The Second World War began in September of 1939 and was between the Allies and the Axis. It began with Germany’s unprovoked attack and conquest of Poland, and involved Britain and France from the beginning. Its origins lay in German resentment at the terms of the Treaty of Versailles (1919), the economic crisis of 1929-30, which favored the rise to power of Fascist dictators, the failure of the League of Nations to gain international acceptance for disarmament, and the policy of imperialism adopted by Germany, Italy and Japan as a means of acquiring raw materials and markets. As a part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany had to accept full responsibility for the First World War, which then led up to the outbreak of the Second. The reparations chapter of the Treaty of Versailles was universally condemned in Germany.
What were the causes of the Second World War? What had led to what is considered to be the largest genocide in the history of mankind? What led Germany to attack Poland in 1939, beginning the Second World War? Two causes of the Second World War, were the Treaty of Versailles, written by the victors of the First World War, and the rise of the fascist movement in Germany. The leader, chosen to led the German people, and enforce the Nazi values was Adolf Hitler.
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The twentieth century was a time period characterized by conflicting ideologies and great dissension among countries; it also marked the onset of World War One in 1914. The origins of the "Great War," as the First World War has been called are open to a myriad of insightful and distinct interpretations. However, one interpretation which many historians alike have affirmed is that decisions were made by human beings; "They made them in fear and in trembling, but they made them nonetheless" (Stoessinger 2). More specifically, the diplomatic decisions made by European leaders in crucial events subsequent to the death of Franz Ferdinand initiated the Great War. The first crucial step in the triggering of the Great War can be looked at with respect to the German vow to support the Austrian position on Serbia.
That war, World War II, appeared to have its origins in unresolved disputes from the first war. This raises the question of whether or not the treaty and the war have a strong connection, as Foch predicted they would. While historians do not all agree on the matter, a slight majority argues that the Treaty of Versailles had a pronounced impact on bringing about the war. The treaty enacted unnecessarily rigorous punishments on Germany that greatly angered its citizens to desire retribution. Those injustices provided the perfect arena for the National Socialists, or Nazis, to rise to power in Germany, and inevitably started World War II.
The effects of the cold war were definitely felt globally and had an aftermath that is still portrayed in our society. It essentially started off with clash of ideologies and tension with the rivalry for power between the two superpowers and following that a few misinterpreted events leading to the outbreak of the cold war. The cold war triggered many events such as civil wars or rebellions, which all had connections with the superpowers. Prior to the cold war it is important to understand the clash of ideologies that resulted in the tension between the two superpowers and how it came to be on a global scale, and how it became one of the main factors made the cold war long lasting. Firstly we will examine why the cold war can truly be a global war and then why it can’t be.
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Germany and its citizens continued to be punished when the peace negotiations took place. The peace negotiations forced Germany to accept full responsibility for the war and required it to pay a large amount of money in reparations. These negotiations are important because the allied powers knew the requirements would be difficult for Germany to adhere to. It shows how even off the battle field the allied powers were determined to destroy Germany. Analyzing the events prior to 1914 and the events that occurred from 1914 to 1918 is important because it explains the ways in which World War I was a total war.