This assignment is based on the case study of Leigh Richards (School of Nursing & Midwifery 2013). Leigh Richards is a 39-year-old male who has three (3) children, he lives in Murray Bridge and works as an irrigation consultant; Leigh was in a rally car as it crashed into a tree while going high speeds on a dirt road. Leigh has been diagnosed with pneumothorax and a small subdural hematoma but these will not be discussed within the assignment (School of Nursing & Midwifery 2013). This paper will encompass the anatomy and physiology of the skeletal and muscular system, the pathophysiology that relates to the areas surrounding the diagnosis of injury that Leigh has acquired, two of the signs and symptoms that Leigh has will be elaborated on and…show more content… Acute inflammation is triggered when the human body experiences trauma or injury. The signs and symptoms of Acute Inflammation include redness, pain, swelling, heat and loss of function (Porth 2011, p. 55). In Acute Inflammation there are two different stages, the vascular stage involves the blood vessels and how blood flow is involved and they changes that happen after injury has occurred and the cellular stage of Acute Inflammation, the cells that are involved are the leukocytes and neutrophils (Porth 2011, p.…show more content… The resorption and formation of bone happens with two bone cells and they are the osteoblasts and the osteoclasts (Rucci 2008, p. 49). Osteoblasts are the cells, which are involved with the secretion of the organic and nonorganic components of the bone, and allows for the formation of new bone to occur in the bone-remodelling phase, the osteoclasts is the bone cell which inhibits the formation of new bone and allows for the healing process of the bone to occur (Porth 2012, pp. 1086 - 1087). The complications that can our in the remodelling and healing phase is that bone could be lost and other skeletal disorders can arise such disorders as osteoporosis and they could have a deficit in the connection of the bone marrow function (Rucci 2008, p. 49).
Soft tissue injuries refer to injuries that involves the soft tissues within the body, these include the muscles, the tissues, the blood vessels, the cartilage and tendons. When a soft tissue injury has occurred the human body is unable to function and accurately work to protect and hold the structure for the other body systems (Sports Medicine Australia 2015). Most soft tissue injuries are acute and are a result from a traumatic event that has occurred and the tissues of the body are unable to withhold the extra stress that the tissues are under (Sports Medicine Australia