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Human Rights By John Tasioulas

analytical Essay
1991 words
1991 words
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John Tasioulas introduces the idea that human rights are explained by the morals that humans possess through understanding of human dignity. He explains that are three connections that human dignity has to human rights. The first connection presented is that human dignity and rights are rarely distinguished between due to having virtually the same standards in regards to them. The second that dignity is a starting point in moral grounds that human rights build off of. And last, that the idea that human rights are justified by dignity, saying dignity is the ideal basis for human rights. Tasioulas chooses to focus on the last point, that it is our morals that bring about human rights and that our morals come from humans having dignity. The key thing being that human dignity is something that all possess by simply being human beings there is no merit in achievement or by what legislation or social position can give us. The issue of explaining human rights comes from the political conceptions of human rights. The political stance is …show more content…

In this essay, the author

  • Analyzes how tasioulas introduces the idea that human rights are explained by the morals that humans possess through understanding of human dignity.
  • Explains that tasioulas gives us alternatives for human rights justification other than dignity.
  • Explains that the idea that love can justify human rights is rooted in the religious thought that god loves all humans.
  • Explains the idea behind human interests playing a role in human rights is that certain interests improve overall quality and standard of lives.
  • Explains that tasioulas believes that two things that will help explain the criteria for rights lies in possibility and burden.
  • Analyzes nagal's interpretation that human rights are based only on moral status and not through interests. tasioulas refutes the idea of personhood.
  • Explains tasioulas' stance that dignity does indeed have its place in human rights, and a good model in today's world is seen through universal interest explaining the fundamentals of rights.
  • Analyzes thomas hill's in defense of human dignity: comments on kant and rosen in their beliefs of human dignity.
  • Analyzes how hill begins his review of rosen by addressing the idea that dignity is a neglected topic among today's philosophers.
  • Analyzes rosen's view that moral philosophers need to identify which thoughts are going off of when writing about dignity, and how they are related to each other. hill responds to this by connecting kant’s thoughts.
  • Analyzes how kant introduced dignity as an intrinsic value, one that is both essential and naturally present. rosen believes that one should act dignified in regards to one's class.
  • Analyzes how kant's work is not used in attempts to explain positions regarding dignity in courts of law due to the abstract idea of the metaphysical nature of dignity.
  • Analyzes rosen's begrudging opinion on understanding kant’s “transcendental kernel” as an acceptance of dignity that stems from rational morality.
  • Analyzes how hill concludes that kant had more focus on the moral grounds of dignity than the metaphysics. rosen is unhelpful by putting too much emphasis.

Tasioulas believes that two things that will help explain the criteria for rights lies in possibility and burden. This saying that it is understood that there are cases that interest cannot fulfill duty for many reasons, but it needs to be met at times to let human interests further contribute to human rights. If it is possible to meet the duties needed next you must consider the burden it places on the bearer and on the society as a whole. Tasioulas concludes, “if it can be successfully executed, the interest-based account of human rights promises to make sense of the phenomenon that eluded Wolterstorff: the status of the right-holder as the ultimate source of the moral claim embodied in his rights.” All this to say that there are foundations to human

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