Psychology researchers have conducted many case studies and have spent countless hours reviewing case studies that have already been done to try to find the answer to the question, does childhood trauma cause and effect the symptoms of patients with psychological disorders such as Schizophrenia and Psychosis, or can the trauma cause a patient to have Schizophrenia or Psychosis. Many case studies’ findings state that there is a link. Some studies say only certain symptoms are affected. I want to know what symptoms are affected and what kind of childhood trauma could have possibly affected the symptoms of patients who have been diagnosed with Schizophrenia and Psychosis, or if the childhood trauma could have caused a patient‘s mental illness. Dictionary.com defines Schizophrenia as “a severe mental disorder characterized by some, but not necessarily all, of the following features: emotional blunting, intellectual deterioration, social isolation, disorganized speech and behavior, delusions, and hallucinations.” (“Schizophrenia“). Psychosis is defined in Dictionary.com as “a mental disorder characterized by symptoms, such as delusions or hallucinations, that indicate impaired contact with reality” (“Psychosis“) By writing this paper, I hope to help caregivers and doctors who work with psychologically distressed patients, along with family members who live with a patient who has Schizophrenia or Psychosis . By finding what symptoms are heightened, doctors can better treat their patients’ symptoms to help lessen, or eventually cure, the symptom caused by a patient’s childhood trauma. . Caregivers can better understand how to care for their psychologically disordered patients depending on each of the individual patient’s history... ... middle of paper ... ...n Health and Disease: The Hidden Epidemic. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010. eBook Collection (EBSCOhost). Web. 19 Feb 2012. Lysaker, Paul H., et al. "Reported History of Child Sexual Abuse in Schizophrenia: Associations With Heightened Symptom Levels and Poorer Participation Over Four Months in Vocational Rehabilitation." Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 193(12): 790-795. PsycINFO. Web. 18 Feb. 2012. "Psychosis." Dictionary.com. N.p., 2012. Web. 18 Mar. 2012. . "Schizophrenia." Dictionary.com. N.p., 2012. Web. 18 Mar. 2012. . Shevlin, Mark, Martin J. Dorahy, and Adamson, Gary. "Trauma and Psychosis: An Analysis of the National Comorbidity Survey." American Journal of Psychiatry 164 (Jan. 2007): 166-169. PsychiatryOnline. Web. 28 Feb. 2012.
“Update on Family Psychoeducation for Schizophrenia” was published in the March 2000 issue of the Schizophrenia Bulletin by Oxford Journals. Schizophrenia Bulletin is written for medical academics specialising in the field of Schizophrenia and assumes a background understanding of the field. However it is aimed at “the widest possible audience” (Oxford Journals, para 2, 2012) and thus seeks readership of those involved in the field, in a less medical nature also.
Families with a member suffering from any illness may be stressful enough but families with members diagnosed with schizophrenia are often faced with additional challenges such as the “external stressors of social stigma, isolation, and emotional frustration”. Many times, family conflicts arise as members attempt to provide care on an everyday basis (Chien, 2010, pg. xi). “A Beautiful Mind” is a brilliant motion picture directed by Ron Howard that chronicles the life of one John Nash, a prominent mathematician and the challenges he endures throughout his adult life afflicted with a chronic mental illness. “A Beautiful Mind” allows us to gain insight into the stressors that many families undergo when faced with living with a person with schizophrenia. This paper will explore the impact of schizophrenia on the lives of the Nash family as depicted in the aforementioned movie. Exploring the impact of the disease on the Nash family’s life will be followed with a discussion regarding an assessment conducted of the family, through the use of the Calgary Family Assessment model. Conducting the assessment allowed us to determine two nursing priorities, and nursing interventions in relation to them through the use of the Calgary intervention model. Essentially it becomes evident that the challenges faced by the Nash family are in the functional domain. The families inability to effectively communicate and problem solve becomes evident, which is negatively impacting the families ability to function effectively. Our nursing interventions guided by the Calgary Nursing Intervention Model will focus on providing the Nash family with the support needed to bring about change in the affective domain in foster effective communication with the famil...
There is a worldwide presumption of the negative implications that are associated with schizophrenia for both the sufferers and the general community they are in. The myth that is particularly prominent in modern day society, despite an increase in education over the years, is that people diagnosed with schizophrenia are dangerous and unpredictable. This stigma has been proved through many studies conducted in different countries and cultures and the perception of schizophrenic patients is at a disadvantage to the way media portrays it in fiction and real-life events. In addition to this, presumption of the dangers of schizophrenia can create a powerful culture of fear that makes a powerful platform for the stigma to be built on. These assumptions about schizophrenia can and will adversely affect those suffering from the disorder and their families indefinitely unless there is a more rigorous education afforded to the public.
Schizophrenia is defined as a severe disabling mental illness. A person with this illness may be completely out of touch with what is going on around them. For example, the individual suffering from Schizophrenia may hear voices, see people who are not there (ghost in other words), and or feel bugs crawling on their skin when in actuality there are now. They may also have disorganized speech and behavior, physically rigid, emotionless, and delusions. The type of delusions where they believe that people are reading their minds, have control over their thoughts, and or plotting to hurt them. They have difficulty holding jobs and taking care of themselves.
Schizophrenia is affecting people more now than a few decades ago. This illness is across the US and is present in every culture. People are now aware and understand how the illness can be devastating to one’s life. Schizophrenia is a mental disorder of the brain but it is highly treatable. In the US the total amount of people affected with the illness is about 2.2 % of the adult population. The average number of people affected per 1000 total population is 7.2 % per 1000, which means a city that is consists of 3 million people will have approxiamately 21,000 people suffering from schizophrenia. People with mental illness should seek early treatment to be stabilized with medications. During a 10 year period 25% of schizophrenics completely recovered, and another 25% much improved and become independent, while 15% were hospitalized and unimproved, and 10% die due to suicide. Since most schizophrenics recover from the illness and lives independently, some are not so fortunate. Where are some of the people with schizophrenia? Its about 6% are homeless and lives in shelters, another 6% lives in jails or prisons and 5 to 6% lives in hospitals, while 25% lives with family members, 28% are living independently and 20% lives in supervised housing or group homes. The aim of this research paper is t o discover and explore how schizophrenics lives on a daily bases with mental illness and how the effects can be devastating to themselves and family members. According to researchers, schizophrenia can be cured through extensive treatment, family support, medications and constant psychiatric evaluations. My findings also have proven the researchers to be accurate on their analysis. The results are overwhelming for schizophrenia patients ...
People with a first-episode psychosis (FEP) or who have a diagnosed primary psychotic disorder can experience highly disturbing symptoms that will leave them feeling very distressed. Disruption of social networks and difficulties with work or educational achievement are only a few items on a long list of challenges faced by people who have a mental illness. This can be devastating. There is a high burden associated with psychotic disorders and individuals’ functioning can be greatly impaired (Carrión, McLaughlin, Goldberg, & et al, 2013). Evidence has shown that early interventions are key in the rehabilitation of people who have experienced a FEP and that early interventions promote quality of life and social functioning (Carrión et al., 2013; Wisdom, Manuel, & Drake, 2011). However, many of those programs lack an education support component and this widens the gap in the continuity of care for young adults with a mental illness. In this paper, I will explore the issue of education goals in young adults who have a mental illness and I will present the case of a patient who presented to the hospital with a FEP and who expressed an interest in
Shevlin, M., Houston, J. E., Dorahy, M. J., & Adamson, G. (2007). Cumulative Traumas and Psychosis: an Analysis of the National Comorbidity Survey and the British Psychiatric Morbidity Survey. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 34(1), 193-199. doi:10.1093/schbul/sbm069
Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, disabling, brain disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels and acts. Someone with schizophrenia may have difficulties distinguishing between what is real and what is imaginary, be unresponsive or withdrawn, and may have difficulty expressing normal emotions in social situations.
They used face to face interviewing to assess their participants on items such as psychopathology, substance use, functioning, quality of life, employment, and childhood adversity, specifically looking at sexual, physical, and emotional abuse, as well as neglect. The findings showed that there was a significantly high number of participants who reported being abused as a child before the onset of their illness. Nearly one third of people who have been diagnosed with a psychotic illness, reported child abuse (Prevalence). Reporting on the question about social functioning, it was found that men who experience childhood maltreatment were more likely to be homeless, while women were less likely to have completed their final year of education, and both were more likely to attempt suicide (prevalence). Overall, this study was able to correspond with previous studies done and prove that those diagnosed with a psychotic illness experience a higher severity of certain symptoms and risks if they have a history of childhood
Psychological trauma has a long history dating back to Homer the "first teacher", of tragedy. As an etiological factor in mental disorders” ,“trauma....”was first reported by Janet in the 19th century (van der Kolk, 2004) doducmenting that a person stored traumatic memories differently to ordinary memories.
Children experience decreased development in the left brain when traumatic events occur (Network, n.d.). Imagine being a child and growing up with these types of events occurring. A traumatic event in a child’s life can cause a child to experience a long lasting negative effect. Life events are happening everywhere and more often in the lives of children (Understanding Child Traumatic Stress, n.d.). Trauma can cause them to do three things. First, they try to see what the danger is and how serious it is. Secondly there are strong emotional and physical reactions. Thirdly they attempt to come up with what to do that can help them with the danger. Traumatic events can cause a child to develop differently, which effects the young child stage,
Schizophrenia is a mental illness with psychotic symptoms involving delusions, withdrawal from reality, hallucinations, and character disturbances in both form of thought and affect. A person with schizophrenia may be anxious with others, and may be fearful of everyone around them. Schizophrenia is confused a lot of the time with multiple personality disorder. They are two different disorders, with different symptoms. Schizophrenia disorder is the most disabling and chronic of the mental disorders. It’s associated with abnormalities of the brain function and structure, which causes behavior issues and disorganized speech. Schizophrenia is considered a psychosis or a psychotic disorder. Most people with schizophrenia are not violent and if they