mental health professionals believed that maintaining healthy physical conditions were the main priority when trying to prevent mental illness (National Library of Scotland, 2007). For many years people thought that all mental illnesses were the result of poor physical health. With this idea, the British had the authority to define what was "insane", even if that meant overstepping cultural boundaries and norms. Because of cultural differences, the English who occupied India took advantage of the indigenous Indians and their culture and tried to punish the "disobedient", whenever they showed no sign of full assimilation to British culture (National Library of Scotland, 2007). Thus the asylums in India were not