As a result of freedom and the end of the communal system, many Indians were left without protection and they slid even further down the economic ladder. Political disorder and powerful leaders attempting to regulate authority marked the period after the revolutionary wars. Independence did not win Latin America its success; freedom created new problems and new challenges that had to be overcome. Bibliography: Bibliography Keen, Benjamin. Latin American Civilization.
Latin American Independence Latin American Independence was the drive for independence from Spain and France by the Latin American people. There were many contributing factors that ultimately led to the uprising of Latin American colonies. Europe's strong hold on the economic and political life of Latin America, was creating friction between the Latin Colonies and the European nations. Eventually, this would become enough for the Latin American people and the drive for independence from France and Spain would begin. There were a few main points that led up to the Latin American independence movement.
The Independence of Latin America The Independence of Latin America was a process caused by years of injustices, discriminations, and abuse, from the Spanish Crown upon the inhabitants of Latin America. Since the beginning the Spanish Crown used the Americas as a way to gain riches and become greater in power internationally. Three of the distinct causes leading Latin America to seek independence from Spain, were that Spain was restricting Latin America from financial growth, (this included restrictions from the Spain on international trade, tax burden, and laws which only allowed the Americas to buy from Spain), The different social groups within Latin America, felt the pressure of the reforms being implicated on them by the Spanish Crown. They wanted freedom to decide how to run their home without the crown deciding for them what they should do. The Wars of Independence in Latin America, The Bourbon Reform, was one form of reforms pushed by the people of Latin America towards Independence.
Latin America: A Legacy of Oppression When the Europeans first arrived in Latin America, they didn’t realize the immensity of their actions. As history has proven, the Europeans have imposed many things on the Latin American territory have had a long, devastating effect on the indigenous people. In the centuries after 1492, Europeans would control much of South America and impose a foreign culture upon the already established civilizations that existed before their arrival. These imposed ideas left the continent weak and resulted in the loss of culture, the dependence on European countries, and a long standing ethnic tension between natives and settlers which is evident even to this day. The indigenous people of South America, which included the Aztec, Olmec, and the Maya cultures of Central America and the Inca of South America, had developed complex civilizations, which made use of calendars, mathematics, writing, astronomy, the arts, and architecture.
Problems caused by imperialism have prevailed to this day. Imperialism caused a breakdown of the previous cultures and lifestyles that the natives had followed. The European imperialism caused many of the now prevalent ethnic rivalries that can be found in northern India, parts of Asia, and parts of Africa. "Africa and much of the developing world have been struggling for nearly half a century to come to terms with grinding ethnic and tribal rivalries that remain, in a way, one of the most enduring legacies of their colonial past." In many cases of European imperialism, the European colonialists would pick a favored minority in one of their colonies to govern their colony locally and with this priority came assurance of the best jobs and favored treatment.
Additionally, a decade later Peruvian intellectuals and politicians were influenced by what was going on in other parts of the world. In particular, The French Revolution and successful war in the North American colonies put ideas such as “the rights of being able to self govern, merits of nationalism and the desire to do things differently” within the minds of oppressed Peruvians. Despite these beliefs and concepts, political events in Europe also played an essential role in provoking Peru towards independence. In 1808, King Ferdinand VII was discrowned due to Napoleonic invasion in Spain. Thus, Spain temporarily had no control over the colonies in the New World.
Close to the end of the nineteenth century, the loyalty started to change because of the Creole rivalry with the Spaniards for the ruling of Cuba, Spanish despotism and the growth of Cuban nationalism. This eventually led to the Ten Years’ War against Spain. The Ten Years’ War failed to win independence for Cuba. At the start of the second independence war, the Cuban leader José Martí was killed. The Americans entered the conflict due to the strained relations between Spain and the United States.
Shortly after that the country came under U.S. control. Even under U.S. control the country still suffered from dictators with highly restrictive policies on leaving the island, and harsh economic conditions. These terrible economic conditions only worsened and caused a gigantic influx of immigrants from the Dominican Republic to the United States in the early 80's and even more in the 90's (Hale-Benson, p. 97). The people came in groves to the United States seeking more opportunities and a better life, but they soon learned that they would face many of the same cultural, racial and ethnic barriers that other ethnic immigrants have faced when seeking a new life in a new land. In this paper I w... ... middle of paper ... ...fferences.
Because of the colonial past of so many cultures, numerous indigenous people today face many issues. Today colonialism is still active, known as Neocolonialism, which has devastating effects on global cultural groups. To begin, the term colonialism is defined in the dictionary as “control by one country over another and its people”. Throughout history colonialism has confounded and damaged numerous cultures and people. Indigenous people have undergone a series of massive modifications to their culture as well as spiritual beliefs and morals and obligations they’ve held since before the first coming of Western cultures.
Generally speaking, most everyone desires insurance over his or her rights, but cannot obtain it easily. A paragon of this could be seen in the cause of the American Revolution, where the British imposed several acts of maltreatment upon the colonists, who had already won their independence. These acts limited the colonists’ lives, forcing them to abide by Britain’s every order and sacrifice their goods and imports for their mother country’s sake. Confining the lives of the colonists unfairly, major acts and events such as the French and Indian War, Intolerable Acts and Boston Tea Party were leading factors in precipitating the American Revolution, and had they not been issued nor forced, none of this warring would have occurred. The first major cause of the American Revolution was the French and Indian War, a long and brutal crusade that expelled the French from all of their American territory.