In the novella Heart of Darkness and the collection of poems Native Guard, Trethewey and Conrad depict vivid images of decaying corpses and bodies to show society’s ability to manipulate justice. Natasha Trethewey uses descriptive imagery of bodies to describe personal and historical unjustifiable acts, specifically through racism and abuse. In the poem “What Is Evidence”, Tretheway depicts her mother’s brutal injuries in order to demonstrate the injustice of her mother’s abusive relationship. Trethewey's mother hides her “fleeting bruises” and her “splintered clavicle, pierced temporal,” so her daughter will not carry the burden of her own abuse by her husband. Specifically choosing to hide the wounds, Trethewey shows her mother’s attempt to protect her daughter from experiencing any of the …show more content…
Trethewey describes her mother’s bones as “thin” to exhibit the result of her step-father’s abuse. Trethewey spends the rest of the section in her collection discussing the death of her mother. Rather than the concept of justice rewarding the mother for her sacrifices and correcting the crime that was thrust upon her, Trethewey’s step-father captures justice for himself by murdering his ex-wife leaving Trethewey without her mother in the unjust world. Furthermore, Trethewey’s personal life interacts with history when discussing the issue of racism. In the poem “Southern Gothic”, Trethewey describes a scene of racism and verbal abuse by using words with a negative connotation to describe a body. At just 51 years of age, Trethewey’s race was deemed illegal when she was born in 1966 in Mississippi. The descriptive words of the body demonstrate the triviality of the situation. A person cannot change their body; therefore, they cannot change the color of their skin. Trethewey uses phrases like “cold lips stitched shut”, “expression of grief”, “language of blood”, and “muck of ancestry” in order to describe the constant verbal abuse and ignorant insults she received due to the
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The core principles of Applied Behavior Analysis were seen in several of this weeks required readings, appearing in all or multiple sources. Their definitions varied in each reading, all providing more clarification upon the previous. The first term, applied, refers to the "commitment to affecting improvements" in the field. (Cooper 16) Baer, Wolf and Risley said that whether or not something is applied is determined "by the interest which society shows in the problems being studied." (Baer 92) Both sets of authors emphasize that importance of the practitioner taking ownership in dictating how important it is to change the designated behavior. Also, the importance the behavior holds in society, because many of them represent the clients
Natasha Trethewey uses descriptive imagery of bodies to describe personal and historical unjustifiable acts, specifically through racism and abuse. In the poem “What Is Evidence”, Tretheway depicts her mother’s brutal injuries in order to demonstrate the injustice of her mother’s abusive relationship. Trethewey's mother hides her “fleeting bruises” and her “splintered clavicle, pierced temporal,” so her daughter will not carry the burden of her own abuse by her husband. Specifically choosing to hide the wounds, Trethewey shows her mother’s attempt to protect her daughter from experiencing any of the pain, physical and emotional, that she constantly feels. Trethewey describes her mother’s bones as “thin” to exhibit the result of her step-father’s
The Heart of Darkness, a complex text was written by Joseph Conrad around the 19th century, when Europeans were colonizing Africa for wealth and power and were attempting to spread their culture and religion in Africa. It was also a period in which women were not allowed to participate in worldly affairs. Therefore, the text deals with issues such as racism, European imperialism, and misogyny. This essay will look at the different themes in the novel and argue whether or not The Heart of Darkness is a work of art.
The dark nature of the past she feels so connected to is what makes her poetry so powerful and good at capturing the way others were treated based on social and cultural norms at the time. It is difficult to determine what Trethewey believes the future of America and more specifically Mississippi will look like, but it is evident in her writing that it’s history is incredibly significant. Trethewey’s parents broke the law in Mississippi by going to be married in Ohio and then moving back as explained in her poem, “Miscegenation.” Eventually they had Trethewey, who is a biracial woman, and because of the laws in Mississippi her existence was essentially illegal. She was not supposed to exist under Mississippi law and that speaks to the culture
In Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness, something is always contrasted against something else. Within the title itself, the contrast of light and dark is made. Throughout the book, the contrast is made between good and evil, between the pilgrims and the cannibals that Marlow encounters. Using the ironic opposition of the pilgrims and the cannibals will present a way into a post-colonial analysis of the book.
Asking the right questions is indeed an art form . It is however an even bigger burden to try to answer from an analytical presepective these subjective questions which inspire answers and explanations to the ultimate “why” and “how” . As readers we are obligated to carry with us an open mind, an analytical eye and room for suggestive arguments when trying to dissect a piece of writing. Joseph Conrad's novella Heart of Darkness offers the perfect platform for interpretation. With a dozen shades of foggy gray's, the short story is begging for a set of eyes that can see it through. Without proceeding too far into the novella, one can draw out a great deal of analytical suggestions as to what the title itself implies. The word Darkness seems to be a consistent theme throughout the book. So much so, that the amount of weight it carries has given it a special place on the cover. Many critics have found common ground on deciphering the interpretation of the word .The concept of darkness could be respresenting evil. However, some significant subjective questions remain unaswered: Exaclty which character in the novella has fallen victim to this evil? Is it Conrad himself, Marlow, Kurtz or the natives? All of them? Are there different forms in which this evil can manifest itself? Is it talking about darkness in the literal or figurative sense? Would we be considered naïve if we thought evil could be contained or is darkness a necessary evil we all posses and an undeniable part of our reality?
There are many things to learn from this article written by Donald Baer, Montrose Wolf, and Todd Risley. It is a very informing article in which you can learn about the current dimensions of applied behavior analysis. The seven dimensions mentioned are: applied, behavioral, analytic, technological, conceptually systematic, effective, and generality.
I will discuss the similarities by which these poems explore themes of death and violence through the language, structure and imagery used. In some of the poems I will explore the characters’ motivation for targeting their anger and need to kill towards individuals they know personally whereas others take out their frustration on innocent strangers. On the other hand, the remaining poems I will consider view death in a completely different way by exploring the raw emotions that come with losing a loved one.
There are many challenges and ethical dilemmas that can arise when working in the behavioral field, the present paper reviews different ethical dilemmas that a Behavioral Analyst can encounter when working with clients and how according to the BCBA guidelines these dilemmas can be solved. Legal and socio-cultural aspects have being included in this paper.
Behavioral psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on the study and alteration of people's behaviors, including their actions, emotions and thoughts. ... Techniques that may be applied include cognitive restructuring, behavioral modeling and, most commonly, classical and operant conditioning. John B. Watson is known for establishing the psychological school of behaviorism. He along with B.F. Skinner suggested that environmental influences such as parental approval and social customs shape us into wanting certain things and not wanting others (Rathus, S. A.). Reinforcing good behavior and punishing bad behavior is common within society. Behaviorism studies behaviors that can be measured or observed (Y). Positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement are used in behaviorism. An example would be if a behavior has been good and tasks assigned have been completed, then positive reinforcement is rewarded. If behavior has been poor and tasks assigned have not been completed then negative reinforcement is rewarded, maybe by taking something of value from that person until they complete tasks. Behavioral was placed second because I felt it flowed well behind Social Cognitive in addressing positive and negative
The use of darkness in the title of Conrad’s work immediately alludes to it’s relevance to the story, but in an unexpected way. While the contrast of light and dark, white and black, and good and evil is a common theme in his novella, Conrad essentially reverses the meanings of the two. Conrad’s story is about the penetration of a corru...
With negative reinforcement, when the students act politely, I would basically take something away from them that they had a negative attitude towards in the first place. If there is a student in the class who has a particularly bad habit of talking back to me and making up his own rules, then by using negative reinforcement, my goal would be to encourage him to behave more politely, like by not talking back. So, if this student displays polite behavior such as following my rules instead of his own on three separate occasions, then he will not have to complete one homework assignment. I believe that this method could be applied to other situations as well, like telling the students that they do not have to complete a homework assignment if they answer questions calmly and by raising their hands on three separate occasions, as mentioned before. When using negative reinforcement, the students will want to have less of something they see as negative, like homework, so they should behave more
The main literary mechanism Conrad employs in “Heart of Darkness” is the characterization of Death itself. In which Death, and how it is described and alluded to, reveals the central idea of the wrongful justification of Imperialism. To illustrate this idea, the main narrator of the story --Marlow-- shares the tale of his adventures
The main subset of Applied Behavior Analysis is “Stimulus, Operant conditioning, positive reinforcement and punishment and consequences” Stimulus is events and the relationship it has on the Individual Behavior. The relationship of stimulus can be revealed through a method behavior analyst call the ABCs analysis. The more formal term for this method is called “Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence” analysis. The stimulus is represented by the antecedent (events prior to the occurred, behavior) and the Consequence. (Events that precedes a behavior). Behavior Analysis believes these are imperative to understanding behavior and the influence of events. Furthermore, the term operant conditioning behavior corresponds to the stimuli of the consequence. Moreover, the Consequence that precedes a behavior can be positive or negative. The significance of these stimuli is the ability to influence and affect the contingency of the individual target behavior.
When writers write, it is often to convey a deeper meaning or truth to it readers. With this in mind, we should first take the book at face value then analysis the story to see the point that the writer revels. In The Heart of Darkness, Joseph Conrad does this very well. The story goes from what we originally thought as just a story of a journey into Africa to a story of indeed a journey to the hearts of men. Conrad’s truth in The Heart of Darkness is multi-layered in dealing with imperialism and colonialism, but leads us to a critique of humanity as a whole. The biggest issue that Conrad shows in this book, is his philosophy of the dark nature of man. This paper will explore the evidence for the nature of man theory and then look at the proposed solution subtlety given by Conrad.