Mills continues to set out what he believes and ideal and good social science. The significant points to focus on is agency as well as history, and the avoidance of adhering to just one theory or methodology. Furthermore, he stresses that social scientists should focus on one particular area entirely, instead of focusing on other fields such as economics, sociology and psychology. Mills views a living human being as an agent of the individuals me lieu as well as a creature. This is seen as one of the important factors that tend to be ignored in social science (Giddens: 1991).
First, it has the objective of describing the social world in the most possible detailed way. Second, Sociology can help to understand the social world and what why and how specific patterns happen. Third, the use of Sociology to influence and improve the social world in which human beings live. Finally, sociology offers a distinctive way of seeing and understanding the social world. To make it possible, sociologists have needed to develop sociological imagination, which is the sociological way to look at the world and make connections between individual issues and trends that are present in the whole society.
Social theory allows for sociologists to question all aspects of society and develop theories as to why certain human behaviors occur. Therefore, studying social theory helps to explain these theories and allows people to understand its importance. A great example of this understanding would be with Emile Durkheim’s theory of The Division of Labor in Society. This theory creates an insight on how modern society is not held together by people’s similarities but rather though the division of labor. According to the textbook, Sociological Theory, “it is the division of labor itself that pulls people together by forcing them to be dependent on each other, and that the economic services that it can render are insignificant compared with the moral effect that it produces and its true function is to create between two or more people a feeling of solidarity” (Ritzer & Siepnisky, 2011, p. 85).
What is the sociology? “Sociology us simply defined as the scientific study of human life, social groups, whole societies and the human world as such.” (Giddens, 2013, p. 4). “Sociology is the scientific study of human social life”, “Sociology specializes in the study of human societies”, “Sociology is the study of group behaviour and social interaction, rather than the study of the individual as such”. “Sociology is the systematic study of human relations.” (Goode, 1977, p. 4). In other words sociology is studying the behaviour of societies as a whole and understanding the society as a whole, it’s seeing the world from a different view.
The term Sociology can be defined as a study of society, “the ology” of human inter-action within the collective (society). The Sociological Imagination C. Wright Mills (1916-1962) believes that sociology is the most reflective subject there is. Sociology can be used for practical purposes to identify and understand social problems. Sociologists try to study society from an objective, impartial and unbiased position. The study of sociology differs from a common sense view point, as it challenges what is accepted as normal.
What is Sociology one might ask, Sociology is the study of human behaviour, collective action, interaction, and the consequences of these behaviours, actions and interactions. We study sociology. “ Things are not what they seem”, Peter Berger. Was a famous statement and the of sociology ams to prove it. Sociologists aim to “look behind curtains” to understand the complexity of society.
This was an intriguing discussion of the sociological perspective because it discussed how ordinary people might go about debunking the truths of their societies. Examples of researching newspapers, talking to authorities, and questioning preset customs and definitions, much in the way we can redefine the concept of "love", makes sense when superimposed upon a living society like ours. Berger identified the methodological nature of the sociological perspective in that it is not a distinct way of seeing others, but a means to examine others through a multifaceted scope. Although it can be difficult, this method is common and can be seen in people's attempts to understand the significance behind various personal situations. For example, when speaking to a significant other one might realize tension in their voice.
Using methods from common sense and ideology is what differentiates both social and natural science from non-science. Respectable sociology is logically derived from experiential proof (McNeill and Chapman, 2005: Pg.185). "The purpose of Sociology is the scientific study of human society through the investigation of people’s social behaviour". Giner ("Sociology", 1972) “Scientism is a term to suggest the firm application of the principles of science to the social world, so that an inflexible and inappropriate sociology is developed.” (Lawson, Garrod and Lawson, 2001: Pg. 446.)
Explain the difference between a “common sense” and a “sociological” view of human behaviour, giving relevant examples. Sociology is a social science that enables people to understand the structure and dynamics of society. By using a scientific approach, and by critically analysing society using qualitative and quantitative methods, sociologists can find patterns and connections within human behaviour to provide explanations of how society affects people. Sociological views are based on theories that have been tested through unbiased research and attempt to take all values into account. Common sense theories are generally individualistic and naturalistic assumptions that are based on opinions than can vary depending on an individuals class or cultural background.
Sternheimer argues that a sociological perspective will help us better understand the social processes behind things we might take for granted. According to Sternheimer, why is “who we hang out with” more than just personal choice? (1-2