McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y

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McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y Introduction Human beings have been studied systematically and objectively for many years to determine if they are resistant to work or self-governing. In addition, managers who tend to utilize McGregor’s Theory X generally receive poor results from their employees. This report essay will address McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y in contrasts to include how these theories benefit the criminal justice system. The sections that will be discussed are: Theory X, Theory Y, Behavioral Management Theories and conclusion. McGregor’s Theory X According to McGregor’s Theory X, it can best be described as employees who have issues with taking responsibility to go to work with the desire to work and who are resistant and who require pressure in order to perform their job duties and complete production. Theory X is considered to be negative as labeled by McGregor. (Robbins, 2013) McGregor’s Theory Y According to McGregor’s Theory Y, it can be best described as employees who have a willingness and desire to take responsibility to work, and are committed to accomplishing their goals pressure free of performing their job duties in order to complete their work production. Theory Y is considered to be positive as labeled by McGregor. (Robbins, 2013) Behavioral Management Theories Abraham Maslow wrote the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory. This theory was based on fulfilling five basic needs: physiological, safety, social, esteem and self-actualization. Maslow believed that these needs could create internal pressures that could influence the behavior of a person. (Robbins, p.204) It essential that managers are aware of their employees physical needs while in the work place to include ensuring t... ... middle of paper ... ...he task on their own and seem to enjoy doing what they do this will show a positive and place them in the Y theory. Works Cited Robbins, S.P., and Judge, T.A. 2013. Organizational Behavior (15th ed.) Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Rogers, Elaine. Management Styles – Theory X and Theory Y: (2012) Retrieved from: tweakyourbiz.com/management/2012 Theory X and Theory Y: Understanding Team Member Motivation: Retrieved from: www.mindtools.com/pages/article/human-motivation-theory Weibell, C.J. (2011). Principles of learning: 7 principles to guide student-centered, Personalized learning in the technology-enhanced, blended learning environment. Retrieved: November 29, 2013 from:http://principlesoflearning.wordpress.com.
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