Also it is produce nausea, vomiting, respiratory depression, and seizure in sever cases. Moreover it may affect the metabolism of other drugs. Alcolism associated with withdrawal symptoms that can be treated with long acting BDZs. The treatment of alcohol cessation include Naltrexone, disulfiram, or acamprosate. Also there are other drug can be used, but still under investigation varenicline, ondansetron prazosin, baclofen, and topiramate.
Dopamine-mediated neurotransmissions in various regions plays a key role in mediating the dysphoria associated withdrawal from alcohol and thus reduced function alters perception of alcohol effects. These physiological changes result in withdrawal symptoms, including seizures, anxiety, toxic effects on nerve cells, and altered perception of alcohol’s effects. Any of those symptoms may increase the patient’s potential for relapse and vulnerability to brain damage. With a drinking pattern of repeated bingeing and abstaining, the imbalance occurring during withdrawal may intensify with each successive episode and may culminate in a state of persistent CNS hyperexcitability seen as a augmented withdrawal response.
However, these effects vary from person to person; alcohol has different effects on different people. The increased consumption of alcohol, in contrast, has more universal effects on individuals. Some of these effects include confusion, memory loss, nausea, coma, and even death. Research has suggested that alcohol use, causes significant changes in the neurotransmitters of the brain. It tends to excite the functions of inhibitory neurotransmitters, such as GABA, glycine, and adenosine, ... ... middle of paper ... ...ppocampus of alcoholics.
Cancer may evolve from being an addict of this deadly substance. Alcohol is a substance that is transported into the bloodstream that is in taken through a person’s mouth which can further down the line lead to eternal damage. Too much alcohol can potentially damage a person’s organs, brain, and etc. This can possibly lead to alcohol poisoning if it is keeps up. Alcoholism is better known as an addiction that has short-term and long-term effects on a person.
Substance Abuse Another major topic that the sociology of aging covers is the topic of substance abuse. Abusing drugs such as alcohol, nicotine, and tobacco can cause a lot of complications on a person’s overall health and lifestyle especially while aging. Not only do complications occur, but one can also possibly overdose from drinking too much alcohol. Nicotine and tobacco is also known to cause lung cancer. According to the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, drinking too much even once in a single session is known to cause major health problems, which in turn can possibly cause more health problems in the future.
Medical studies have been conducted to investigate the effects of pot versus alcohol on the body. Many of these studies conducted have shown that alcohol is far more dangerous on the body and those around then the use of marijuana. What are the effects of alcohol on the body and mind? Alcohol damages all of the drinker’s organs, intoxication can weaken brain function and motor skills. Heavy use of alcohol can increase the risk of certain types of cancers, stroke, and even cause liver disease.
Introduction Alcohol is a widely available drug. People who use alcohol will consume it in varying amounts. People who drink alcohol in excess, and have behavior problems during and after drinking alcohol, may have what is called an alcohol use disorder. Alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence are the two main types of alcohol use disorders: Alcohol abuse is when you use alcohol too much or too often. You may use alcohol to make yourself feel happier or to reduce stress, but you may have a hard time setting a limit on the amount you drink.
This coexistence of disorders is called comorbidity. (Huffman, 2012) In the following, the effects of drugs, substance-related disorders, and substance abuse treatment will be discussed. Psychoactive drugs alter people’s states of consciousness. The psychoactive drugs accomplish this by affecting the nervous system in one of two ways. Some drugs are agonistic drugs, which improve the functioning of certain neurotransmitters.
There are instances where an individual may have an addiction to prescription drugs such as morphine or hydrocodone. ‘Dependence’ came into existence by the World Health Organization (WHO) to refer to a cluster of physiological and behavioral phenomena of variable intensity where drug use has a high priority. The use of the drug is in order to experience its mental actions and effects or to avoid the discomforts of its absence. It is also frequent to be dependent on more than one drug. Since the emergence of drug dependence, there have been numerous attempts to reduce the effects that the opiates have on individuals and more so to stop the widespread addiction.
(1) The metabolism of buprenorphine is directed by CYP3A4 isozyme, when administer with protease inhibitors it may decrease the clearance of buprenorphine. (1) This will increase the the levels of the medication in the plasma and can experience toxic effects(1)