As "final," Islam is God's final revelation of prophetic religion, in fulfillment of all that had preceded. Moses was given the Law; David was given the Psalms; Jesus was given the Gospel. Judaism offers God's message of justice, and Christianity proclaims the love of God. To Mohammed (570-632 A.D.; spelled in a variety of ways) the God of Abraham and Jesus revealed the Qur'an (Arabic for "recital," sometimes written Koran). The Qur'an, written in Arabic, is the Sacred Scripture of Islam, the perfection of all previous divine revelations, and is to be understood literally as the direct words of God.
Regarding fulfillment, the New Testament writers have identified Jesus Christ as the Messiah. They believed that the prophecies from the Hebrew Bible have been performed by Jesus and that He was sent by God. First of all, God told Abram in Genesis 12:3 that the world would be blessed through him. A Messianic prophecy was that the Messiah would be a descendent of Abraham, from the tribe of Judah, and also from King David. The genealogy of Jesus in Matthew 1:2-6 reveals that He descended from Abraham, Judah, and King David.
Islam identifies the angel Gabriel from whom the revelation to Mohammad came from as the Holy Spirit. The central message of the Gospel is that, Jesus the messiah, Son of God, was crucified and died for our sins but conquered death and was resurrected to heaven. The Qur’an’s central message is that there is only one God,Allah, and Muhammad is the last prophet and Messenger of God. Christians worship Jesus as a God while Muslims honor Mohammad as a prophet. Islam agrees that Jesus was indeed, born of a virgin, the Messiah, and a great
The last of these prophets was Muhammad. His life is used as a foundation for Muslims to see how they are supposed to live and to help explain the teachings of the holy book of Islam, which is called Holy Qur’an. These teachings are said to have been revelations that Muhammad received that confirmed the God’s unity and the direct life in the world. Although both religions believe in monotheism, Judaism is based on an absolute deity called Yahweh. The beginning of the Jewish religion and the creation of the world is told throughout the Tanakh or the Hebrew Bible.
One of God's most important messengers was Abraham (Arabic, Ibrahim), who was called by God to leave his home in Ur (in present-day Iraq). Abraham (whose name means "Father of Many Nations") is revered in the scriptures of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam as the ideal model of pure faith in the one true God. Abraham... ... middle of paper ... ...aled through the use of the first person plural ("we"). The original, divine version of the earthly book is considered coeternal with God, either in heaven or in the mind of God. Translations into other languages, removed from sacred Arabic words and sounds, are not the literal word of God, and are classified as interpretations.
Primary Beliefs and Faith Traditions: Islam is a monotheistic (mono=one theistic=god) faith tradition and its roots go back to the days of the Patriarchs of the Old Testament; the days of Abraham. The word “Islam” in Arabic means peace, purity, obedience and total submission and commitment to the one and only God, and to His laws. The Arabic word for God is Allah; therefore Islam describes and attitude: the attitude of total submission to the will of Allah. Essentially, a Muslim is anyone who submits to the will of Allah. Islam teaches that everything in creation – plants, animals, mountains, hills, rivers, deserts, streams, oceans and people were created “Muslim”.
Islam is a religion that was founded in the year 622 AD by the prophet Mohammed. Mohammed founded the religion in the city of Mecca, in what is now present day Saudi Arabia. The God of Islam is referred to as Allah, which means the one true god. The holy book of Islam is the Qu'ran, which is considered to be the words of Allah as revealed to Mohammed. Islam is an Arabic word that means to submit.
Islam is often viewed as a religious tradition which originates from the seventh century. An important part of Islam is based on the prophet Muhammad, and the great revelations in which he received from God, according to the Quran. However, it is most important to realize that Muslims do not view Islam as a new religion. Muslims believe that Allah is the same God who revealed himself to Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. Therefore, Jews, Christians, and Muslims are all followers of the same living God.
These two combined, form the Islamic creed. I- The Articles of Faith The term monotheism is significant to Islam, meaning that a belief in only one God. The first article of faith in Islam is the belief that there is no deity but God (Allah) and that Muhammad is the messenger of God. A belief in a number of gods or in the extension of God’s spirituality to any person is strongly forbidden. Islam rejects the human points that the Christians and Jews added to their doctrines, such as the incarnation of God.
Christians view Jesus as the son of God and part of the Holy Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit). They believe Jesus to be the incarnation of God in the flesh who was sent to Earth to atone for man’s sins. In fact, because of this belief that Jesus was a divine being, Christianity, the once small sect of Judaism, manifested into its own religion incorporating Christ’s teachings. Specifically, Christians see Jesus as the Messiah that was promised in the Old Testament, whereas Jews don’t and are still awaiting for him to come. Muslims consider Jesus as one of the prophets of God, interestingly he was the last prophet before Muhammad.