This essay which will identify the five approaches with health promotion. It will focus on two approaches for the sake of this essay. These approaches will be defined and show how it could be used to tackle a life style behaviour using the Beattie’s model. The Beattie’s model is one of the several models health promoters use as a guide to direct the intervention mode and strategy which is suitable for any particular problem. This model will be used to identify the location of each of the two approaches, highlighting role of the health promoter in each approach, as well as discuss policies and ethical issues which are associated with each approach.
Medical anthropology addresses the symbolic, narrative, and ethical dimension of healing, medicine and medical technology in many different ways. One way they address these dimensions is by exploring how local and international communities view wellness, illness, disease and healing through different perspectives. Their goal is to examine how communities are able to function individually as well as look for themes within the structure and systems of different communities between various cultures. Anthropologists spend a lot of time exploring and discussing the theme of treatment within various communities. The traditional model to exploring this treatment is to look towards the biomedical system, which “employ different explanatory models and idioms to make sense of disease and give meaning to the individual and social experience of illness” (Kleinman 1973: 86), and often leaves out the social, economical and cultural factors that influence the concept of treatment.
Health care social work is the method used to connect the client and the medical team. Health care social work allows professionals to work in a variety of settings and function in many different roles (Browne p20). It also bridges the gap between the health care social worker, the medical team and the client. This collaboration of abilities allows the team to address the needs of the client. Health care social work focuses on the well-being of the individual.
Cultural anthropology is related to the subject of my current study about how geographic location, ethnic origin, or race impacts the importance of healthcare. Also, currently I am enrolled in the Bioscience and Medicine Academy at Francis Tuttle. This program has not only maintained my interest for science and health, but also intensified it. At this academy I take Project Lead the Way classes; these classes allow us to recognize the connection between science, health and real world issues. For example, I am currently enrolled in Biomedical Innovations.
`Culture' extends to issues of power, control, resistance and defiance as well, and anthropology seeks to understand the links between social stratification (gender, ethnicity, social class), access to material and immaterial goods (food, water, health services, education), illness representations, cultural constructions of femininity and masculinity, attitudes to health promotion, and health behavior. Anthropologists as brokers, collaborators and policy advisors. The Poltorak (2016), study provides an ethnographic account of the collaboration between medical doctors, brokers and traditional healers, while Dr Puloka’s use of medical anthropological and transcultural psychiatry research informed a community-engaged brokerage between the implications of
233). She studied anthropology and applied the research findings in nursing. Later, she developed the theory of “culture care diversity and universality” from her personal experience as a nurse and other factors that influenced such as ethnic conflicts, commuting, and technology changes. It is illustrated and described by the Sunrise four-level model, and it is labeled as “an enabler” (Masters, 2014, p. 69). The first level represents a “worldview”, the second level presents “knowledge concerning individuals and groups”, the third level includes “specific features of care in the system”, and the fourth level is “specific nursing care” (Masters, 2014, p. 69; Jarošová, 2014, p. 47).
"Anthropology examines diverse aspects of human social life, its processes and causes and the interrelations of with other disciplines such as human biology, ecology, economics, politics and religion". As a subfield, medical anthropology emphasizes on the interrelationships of society, culture and biology and is the anthropological field most central to public health (Hahn, 2009). Public health anthropology has developed substantially with growing interest during past 20 years. It studies what culture causes consequences of health events among population and it is beyond biological aspects of health (Sax, 2014). One of the essential components is health seeking behaviour which is what people do when they get sick, for instances, going to clinics or quacks, treating at home with remedy, or with diet, or doing exercise, etc.
It aims to promote the health promotion, to reach the general public to take care of their own health, prior they become patients. The Patient- centered care is a level of quality being attai... ... middle of paper ... ...e health system. Both the patient and the people centered care share several core values and guiding principles that are very similar to each other. According to the World Health Organization the basic values and principles are outlined as follows:- • Having and giving respect to both the human rights and dignity to both the patients using the service, and the health care professionals that are giving out and distributing the health care service. The central role in the health process will aid in the development of the economic growth towards the health sector.
Medical anthropology is the study of health and the understanding of health across all cultures. There are many different ways that health is understood world wide and medical anthropologist uses the four areas of study of anthropology to help them understand the different explanations of health. Medical anthropologist looked at health through four different theoretical frameworks; medical ecological, ethnomedical, applied, (McElroy 1996) and critical. Medical ecological looked at the biocultural of an individual and explain how the evolutionary adaptations affect the understanding of health. The ethnomedical theoretical framework looked at how culture is use to explain health and their understanding of the origin of health.
My philosophy of nursing integrates the importance of knowledge base practice of medicine, combined with addressing holistic needs of the patient and family, including the physical, psychological, cognitive, emotional, spiritual and social care (Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network, 2010). Additionally, a vital aspect of nursing is effective interpersonal relationships with other healthcare professionals to promote quality patient care. Moreover, my philosophy includes the importance the client-nurse relationship to aid in health promotion to prevent illness and increase the level of health of clients. Factors Influencing the Development of Personal Philosophy My philosophy is based on my personal values and beliefs as it relates to the body of work in nursing. The practice of nursing not only involves applying knowledge but the ability to differentiate the needs of the client and being empathetic to their needs.