John Locke’s Views on Property and Liberty, as Outlined in His Second Treatise of Government
Locke states that in order for a civil society to be established, the individuals must forfeit some of their rights that they have in the state of nature. This needs to be done so everyone can live together in peace.
2. Locke is a bit confused for himself about this question. Then he backs it up simply by using the results that the state of Nature brings. Locke says, “man in the state of nature is an absolute lord of his own person and possessions, though he has such a right, yet the enjoyment of it is very uncertain and constantly exposed to the invasion of others; for all being kings as much as he, every man his equal, and the greater part no strict observers of equity and justice, the enjoyment of the property he has in this state is very unsafe, very insecure.” This is the reason why man quits from such an idea and goes on finding a more compatible political society. The ability for the man to create such commonwealths that benefit everyone is a secure road for them to preserve their property, Locke explains.
Tyler Windsor History 102 Steve Stager February-March 2014 John Locke John Locke wrote a government idea in the 17th century that many people today would think is the idea of a fool. He thought that the government needed to stay out of the way of the lives of others and let the natural rights take place. Locke thought that the people were good and could live just fine without the government trying to control their every move. Locke implied the government is intended to be an instrument for the people and they could adjust or change the instrument as needed to best fit their needs (Pourly 2)
John Locke’s Natural Rights stated that all men have three rights they are born with: life, liberty, and property. The first right is life. When a person is created, they are given life. They have the freedom to do what they want with themselves. The next right is liberty. People are given liberty. When someone is born they are automatically given the liberty to move, breathe, talk, etc.; however, some liberty must be earned. The last right is property. While having property would make most people happy, some people may not be as satisfied. In the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson pulled these three main ideas from Locke and incorporated them into the document. While the life and liberty rights stayed the same, he altered the idea of
” (Hernandez 2013b, 16) In Locke’s words, he says that all men are created equal by God and have natural rights to life, liberty and property, including their body nature and for its purpose of self-preservation. Once the societies are formed, men will no longer able to take control in their hands because the purpose of the government is to protect each individual’s natural right and also to provide for the common good. Liberty means as an individual we have the freedom that we can take our responsibility in matters in our hands. It is relevant to us as a human being to have rights of our own than to have the government making decision for us. The challenge of balancing the government needs for individual freedom and legitimacy is the people feel that they have the rights to speak and take priority into their
In his book Concerning Civil Government, he claimed that “men unite into societies that they may have the united strength of the whole society to secure and defend their properties and may have standing rules to bind it by which every man may know what is his. To this end, it is that men give up all their natural power to the society they enter into, and the community put their legislative power into such hands as they think fit, with this trust, that they shall be governed by declared laws, or else their peace, right, and property will still be at the same time uncertainty as it was in the state of nature. ” In the state of nature, Locke, just like Hobbes, asserted that there is also perfect equality between and among men. Equality refers to the sameness of privileges, powers, and jurisdiction of all individuals in matters of ordering their actions and disposing of their possessions and persons as they think fit. Equality, in this case, is enriched by the concept of reciprocity. The basis of freedom, in the state of nature, is not the individual characteristics which may be present at variant between and among individuals. Rather, reciprocity as the principle of freedom refers to the common nature individual possesses in realizing whatever each individual deems necessary. Reciprocity, however, does not guarantee order and organization in the same manner as justice and law exist in a political
In his treatise, Locke addresses the equality of all men. In order to correctly understand political philosophy, one must first understand the State of Nature man is born into, which is a state of perfect freedom. In the State of Nature, man has perfect freedom and is equal to all other men. Man’s freedom allows him to act as he pleases and to use or dispose of his possessions as he sees fit (Locke II.4). The freedom man enjoys is coupled with a state of equality, in which it is understood that all men entitled to the advantages of nature and the use of its resources. In the state of nature, no man has more “power or jurisdiction” (Locke II.4) than any other man. Although natural man is in a state of liberty, Locke takes great care to stress that man is not in a “state of license” (Locke II.6), for man is only free to act within the bounds of the law of nature (Locke II.4). The law of nature, which is reason, claims that because all men are “equal and independent,” and therefore, no man ought to cause harm to another man’s “life, health, liberty, or posses...
John believed that all men had a state of perfect freedom, a state of equality, and a state of liberty. They had a right to act as they wanted to as long as they did not destroy other people or their property or possessions. Locke goes on to say "all men are naturally in that state," he is referring to the state of nature, "and remain so, till by their own consents they make themselves members of some politic society."(7) So, once they agree to become part of the society, they give up their natural state, which is their freedom, equality, and
In order to examine how each thinker views man and the freedom he should have in a political society, it is necessary to define freedom or liberty from each philosopher’s perspective. John Locke states his belief that all men exist in "a state of perfect freedom to order their actions and dispose of their possessions and person as they think fit, within the bounds of the law of nature, without asking leave or depending upon the will of any other man." (Ebenstein 373) Locke believes that man exists in a state of nature and thus exists in a state of uncontrollable liberty, which has only the law of nature, or reason, to restrict it. (Ebenstein 374) However, Locke does state that man does not have the license to destroy himself or any other creature in his possession unless a legitimate purpose requires it. Locke emphasizes the ability and opportunity to own and profit from property as necessary for being free.