skinenr's theory of operant conditioning

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Burrhus Frederic Skinner was 18th century American psychologist and the founder of operant conditioning in learning. He believed that external force such as environment can affect an individual’s behavior. According to his theory, one must look at the reinforcement and the consequence in order to understand why organism’s behaved in certain ways. Skinner showed how rat can be used in operant conditioning in his laboratory.
Operant conditioning is a process of reinforcing a response that is made by the stimulus and consequence; thus, it shapes an individual's behavior. If a response happens to go along with the stimulus, then this response is reinforced. Therefore, it will increase the chance that response would be reinforced in the future when the same stimulus is presence. Consequence can be broken down into punishment or reinforcement. A punishment would reduce the undesirable action; while reinforcement increases the desirable action. Positive reinforcement involves with a stimulus such as a reward or treats for good behavior. While, negative reinforcement is eliminated the negative stimulus after the desired response is shown. Positive punishment is when a positive stimulus is introduced after an undesirable behavior. Misbehavior children confined in the house would decrease unfavorable behavior.
Reinforcement, punishment, and extinction are three important concepts in Skinner’s theory. Primary reinforcement is the human's basic needs in order to survive. This is a natural and biological instinct in which forces us to search for these demands such as water, oxygen, food, and shelter. On the other hand, secondary reinforcement must be paired with primary reinforcement in order to occur. Therefore, a secondary reinforce is crea...

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...I can strongly relate his concept because it applies to us internally, rather than just animals alone. Thus, I feel closer to his concept more than other theories. For example, positive reinforcement is a psychology key word that means to input a factor that would increase behavior of an individual, but not many people understand what exactly does that mean. This would be the right time to point out a practical real life situation that best fit an example of positive reinforcement. Whereas the Pavlov's concept of respondent conditioning is still much more difficulty to comprehend, when the concept does not apply internally to you, then it would be harder to grasp the idea. Dog's owner may be interested in respondent conditioning since they love dog in generally; however, if you cannot apply the concept to yourself, it would harder to see the big picture of reality.
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