Nature of Logic and Perception Critical thinking is the process in which one challenges their emotive, self-centered way of thinking. It causes one to test their own assumptions and question their reasoning. Critical thinking is the process in which one mentally explores deeper than the superficial matters at hand into the deeper layers in order to find out what the real issues are. Successful critical thinking is a process that allows one to creatively problem solve, seek innovative solutions, and essentially "think outside of the box." It also allows one to become more open minded to various situations.
Is philosophy still useful? Philosophy is a discipline that is often times overlooked as useless and not time worthy of our time. Could the truth actually be the opposite of the commonly held belief? Philosophy is useful and relevant because it can help one to understand oneself through critical thinking and learning to not only question, but also question that, which one assumes to be fact. In a constantly changing world, unanswered questions often arise.
Encyclopedia Britannica Online. 22 Jan. 2005 < http://search.eb.com/ebi/article?tocId=9310645&query=RAY%20CHARLES&ct= >. Ray Charles: The Official Site. Comp. Chad Hanson, Ira Merrill, and Raenee Robinson.
This type of logic is commonly associated with aggressive communication such as disagreements between individuals or may just come from a dishonest individual (Woodard et al., 2014, p. 93). It is not always easy to be of the same mind. Furthermore, individuals communicating with different points of view or passion may be highly susceptible to employ bad logic (Woodard et al, 2014, p. 93). Therefore, theorist determined for individuals to advance “sound reasoning” it was important to develop the capacity to recognize and discern false logic using a systematic effort to identify (Woodard et al., 2014, p. 93). The consequence of faulty reasoning impedes an individual’s ability to effectively collaborate, make sense of new information, process and evaluation the everyday real world situations (Weinstock, M. P., Neuman, Y., & Glassner, A., 2006, p. 338).
In Descartes’ Meditations, his goal to prove the existence of things could only be accomplished if he was logical, clear, and correct in his thoughts and writings. The most important issues he noted were the threat of being deceived and the potential of being incorrect in his judgments, both of which would lead him into error. Error exists as a problem that individuals encounter on a regular basis, and it also exists as a focal point in Descartes’ Meditations. Descartes defines error as “a privation or lack of some knowledge which somehow should be in me.” As a “thinking thing”, which he defines as “a thing that doubts, understands, affirms, denies, is willing, is unwilling, and also imagines and has sensory perceptions”¹, Descartes must use his knowledge to the best of his ability. In the mind, knowledge is dealt with in the faculty of judgment.
Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Incorporated. Kirby, G. R., & Goodpaster, J. R. (1999). Thinking (2nd Ed.). Prentice-Hall, Incorporated, an imprint of Pearson Education, Incorporated. Tagore, R., Quote retrieved May 22, 2005, from search on website, http://en.thinkexist.com.
When we look at an investment opportunity it is important to recognize the “gut” feeling as our initial response but not necessarily the right response. Being aware of this can help avoid falling into an optimist bias and poorly budgeting for the future. An important question that must be asked is do we need to be completely rational always? Kahneman made clear how our System 1 can lead to bad decisions and poor planning. Yet it seems that our cognitive processes evolved in a way to protect us from aspects of reality.
Logic and Moral Dilemmas ABSTRACT: Logic is of great importance for the philosophy of education. In particular, logic provides a rational and critical approach in ethics, helping us understand the nature of moral dilemmas. Some suggest that all moral dilemmas result from some kind of inconsistency in the moral rules. Unsolvable moral situations simply reflect implicit inconsistencies in our existing moral code. If we are to remain moral as well as logical, then we must restore consistency to our code.
Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University. Retrieved 22 June 2005, from http://chiron.valdosta.edu/whuitt/col/affsys/erikson.html. Huitt, W., & Hummel, J. (2003).
Ways to recognize logical fallacies is to identify false comparisons, what isn’t relevant to the issue, recognize the ignorance in the statement or the evidence isn’t a related to the conclusion of an opponent's statements. Shutting fallacies down is much more difficult, especially if one must come back with a retort fastly. Before going into a debate one must thoroughly understand the most important and popular fallacies. Additionally, one can simply keep the conversation going with the extensive research that they must do before going into an argument. Every fallacy requires a different response, for example, fallacies that regard evidence, which is most of them, you respond with logical proof that there is no proof.