Certain things shape us; such as our values, gender, the people in our lives, where we live, and how people around us act. The sociological imagination is all about seeing the outcome and how things influence each other. As biographical aspects shape us, so do historical aspects. How our earlier generations where brought up may have played a huge role in who we are today. Everyone’s history makes them who they are.
Marx’s economic argument is that the workers alwa... ... middle of paper ... ...aid that a multitude of factors lead to the determination of class. Also highlighted through these theories is social inequality within society as a result of its capitalist nature. Overall, socio-economic status can be viewed as a determinant of class highlighting the importance of both these social phenomena to society. References Holmes, D., Julian, R., Hughes, K., (2012). Australian Sociology: A Changing Society.
“Marx had two fundamental insights. The first was the importance of economic forces in shaping human society. The second insight was the dynamic nature of capitalism in its own right.” (Portes, 2017) These insights are what allow the class conflict to develop and continue to exist. They are also a reason that conflict theory is so prevalent within society regarding human social behavior. Marx’s class conflict theory within economic and political setting gave birth to the conflict theory within sociology.
Karl Marx believed that the mode of production was the defining element of any period in history, and he called this economic structure the base of that society. In fact, he believed that the ideas and culture of a given stage were derived from the mode of production. He referred to ideas and culture as the ‘superstructure’, which grew up from the more fundamental economic ‘base’. According to Marx, the inequitable control over factors of production and property leads to creation of ‘class’, and these classes will have clashing interests, which will inevitably leed to conflict. This concept of ‘Class Conflict’ is intrinsic to Marxist Theory.
Karl Marx saw two sides to society, the capitalists and the workers. He also thought that there would be a day when the workers would get tired of working for the capitalists so they would join together in order to overthrow them. Marx’s theory of different social classes became instrumental in creating a sociological perspective known as the conflict theory. Émile Durkheim created the first Sociology course and he was the first to combine science with sociology. He had a functionalist view of society and believed that every part of society, good or bad, had a purpose in society.
Sociology is applied widely in the Meritocracyzation and social interaction setup because it forms the base upon which conversation are created and exchanged. For a social interaction to happen, the individuals involved should know the social backgrounds of each other so that they can know how to address it. The study of people’s behaviors (sociology) contributes greatly enhancing a social interaction. On the other hand, sociology enhances that power is passed on and vested in the rightful way in the society (Stolte, Fine & Cook, 2001). Meritocracy involves given power and credit where it is deserved.
First, it has the objective of describing the social world in the most possible detailed way. Second, Sociology can help to understand the social world and what why and how specific patterns happen. Third, the use of Sociology to influence and improve the social world in which human beings live. Finally, sociology offers a distinctive way of seeing and understanding the social world. To make it possible, sociologists have needed to develop sociological imagination, which is the sociological way to look at the world and make connections between individual issues and trends that are present in the whole society.
Sociology is the study of interactions between people and social organizations, social behavior, and the origins, organization, and development of human society—basically, the study of human society (Russ). By better understanding society, we become more influential forces in driving its progress. To better understand society requires several tools: a sociological eye and a sociological imagination. The eye sees “beneath the surface of society” to understand what makes it tick (Korgen 1). Culture plays a role in nearly all aspects of our lives.
Areas of Study Paper Felicia Gonzalez 8/4/2014 What exactly is social science? Social science means understanding our own society and civilizations around the world through different timespans. Social science ranks just as high as importance as its physical science counterparts because at its core we seek to understand how humans behave and interact. It is valuable to consider how humans can improve their standard of living, their health, even their economic situation. Social science looks into the dynamics how these improvements take place and transforms through the ages.
Non-cognitive variables in older persons were able to be predicted based on the recent cognitive aging. The interest in this is the variables that can predict age differences in cognitive performance. Cognitive performance in older age is classified as contextual variables, also known as biomarkers. Environmental context in biological development influences are context variables including mental activity, health, physical activity, education, and personality (Anstey 605). Influences have direct implications for life style variables that can be manipulated in order to improve cognitive outcomes in older age.