Alexander The Great is one of the most accomplished generals and kings of any time throughout history. Alexander was born in Macedonia in 356 B.C., as a young child, he watched his father transform his country’s military into one of the best military’s. Alexander’s Father was King Phillip of Macedonia and his mother was Olympias, The princess of neighboring Epirus. Olympias was a very spiritual person that made sure her son knew who his ancestors were, like Achilles of Troy and the mythical warrior Hercules. Starting at an early age, he was trained both in education and military tactics to be a great and powerful leader and King. Alexander became focused on becoming a great ruler and a hero of his people, which he later would become.
The Roman army was the key to the supremacy of the small town between the Palatine and the Capitol. This dates from the monarchist era, suffered major changes during the republic, was the most impressive and imposing during the high empire finally produced the crisis under empire. This shows that the Roman army was not always of a particular mode, it also responds to questions from us because in many texts, for example, varies in number of legions, or the number varies because of the organization. This is because a number of people , as Servius Tullius , Camilo , Gaius Marius , Julius Caesar, Augustus, and others , who made his great contribution to forge what was the center of Roman power .
The initial population of Rome consisted of immigrants, refugees and fugitives from neighboring lands. Romulus took in these societal rejects and offered them a new starts; despite settling in the foreign land of a new city, these people accepted Romulus and the laws he laid out for them. These people were “the first step to [Rome’s] future greatness”(pg. 40). Along with laws, Romulus formed a means of governing the population through the one hundred-member senate based on patre status. Early attempts at alliances did not pan out, but after Rome’s victory over Veii, a truce was formed. Feasibly, Romulus’ most notable acts as the leader of Rome revolved around his military command. The victory over Caenina marked Rome’s first of many; Rome managed to defeat well-established cities like Antemnae, Sabine, and Fidenae, despite only being in its early stages. Under Romulus, the Roman army fought on, even though retreat proved to be the better option at times. The drive and strength of such a young force sealed the dominance of Rome for years to
During the Babylon conference following the death of Alexander the army expressed a great loyalty to the Argead dynasty and desire to preserve Alexander 's empire. The Generals Craterus and Meleager were both very popular with the army and used their influence to propose Phillip Arrhidaeus as the new king. Perdiccas was aware of Meleager 's popularity and thus appointed him as Hyparchos to appease the soldiers. At one point Perdiccas incorrectly suspected Ptolemy of aspiring to claim the whole empire, so he marched on Egypt with an army. The expedition failed embarrassingly with many soldiers drowning while trying to cross the nile and they ran out of supplies early. Ptolemy turned these soldiers against Perdiccas by providing them with food and supplies. They then murdered Perdiccas in his tent11. After decades of campaigning with Alexander the macedonian army were tired of fighting and just wanted a reward for their efforts and whichever successor could provide them with the most booty earned their favour12. War was central to the successor 's economies and the resources, allowing them to live in extreme luxury, flaunting their power. It was not mearly the fruits of war that commanded authority but also skill in waging war and military bravery. For Example in 317 at the battle of Paraitakene Antigonus and Eumenes both charged into battle in the front lines of their armies13. In
Xerxes was a man of power. The Great King of Persia, his empire encompassed the majority of the known world. On his invasion of Greece in the spring of 480BCE, he reportedly commanded a horde of over two million men. Even the Greek oracle at Delphi encouraged prudence in face of such an overwhelming force (7.140). Thus the question arises of why such an army failed to compel Greece into submission. I will explore this with focus on the key battles and the important factors, most notably the timing of the attack, the quality of his expeditionary force and Xerxes’ personal faults.
During his entire reign, Attalus maintained his position as the king against multiple enemies: Macedonians, Seleucids and Gauls etc. Many of them were much stronger than him territorially, politically and numerically. However, despite numerous setbacks he was able to establish the kingdom of Pergamum that was respected by both enemies and friends. Despite not having any legal claim on kingship from his birth, he was able to demonstrate by his achievements, especially military victories, that he was worthy of the throne. He was instrumental during the Macedonian wars because he was one of the key people that brought Roman help against Philip’s forces and helped Romans and Aetolian League to form alliance against Philip of Macedonia. He can be
Sophocles was one of the most influential writers of Ancient Greece. He was thought to be born around 496 B.C.E. in Colonus, near Athens Greece, and died at around 406 B.C.E. meaning that he only lived for about 90 years. He was born into a wealthy family, his father being Sophillius, and he was an amour manufacturer in the rural community
In the end greed and power was all the reason Rome needed to conquer Carthage and the rest of the Mediterranean territories. Thus making it one of the greatest military powers the world has ever known. It makes you wonder how the world would have been had Rome not try to dominate the world.
Hannibal, a Carthaginian general and one of the greatest generals that ever lived was renown for his strategies and courageousness, such as crossing the Alps and using the "bottleneck strategy" at Lake Trasemene. He used strategies that a lot of generals at this time, especially Roman generals, would never think of and in doing this he almost destroyed the Roman republic.
...pamitres, Xerxes was murdered in a most heinous fashion, and Artabanus had one of the royal princes, Darius, who was to succeed the throne, framed for the crime. With both the King and the Crown Prince dead, Artaxerxes, one of Xerxes’ sons, rose out of the midst and confusion and claimed the throne. Artabanus and his extended family were soon killed by Artexerxes in an act of vengeance, and it is to this day that we are ruled by him.