In the year 1750, the industrial revolution, also an improvement in technology began in Great Britain and spread globally. The access to trade, wealth, education, resources and population caused the industrial revolution to begin in Great Britain. While the industrial revolution caused a longer life span and harsh punishments, it also caused fatal accidents, ending in death and greater number of deaths in younger children. The industrial revolution was composed of many positive effects. People had longer life expectancy and working conditions were tolerable. A longer life span at birth, improved over the years for cities in England. Life expectancy at birth increased from the 1850s to the 1890s in West Derby as shown in Document 4. Having a longer life expectancy increases chance to work longer. This was good for overseers and workers who had families to support. “I think that the factory is the best place for me and if …show more content…
“In vain, the child declared he was not in his power to move quicker. He was beaten by the over looker, with great severity”, as described in Document 3. If the task was not done as stated in Document 3, beatings or other harsh punishments were done to the workers. In Document 4, young women were fastened to gaols, nude, in the cold for days. Although most punishments happened to young boys and men, women could be punished also. The larger group of male and female workers ranged from ages 11-21. The percent of younger child deaths also began to increase over time. From table 3, deaths of children aged 0-5 increased from the 1700s to the 1800s. Younger children are prone to early death due to the labor. For example, some children had to work in cramped mines. As table 2 states, there were more male workers aged 11-16, than female workers. Although males and females can do equal amounts of labor, males are more prepared to handle difficult tasks. This can also lead to deaths because females are less
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What effects did the Industrial Revolution have on American? The Industrial Revoultion affected America socially, politcally, and financally . Throughout that time era there were many postive and negative effects from the revolution. Many people visualized it as a new opportunity and others critized the encroahment of the heavy industry onto both nature, and society. The Industrial Revolution was a big turning point in American history. Before the Industrial Revolution America was really slow with mass production. Almost everyone farmed, after the industrial revolution more people lived in cities and worked in factories than ever before. Cities population sky rocketed which caused for cities to be more crowded, which prompted the rise of better transportation, land speculation, real estate boom. The standard of living rose tremendasly. It changed the whole outlook for families who had too move to the city so that they could work. It was one of the main contributions to the growth of cities. Early Industries were not too fond of their workers either so this also led to the rise of labor unions til this day they still exist. The Industrial Revolution was all about making things easier and faster in mass produce.
In the late eighteenth century, the Industrial Revolution made its debut in Great Britain and subsequently spread across Europe, North America and the rest of the world. These changes stimulated a major transformation in the way of life, and created a modern society that was no longer rooted in agricultural production but in industrial manufacture. Great Britain was able to emerge as the world’s first industrial nation through a combination of numerous factors such as natural resources, inventions, transport systems, and the population surge. It changed the way people worked and lived, and a revolution was started. As stated by Steven Kreis in Lecture 17, “England proudly proclaimed itself to be the "Workshop of the World," a position that country held until the end of the 19th century when Germany, Japan and United States overtook it.”
Chandler Smith Coach McDaniel US History 5 May 2014 Technology and Industrial Growth: Second Industrial Revolution With the conclusion of the Civil War, the United States turned their focus on rebuilding railroad and telegraph networks in the South, completing those of the North, and expanding those of the West. Once the depression of the 1870s had completely diminished, the stage was set for the Second Industrial Revolution. Also known as the Technological Revolution, this was a phase of the larger Industrial Revolution that lasted from around the middle of the 1800s into the early 20th century. Most tend to believe it began around the time of the introduction of Bessemer steel in the 1860s and concluded around the arrival of the production line, mass production, and factory electrification. The Second Industrial Revolution was characterized by a few different things, including: the large scale iron and steel production, construction of railroads, increase in use of manufacturing machinery, improved use of steam power, and by electrical communications.
During the late 18th and early 19th centuries, Great Britain went through change in all phases of life with the industrial revolution. Scientific improvements and technological modernizations brought growing industrial and agricultural production. The biggest changes were in rural areas, where the local land sometimes became urban and industrialized because of advances in agriculture and industry.
The Industrial Revolution was a fundamental change in the production of goods that altered the life of the working class. Similar to most other historical turning points, it had skeptics, or people that doubted the change, and fanatics, people who saw the value in the change being made. The Industrial Revolution and the period that followed shortly after highlight these varying opinions, as people were more conflicted than ever about the costs of industrialization. While Industrialization started in England as an attempt to capitalize on the good fortune they had struck, it quickly developed into a widespread phenomenon that made the product of goods more exact and controlled by higher level people. Many industries, such as the cotton and textile
Young girls were not allowed to open the windows and had to breathe in the dust, deal with the nerve-racking noises of the machines all day, and were expected to continue work even if they 're suffering from a violent headache or toothache (Doc 2). The author of this report is in favor of employing young women since he claimed they seemed happy and they loved their machines so they polished them and tied ribbons on them, but he didn 't consider that they were implemented to make their awful situations more bearable. A woman who worked in both factory and field also stated she preferred working in the field rather than the factory because it was hard work but it never hurt her health (Doc 1), showing how dangerous it was to work in a factory with poor living conditions. Poor living conditions were common for nearly all workers, and similar to what the journalist saw, may have been overlooked due to everyone seeming
The Industrial Revolution is thought to have started in Britain, and broaden quickly to Western European countries as in North America. The mid-18th Century AD was an era of big industrial modernization with economic and social consequences for the whole world. The industrialization that started in Britain, and which was at first most outstanding in its agricultural field, helped the country to significantly improve the standard of living of the people though definitely not all of its population.
The industrial revolution caused a general shift from traditional gender roles in the household to woman being forced into dangerous working conditions.The widespread employment of woman gave head way to profond social change that occurred in the erra.The employment of woman gave way to the new generation acceptance of woman in the workplace.Contrary to the rigid social structure of Victorian england Factories were not in compliance with the strict social edquite.At the time of the revolution queen victoria had begun to dictate social edicte that was especially demanding of young woman, but in these factories and mine little social edict was seen,prompting many wealthy victorians to be appalled by the conditions.
As centuries flew by many changes has began to settle in and the fact being that many civilization thrived because of these changes. However year and years have followed a new time period has took over. That time period was the Industrial Revolution. The industrial Revolution was a period between the 18th and 19th century. Major changes in agriculture and manufacturing had took the world by storm with the United Kingdom kick starting the Revolution. However with success comes setbacks and many people who worked struggled to meet the needs of supply and demand. The price of wood had began to increase because the supply was limited. “ The shortage of wood was very serious.Wood was the main fuel for cooking. It was essential for ship-building….”(Document
For example, John Birley experience was the following, “But before we were examined we were washed and cleaned up and ordered to tell them we liked working at the mill and were well treated… we answered as we had been told, not daring to do any other, knowing what would happen if we told them the truth.” (Doc C). Children were threatened to lie to the officials, so factory, mill, etc. owners wouldn’t be stripped of their cheap labor: children. Not only were they being threatened, but they were full of so much fear to what would happen if they were to tell the truth. They were aware of the punishments they could receive, meaning they had seen the punishments take place before and frequently. Another mistreatment children faced, according to “Children Who Built Victorian Britain: Part 2”, was sexual abuse. Children seemed vulnerable to the people that were in charge of them; therefore, they were taken advantage of and didn’t have a source of
The Industrial Revolution, which was a change from “domestic” work to new factories and machinery that began in England, took place during the 18th and 19th centuries. Women and children worked in farming, so when England “upgraded” to factories, they also “upgraded” their jobs. Women worked in harsh conditions, practically lived without seeing their children, and for long hours.
Industrial revolution which is regarded as the starting point of the modern world, began in the late 18th century in Britain and it is a major turning point in the human history. Since then, an unprecedented transformation began to change our daily life in almost every aspect. However, most people lived in countryside and made their living by farming before that time, what made Britain so special and what are the major factors that made Britain to be the beginning place of the industrial revolution? On the other hand, N. F. R. Crafts (1977, p.431) said that, “It will be assumed that in the mid-eighteenth century France and England were both growing economies with significant amounts of small-scale manufacturing activity.” So why is it not first take place in France? In fact, the industrial revolution in Britain did not just happen in the 1760, it had been an ongoing process for many years before, and this was mainly because of earlier revolutions in the 17th and 18th centuries. Moreover, Britain had enjoyed political stability and economic prospering for a long period and this had sown their seeds for later success in the end of 19th century. Basically, the coming together of many factors in the late 18th century had created a unique environment to Britain for the first industrial revolution to take place.
... increased. Hiring adults decreased the profit for the factory and most adult workers couldn’t fit into the small spaces in-between the machinery. The only option was child labour. Their rights as well as the rights of the adult workers were improved with the passing of the Factory Act. The sudden concentration of workers in cities caused diseases to spread. Diseases were being transferred from human to human in the cramped living spaces and spread by water or animals such as rats. In 1848 when the Public Health Act was passed, it created a Board of Health in each city to look after and stop the spread of diseases. The Industrial Revolution may have caused many problems which meant Acts and laws had to be passed (and then monitored, regulated and enforced created more work for the government of the day), but without them, we wouldn’t have many of today’s luxuries.
The Industrial Revolution had a big impact on politics, society, and the economy. The industrial revolution caused urbanisation as most people lived in rural areas prior to the revolution, when many people moved to the city, leading to growth of cities. This was due to the increase of employment, that the revolution brought, which consisted of working at factories near the city. People also moved to the city as this was where the water and railways were, which helped in the marketing of the finished goods, and the city was also used for banking and marketing. The Industrial revolution also changed the standard of living as people living in factory towns usually lived in cheap, crowded tenements, whereas people in mining towns usually lived in rows of identical cottages. This poor living standard was due to bad bricks and the shortage of machinery for public sanitation. The industrial revolution also started the working class. This class referred to anyone (men, women and children) who were industrial workers in mines, pottery works and textile mills. People like artisans were also degraded to this class as new machines were mass producing products, replacing the people.