Every country knew that German and Russians did not like each other, but they were surprised when the two countries signed the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. At the period of time, the pact was signed, the Wehrmacht was preparing for the war so the Western Country knew that the war was approaching. After the war began, Hitler desired to strike against Russia so he will become one of the greatest in the world. With his politics of Lebensraum, on June 22, 1941, he ordered the Wehrmacht to attack
Germany attacked from the West, and the Soviets assaulted from the East. This invasion triggered WWII, but the Nazis and Germans did not fight each other at first. This was due to the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact; the secret pact also meant that in the event of war, the two countries would not attack each other. Later into WWII, Hitler realized that the Soviet... ... middle of paper ... ... of his army into Operation Barbarossa in hopes of gaining resources of land, but instead lost a huge chunk of his army and morale. Over the course of this invasion, there were over 800,000 German casualties, over 4,000,000 Soviet casualties, and over 20,000,000 soviet civilians died from the invasion.
After the defeat in england hitler decided to turn his focus on what he really was after the whole time during the war, russia. Russia is in the sights of hitler because of its massive land mass it has and the resources that lie underneath. However the fight won 't be as easy as hitler thinks. The russians are well prepared and have been invaded countless times before in history. Hitler 's army reaches stalingrad and is closing in on russia capital moscow.
The deceptive strategy by the Soviets would work perfectly on the German force. For example, Stalin let Hitler’s force into Russia but for the better of the Allied union. He knew that Hitler’s army would suffer and die from the extensive cold and lack of nourishment in Russia. He would then play an offensive move by counter-attacking and pushing all the way back into Germany. The devious tactics played by the allied force surely was a significant lesson learned from the raid, which in the end made Hitler surrender to its “Fortress Europe.”
Hitler had underestimated the length of the war (Source 4) and this meant that the German soldiers were forced fight through the harsh Soviet winter. Hitler wanted his forces to invade Stalingrad as he knew the political advantage he would gain if he controlled the city named after Stalin (Source 5). The battle of Stalingrad is seen as the turning point in the Second World War. During the battle of Stalingrad the German forces sustained many loses from which they never recovered despite previous victories in Leningrad and Kiev. During the battle at Stalingrad the German soldiers lacked the supplies needed for a war in winter.
The Soviet's offensive into Germany had only two goals. First, the Soviets began the offensive on a large front and moved quickly to meet the Western Allies because they did not think the Western Allies would just hand over territory that they occupied in Germany. In addition, the Soviet's most important objective was to capture Berlin. Beginning on April 16th, Soviet Union soldiers invaded the Seelow Heights in Germany. The Soviets stood their ground; however around 30,000 soldiers were killed during this attack.
From the initial plans of Operation Barbarossa to Hitler's suicide, the Battle of Stalingrad played a key role in flipping the switch against the Germans. Hitlers over-aggressive battle strategy and his excessive pride caused him to lose sight of the capabilities of his armies. At Stalingrad, he lost what was most vital to continue his takeover; drive. His soldiers lost their will to fight and eventually, the Germans lost their ability to trust Hitler. The Battle at Stalingrad was the main catalyst behind a dramatic series of events that turned what was the greatest power in the world into a crumbling empire and eventually, nothing.
The realistic option, which was supported by the best German field commanders and many soldiers, was to compensate for the large Russian numerical advantage by fully utilizing the superiority of the German commander and soldiers in tactics, command and fighting, by a strategy of dynamic mobile defense that would cause great losses to the Russians in a series of local clashes. This would delay the Russians and was a realistic goal as it was easily achievable. However, Adolf Hitler wanted to follow the enthusiast-optimistic option of having a major decisive battle against a large portion of the Russian armour in order to destroy them. He thought that the best suited place for such a battle was the Kursk salient, where the Russians had already established battle grounds. In fact, aerial photos taken by German airplanes clearly revealed that the Russians had already built dense and deep fortifications at the Kursk salient in order to counter an attack.
Stalin did not want to risk war, though he hoped to profit from the German-British struggle if he could. In the event, the shock of attack almost unhinged the Soviet state, and by the autumn German forces had destroyed most of the Red Army and the Russian air force, surrounded and besieged Leningrad - where over one million people died of starvation and cold - and were approaching the outskirts of Moscow. The Red Army had sufficient reserves to stop the German army from completing the rout in December 1941, but the following summer German offensives launched far to the south of Moscow, to seize the rich oilfields of the Caucasus and to cut the Volga shipping route, created further chaos. Hitler hoped that German forces would capture the oil and sweep on through the Middle East to meet up with Axis forces in Egypt. The Volga was to be blocked at Stalingrad, after which German forces could wheel northwards to outflank Moscow and the Soviet line.
On 22 June 1941, Hitler broke the Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Act with the Stalin when he put Operation Barbarossa into action. The assault was met with failure in 1941 when German’s army was exhausted in term of equipments and troops. Although Hitler’s miscalculation and confidence play an important role in its failure, the tough terrains, advanced equipment and Soviet’s strong will to fight also played a role in German’s defeat in Operation Barbarossa. When Hitler failed to occupy the British Isles in November of 1940, he became impatient and started to make plan for an invasion of the Soviet. He believed that Soviet’s defeat will allow Japan to focus its force against America, diverting Washington’s attentions to Pacific.