King Leonidas of Sparta

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Leonidas was born around 530 to 500 BC, and he was one of the sons of the Spartan king, Anaxandridas. Since his early childhood he was training to become a Hoplite Warrior. Hoplite Warriors were soldiers/citizens who were armed with a round shield, a spear, and an iron short sword. And this is what he originally intended upon being. (Leonidas, History, A&E) All children who were born in Sparta were put into military training at the young age of 7. They were taught that they would come home after a battle either with their shield or on it, implying either coming home successful after battle or dead and carried on their shield. Since Leonidas was initially not to become king he anticipated becoming a general in the army. So because he became the king he was not only a military general now but he was the military leader as well as the political leader. (Leonidas, Humanities360.) Anaxandridas died on 520 BC, and Cleomenes ruled from 520 or around 516 BC to 490 BC. In 489 BC he was considered insane by his people, and then deemed unfit as ruler. He was deemed the aforementioned due to the fact that he had been discovered plotting against his co-king. He had done this most likely to get complete power of Sparta. Although his death was ruled a suicide many modern historians dispute against this and say that they can’t be sure about it. (Cleomenes) Not to incredibly much is known about Leonidas’ early life because he was not originally first in line royalty. He was still seen as high up in the chain of command but just not constantly monitored by people. Ten years after the battle of Marathon in 490 BC Xerxes, who was the son of Darius, had assembled a great army of around twenty-five million men completed wit... ... middle of paper ... ...und that Leonidas was not only a great general and king who lead his men to the bitter end. He also proved himself to be honorable by not backing down from certain doom. He’s still remembered today for being not only a strong soldier but a great and tactful leader. Works Cited "Ephialtes of Trachis." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 26 Oct. 2013. Web. 26 Nov. 2013. "King Leonidas of Sparta (reigned C. 490 – 480 B.C.)." About.com Ancient / Classical History. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. "Leonidas." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 24 Nov. 2013. "Anaxandridas II." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 23 Nov. 2013. Web. 26 Nov. 2013. "Biography King Leonidas I of Ancient Sparta." By The Historian. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2013. "Leonidas, I." Encyclopedia of World Biography. Detroit: Gale, 1998. World History in Context. Web. 24 Nov. 2013.
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