The distance learning mode trough media to farmers is essential. ICT can acts as linkages between the research and the extension sub systems. The ICT in extension can lead to the emergence of knowledge, technology generation, refinement and transfer. The success of Green revolution in India indicates that giving rural communities access to knowledge, technology in the Agriculture. The first step toward bringing a knowledge revolution in India’s 6, 00,000 villages was initiated by National Virtual Academy for food security and Rural Prosperity (NVA) on 23 August 2003 to bring scientific knowledge to villages.
Although farmers might forecast the price from the previous days, they cannot know the real price in advance before they reach the mandi. In this way, they have to incur considerable amount of logistic costs. Without real-time information about price and demand, farmers cannot make effective decision about when/where/how much to sell or produce. Since the selling price is not discovered before reaching the mandi, the farmers earn low profits or are even in deficit, leaving them in... ... middle of paper ... ...uence their farming practices through eChoupal’s information website. Since they have the physical networks set up through wide areas, ITC may want to apply the concept of eChoupal to some other products as well in order to exploit the economies of scope.
In the 1884 colonial period formally started when most local economies depended almost entirely on the cultivation of staple crops as the basis of their livelihood. The crops included sweet potato, taro, yams and sago and these were supplemented with bananas, sugarcane etc. The shift to cultivation appears to have become the dominant means of acquiring food by 1880s . But then, unlike many countries in Asia- Pacific region, Papua New Guinea did not change its food habit appreciably with the passing time. With the progress of development of human society, the new generation Papua New Guineans are showing ostensible preference for grain crop ‘rice’ as the staple food.
Studies and practical field experience show that farmers do not often use the proper dose due to lack of appropriate knowledge and other reasons, which in turn leads to increased production costs as well as harm to human health and the environment. One ICT-based solution to this problem is found in the e-Krishok program in Bangladesh. The Fertilizer Recommendation Solution (FRS) is an online tool that guides farmers to know the right dose and type of fertilizer to be used for a specific location and crop. Farmers can also receive a printout of their diagnostics at a local telecenter or information
INTRODUCTION Agricultural farming is a process of farming in which farmer choose a particular type of farming practices, which can be broadly classified into subsistence and commercial farming. The type of agricultural practice chosen by an individual however depend not only the geographical location which is a function of the culture, education, technology and income of the people. The majority of small scale farmers in Maqadini area, they are facing the poverty, because according to international encyclopedia of economics defined “poverty as a condition faced by families and individuals that fail to receive sufficient income to provide for their basic needs”, in other words, a condition of material deprivation (Petty, J, Morison, R.E., and Hinc,R.2003). The one may say that this rural area is facing a big problem because of the limitation of social services and infrastructure, which can be related to poverty. In Maqadini local food is produced by the small scale farmers cultivating small plots of land depending on rainfall rather irrigation system and usually season take some time to rain.
Farm Subsidies I believe that farm subsidies should only continue to be provided by the government if modified to target smaller, local, family farms as opposed to large-scale farms. However they should slowly decrease in the amount of dollars spent going towards agricultural production, thus allowing a smaller segment of tax dollars to go towards these small farms. The subsidies should be pulled form large farms gradually over a set number of years. Farm subsidies allow many farms to stay in business however they cause problems for many that are not in the farming business. By still providing them in moderation and gradually decreasing them, farmers will be given the chance to find other means of income.
The average field for one farmer is very small and the production of the rice is highly mechanized. The steep decline in hectares of rice grown is because the number of Japanese farm households has declined dramatically in recent years. Some farmers in Japan even consider rice farming to be a part time job and not as important as other commodities. The decline is also from a change in the Staple Food Control Act in 1969. The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries asked farmers to reduce their rice acreage because of the overproduction of rice.
He sees that with the current circumstances of industrialization and population largely consuming the limited resources including land being used for trade production, neither organic nor conventional agricultural systems can feed the world. In his opinion, we can feed the world if we: - Write off the third world depts. - Stop subsidizing crops (e.g. tobacco). - Create favorable fiscal environment.
Cocoa is grown primarily by small scale farmers mainly in tropical cropping systems. Rice is a very important crop grown by small and medium scale farmers. (1) Most of this nation’s bananas, cacao, coffee and sugar cane are raised on plantations in the coastal lowlands. Oranges and rice are also grown in the coastal lowlands. Ecuador is the world’s leading producer of balsa wood which grows in the coastal lowlands.
The Arizona Learning Organization as a program has adopted the mission statement of: The duty and responsibility to pass on agriculture education, so that others may be empowered to carry on and shoulder that knowledge until they are ready to teach their kills to a diverse workforce in the community of Yuma; which has the primary focus of educating community members about agricultural programs as an investment for the community (The Arizona Learning Organization, 2013). The community must understand that “Agriculture is also at the center of the debate about genetically altered food, trade, and globalization. Developing more sustainable agricultural systems will be required to reduce the impact of agriculture on the environment…” (Robbins & Sage, 2007, p.13). Only through a policy of investing funds into the Learning Organization can the community be educated through outreach programs. This is a public relations campaign it is directed towards the attitudes of small community members; the purpose is to inform high school students about the importance of agriculture education.