The chapter then goes on telling us about the different types of powers of our government and how it entitles the way we act in our society. In the end, the author, William Hudson tries to tell us how a Parliamentary System can be beneficial to us and why he should thinks we should start bridging that kind of government with our very
Compare and Contrast Locke and Rousseau The turmoil of the 1600's and the desire for more fair forms of government combined to set the stage for new ideas about sovereignty. Locke wrote many influential political pieces, such as The Second Treatise of Government, which included the proposal for a legislative branch of government that would be selected by the people. Rousseau supported a direct form of democracy in which the people control the sovereignty. (how would the people control the sovereignty??) Sovereignty is the supremacy or authority of rule.
Machiavelli and Rousseau, both influential philosophers, were innovators of their time. They represented different ideas on what the state of nature and government should consist of, having both similarities and differences. Their viewpoints evolved from different time periods, which make them unique. Machiavelli, the sixteenth century Italian diplomat expressed, that a Prince should be unethical in achieving power. He argued that to be successful in politics certain qualities were of importance and ethics could not stand in the way.
Evolution of Government During the 17th century, Europe went through political conversation regarding government structure. English philosopher Thomas Hobbes published his document Leviathan during the War of Religion. The War of Religion was a time period in which Europe was trying to establish its religion between Catholic and French Protestants and this process resulted in uproar throughout Europe. Hobbes was exposed to the conflicts of the War in England, which drastically changed his view of government and influenced him to relocate in France. Hobbes’s opinions about politics and government were far different from fellow English philosopher John Locke’s in his document Second Treatise of Government.
English philosopher Tomas Hobbes in his book the Leviathan described an ideal situation in which the government should coexist with the people. (The Columbia Encyclopedia, 2013). Hobbes described that a social contract or agreement existed where men abandoned a “state of nature” to form modern societies. (The Columbia Encyclopedia, 2013). French philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau further expanded on Hobbes’s social contract theory by stating that, “That the general will establishes a reciprocal duty of rights, privileges, and responsibilities as the basis of the state.”(The Columbia Encyclopedia, 2013).
Hobbes wrote Leviathan in 1651, which established the foundation for most of Western political philosophy from the perspective of social contract theory. Although, Locke’s writings influenced Voltaire, Rousseau and many Scottish Enlightenment thinkers, as well as the American revolutionaries. Locke contributions to classical republicanism and liberal theory are reflected in the United States Declaration of Independence. Both have influences todays political philosophy. Before looking at what type of Government is best, it’s important to know about human nature because gives us an idea of the type of people, who would have the power in Government.
Hobbes and Locke write their ideals, as a rise of capitalism is occurring in England. Through their texts, the nation’s structural change as well as equality, freedom, human rights, and democratic rule are conceptualized. Similarly, Rousseau publishes his work on the dawn of the French Revolution, asserting some of the key issues facing his society. Yet to fully understand the concerns of their modern men, the political philosophers retreat to their view on man’s natural state. Thomas Hobbes, the first of the philosophers to publish his work, had a special interest in the nature of man and society.
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke were seventeenth century political philosophers whose different beliefs stemmed from the different contexts in which each man lived. Hobbes, an aristocrat who lived through the English civil war, had to flee England, watch his monarch’s execution, and observes the violence of human nature at its very worst. Given this experience, his central concern was the need for absolute power to maintain peace and prevent another civil war. On the other hand, John Locke lived and wrote forty years later, after the Glorious Revolution. His ideas developed in the context of a period in which individual’s rights and power were emphasized.
This central idea is underlined foremost through the use of contrast between the way the citizens of the World State and John the Savage talk. The manner in which John expresses his emotions allows the readers to view the rules of the government from an outsider 's perspective. Moreover, the repetition of the hypnopaedic phrases throughout the novel provides a constant reminder of the control that the World State has on its people. Finally, the exchange between Mustapha Mond and John gives the readers the opportunity to question the values placed on society and find reason behind the decisions of authority. Essentially, in Brave New World, Huxley effectively uses dialogue to highlight the suppression that the World State has on the freedom of society.
John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were both great political philosophers who influenced modern history. Thomas Hobbes was born in England in April of 1588. He is well known for his book Leviathan and for his views on politics and society. He fled to Paris in the late 1640s leaving England because of hard times. The civil war was occurring at that time.