A Midsummer Night's Dream: Texts and Contexts. Ed. Gail Kern Paster, and Skiles Howard. Boston and New York: Bedford/St. Martin's, 1999.
eds. Andrea A. Lunsford and John J. Ruszkiewicz, NY: Bedford/ St.Martins, 2000, 93-103. Rich, Adrienne. What Does a Woman Need to Know? The Presence of Others.
New York: W.W. Norton & Co., 2000. 2153-2214.
New policies and laws were established to help reverse the detriment to ethnic groups through years of injustice and prejudice. But is it right to limit other races to advance another? Are we using racism to stop racism? Although equal rights policies were established through what became known as “affirmative action” and have assisted in the advancement of many minority groups, affirmative action today is wrong and should be revised or stopped altogether. Affirmative action is an instituted list of policies to make up for past discrimination against groups based on race, religion, national origin, and gender.
The Presence of Others. Andrea A. Lunsford and John J. Ruszkiewicz. New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2000. 95-103.
As the remedy to the inequality of minority group such as African American and Hispanic accessing to the same social opportunity with majority group, the Affirmative Act is presented and enacted by government. The idea is to keep the percentage of racial variety always balanced in many social opportunities. The two major opportunities that are directly affected by the Affirmative Act are the education and workplace. By forcing school and firm to save certain percentage of students or workers of minority group to access to school and firm, the affirmative Act really try to control the opportunity in education and job to vary social groups. However, the Affirmative Act requires the flexibility in planning and managing to how the minority group really will be rewarded with this privilege.