How will I apply public health anthropology in practice?

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"Anthropology examines diverse aspects of human social life, its processes and causes and the interrelations of with other disciplines such as human biology, ecology, economics, politics and religion". As a subfield, medical anthropology emphasizes on the interrelationships of society, culture and biology and is the anthropological field most central to public health (Hahn, 2009). Public health anthropology has developed substantially with growing interest during past 20 years. It studies what culture causes consequences of health events among population and it is beyond biological aspects of health (Sax, 2014). One of the essential components is health seeking behaviour which is what people do when they get sick, for instances, going to clinics or quacks, treating at home with remedy, or with diet, or doing exercise, etc. Those practices are not universal and they depend on economic, gender, age, and many other socio-cultural factors. There is a tacit separation between ‘science’ and ‘culture’. Scientific knowledge has been influenced by complex social processes. Public health anthropology embraces a ‘factorial’ model of disease in which social and cultural factors are included. It is important to document and understand the changing distribution of diseases within and between populations. Appropriate and effective public health interventions cannot be formulated without incorporating the biological and social sciences (Parker and Harper, 2006). Culture consists not only of ideas and beliefs, but also the practices. Cultural diversities are widely ranged from different languages, religion, dress, kinship system to the varied level of knowledge, perceptions and practices regarding illness. "Health Belief Model" explains... ... middle of paper ... ...dbirth once she think her in safe condition. The long established role of TBA in community and other local beliefs and norms also hamper delivery at health centers. At this point, what I believe would work is that we should engage all the self explanatory models of public health workers, clinicians and local community, and then sort out the most effective interventions for safe delivery among rural mothers. To conclude, it is irrefutable that natural science are nowadays more valued and more funded but are working in very inefficient way to improve health. It is less conscious that the biggest gain in health is from primary prevention which is again interrelated with both public health and anthropology. Therefore, future public health interventions must be formulated and comprehended by communicating through concepts of disease in different cultural settings.

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