During the period between the 16th and 18th century, there were many rulers that contributed to the rise and fall of the French Monarchy. The ideas of the enlightenment, class struggles, and policies of the king had different effects on the reigns of each king. It is very ironic that after years of fighting for a democracy, the Fench people decide that they want a dictatorship. If I was a ruler during the period of the French Revolution, I would have ruled as an absolutist. I would not expect the people to love me, as Louis XVI did, because this would only show my weakness.
During the late 18th century, the French Revolution took place which completely changed France. French society was in it's worse condition with poverty, unfair systems both socially and politically, and economic declines. The third estate became overwhelmingly unsatisfied of the unfair laws and the privileged classes. With economic failures, the monarch began to tax harshly to the third estate which brought rage among the third estate. From then on powerful and effective actions were taken to rebel against the French government.
The French Revolution The years before the French Revolution (which started in 1789 AD.) were ones of vast, unexpected change and confusion. One of the changes was the decline of the power of the nobles, which had a severe impact on the loyalty of some of the nobles to King Louis XVI. Another change was the increasing power of the newly established middle class, which would result in the monarchy becoming obsolete. The angry and easily manipulated peasants, who were used by the bourgeoisie for their own benefit were another significant change, and finally the decline of the traditional monarchy, that for so long had ruled, were all factors to the main point that the French Revolution was caused by a political base, with social disorder and economic instability contributing to the upheaval.
Enlightenment writers and philosophers would question the old order and write about new political systems and a society where everyone would have equal amounts of power. Because of this, ... ... middle of paper ... ... Soon, King Louis XV had bankrupted the national treasury of France and had left the country in debt. By this time, the monarchs were being frowned upon, so when France was passed onto Louis XVI, people judged him quickly and deemed him a bad king who did not know how to deal with the country’s affairs. The people of France were tired of having kings who repeatedly ignored their problems and needs and were turning against the idea of absolutism, making it one cause of the French Revolution.
The French Revolution was a period of radical social and political turmoil in France from 1789 to 1799 that greatly affected the French and modern history, marking the steady decline of powerful monarchies and the rise of democracy and nationalism. The trigger for the revolution was the autocratic government of the King, Louis XVI. With absolute power over the people, the King could make all laws, appoint government officials, wage war on whomever he pleased, and imprison anyone he wished. As a consequence the majority of the citizens became disgruntled and disillusioned with the state and problems that came about which later played a part in causing the revolution. The French revolution was attributed to a number of factors which are identified and discussed below.
One of the biggest revolts throughout history is the French Revolution because of the changes it costed, and it was powerful enough to change the political status of the time. It began from 1789 due to many major causes that included economic and political crisis and lasted till 1794. When French people rose against king Louis XV and his wife, Marie Antoinette, they ultimately ended up killing both of them and throwing France into chaos. Since France had suffered financially, most people faced starvation and economic difficulties. Also, absolutism was one of the biggest factors of the French Revolution because Louis’s regime did not support the ideology of equality and individuals did not have all the freedom that they ought to have had.
History shows that during his reign, France achieved a new dominant power throughout Europe. Through his careful, deliberate planning, France acquired much new land. France stunned Europe when Louis invaded the Spanis... ... middle of paper ... ... engaged France in numerous battles and because many of his greatest marshals were now dead, France began to lose many of the lands it had acquired earlier in his reign. By 1697, France had to return Lorraine, Flanders, Luxembourg and the area around the Rhine River. Louis continued to lose battle after battle, and these defeats hurt the economy of France.
Demise of Feudalism There were numerous factors involving the demise of Feudalism in Europe. All the different small problems added to the confusion and replacement of feudalism by The Renaissance. The concentration of power in the hands of a few was always a great disruptive force in the feudal system. The rise of powerful monarchs in France, Spain, and England broke down the local organization. One of the determining factors in the downfall of feudalism was the Hundred Years War.
These ideas were the main causes of the French Revolution as they directly affected the people to make them want to enter a state of revolution until new policies were instituted. The problems in France all started with their Ruler, Louis the XVI. Louis had entered France into a series of wars, which of course, cost money, and these wars were very expensive. France’s debt had also worsened by helping America fight the British. Louis was also a very indecisive ruler and allowed many matters to drift.
The first and main reason for the French Revolution was the terrible leadership of King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette. The peasants wanted to overthrow them as they made France bankrupt by overspending. He spent a little less that 228 million livres in the span of 15 years. King Louis had sent huge amounts of money, military equipment and soldiers to America during the American Revolution because he wanted to help them beat Britain. He also spent a lot of money to build his palace, the Versailles.