There are numerous cultures who share different beliefs in the treatment and education of health in comparison to common western society. These attitudes towards medical care are quite significant because “a lack of attention to cultural issues affects health care and its outcomes” (). Cultural competency is imperative as a health professional. It is about going beyond sensitivity towards a patient’s cultural beliefs, therefore achieving appropriate health strategies that will eliminate barriers between yourself and the patient. Effective treatment can be accomplished by showing an amount of tolerance and understanding towards culture and family beliefs.
The ontology and epistemology of the researcher influences the design of tools for health education. However, it is imperative that the researcher is aware of, one’s own culture, values, assumptions and beliefs (7), and recognizes how these inherent biases/prejudices may influence the design of health education tools. The researcher must be mindful of the target population’s ontology and way of learning so as to ensure that the tool provides learning and information in the manner familiar and comfortable to the recipients as this will increase learning and produce sustainable change. Most importantly, the underlining theory that guides the design of the tool must be commensurate with Indigenous epistemology. For example, in my research, my social constructivism stance accepts that what is real may vary between groups of individuals.
Culture helps shape an individual’s health related beliefs, values, and behaviors. It is more than ethnicity and race; culture involves economic, political, religious, psychological, and biological aspects (Kleinman & Benson, 2006). All of these conditions take on an emotional tone and moral meaning for participants (Kleinman & Benson, 2006). As a health professional, it is one’s duty to have adequate knowledge and awareness of various cultures to effectively promote health behavior change. Cultural and linguistic competencies through cultural humility are two important aspects of working in the field of public health.
First is the partnership and this means working with Maori communities at times within the levels to develop strategies for the community’s health care? Second is the participation, which is involving Maori at all levels of the planning and delivery of the healthcare services, and third is protection which is working to ensure that Maori have at least the same level of health as non-Maori and safeguarding Maori cultural concepts, values, and practices. It is expected that improved integration of cultural and clinical competence should lead to better outcomes through improvements in communication, acceptability of treatment and adherence to treatment plans. As a health professionals we need to respect Maori culture to avoid communication breakdowns. Having good communication will improve the health status of Maori by reducing the health care inequality.
Primary Health Care (PHC) and Health Promotion are important for a quality health care system to allow equity, social justice and empowerment. To explore Primary Health Care and Health Promotion and its value within the health care system, one must first distinguish what health is. There are many varying opinions of health depending on personal context, although the most commonly referred to definition is from the World Health Organisation (WHO), which defines health as “a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (World Health Organisation, 1948). Primary Health Care is a multidimensional concept that can involve both philosophy and in practice. The philosophy of primary health care is derived from the 1978 Declaration Alma-Ata which states that primary health care incorporates curative treatment by the initial health professional, together with health promotion, education to prevent further issues and rehabilitation services provided by a collaboration of multiple health professionals in interdisciplinary teams (Australian Medical Association, 2010).
This essay will discuss different ethnic group belief systems and it will mention some ways of avoiding miscommunication between the healthcare provider and the patient. First principle in patient care within different cultures is to treat your patient with the up-most respect. Understanding a cultures core values will help the health care provider to interact with their patient. Cultural core values are different depending what is socially acceptable in that culture. An example of core values would be activity, hard work, personal achievement, success, Individualism, efficiency, practicality, affluence, consumerism, material comfort, competition, openness, directness, and being well informed.
As we are living in this culturally diverse society it is of extreme importance that healthcare providers deliver appropriate services that are fair, culturally sensitive and are respective of the individual’s culture. This can only truly occur when health care providers understand individual cultures and the needs, values and beliefs of the individuals within
“Trust and a personal relationships would naturally build between the patient and the healer.”(p77). This must have ... ... middle of paper ... ...be effective for them. The healing practices persisted because they satisfied the needs of the Aboriginal people and because they trusted and understood the healing rituals and practices along with the individuals involved. Isn’t it best to trust what you know? The nature of traditional medicine and its intimate relationship with Aboriginal culture explains the inadequacy of Western medicine as the primary model of health care for the Aboriginal community.
I am able to consult a more qualified resource person when working with culturally different clients and represent a non-racist identity as a counselor. I am aware of my cultural beliefs regarding health, causes of diseases and purpose of life. Accordingly, I am aware of how different cultural groups perceive dietary habits, family roles, high-risk behaviors and spiritual beliefs regarding nursing care and thus I am capable of discussing with the client on such beliefs and values before counseling (Andrews & Boyle,
Subtopics on the models of health and the transcultural theories protruded by the study are covered by this analysis. For a better understanding of what this analysis is all about, culture has been defined by Collins, W. (1990, p187), as an aspect in a particular society that consists of ideas, customs and art that are produced by such a society. The applications of the models of health and the transcultural theories and their rationale have also been covered in this analysis. Culture clash and indigenous dispossession at the time of colonization: To give us a better understanding of the word “indigenous” Collins, W. (1990, p401) defined indigenous as the originality of a country in which it is found, rather than having come from another country. It is hard to talk about culture clash without looking at the historic aspect of indigenous culture and how they were stripped off their rights and dispossessed of their society.