The many statue and sculptures of the gods nearly match the beauty of the temples. The bronze statue of Athena inside of the Propylaea is one of the largest and most famous of the statues in the Acropolis. All of the sculptures have a meaning. This could either be a portrayal of a god or goddess or of moments in Greek history. CONCLUSION The Acropolis in Athens is the site of one of the greatest architectural achievements in the history of mankind.
The White House, The Capitol Building, The Lincoln Memorial, all these things have been affected by ancient Roman architecture. This ancient Roman architecture came to be around the time period of the Pax Romana in the Roman Empire. It was a time of great wealth and prosperity for the empire which brought it into a time of a sort of golden age for architecture. This type of architecture was influenced by the ancient Greeks, but it took their ideas and transformed them to better advantage their own empire. These ideas and works are still being used today in our society in some of the most influential buildings of our time.
The Greek culture was obviously the most influential out of us three and it will always be.” He then addressed the crowd and started off by mentioning Greek architecture. The Parthenon is the most important symbol of Greece’s cultural image. The temple was created to worship the Greek goddess Athena, which establishes their religious beliefs at the time. Pericles looked at Augustus Caesar and said ,“It’s stylistic conventions have become the standard of Classical architecture, and its style has influenced architecture for many centuries after it was built, including the Pantheon.” Numerous modern day buildings have adapted a Classical style. Even today, the Greeks look back at the building as a unique symbol of Greek cultural power.
Roman Architecture Many centuries before the birth of Christ, the city of Rome grew, prospered, and developed into a thriving Republic. As in most cultures, Rome's buildings became more elaborate and impressive. They developed fantastic building technologies and ideas. The feats of Roman engineers were groundbreaking, and many structures built by this culture still stand today. With knowledge borrowed from the Greeks, Rome made impressive architectural achievements, these were namely major attributes of buildings, colossal structures, and a legacy that would influence later buildings (Cornell and Matthews 11).
Perhaps no other work of art or building so completely speaks of the strength and length of life of the ancient Greek culture than the circa 495–429 B.C Parthenon. The Parthenon has sat, through the ages, in its ancient great brightness at the top of the Athens acropolis since it was built between 447 and 438 B.C.E. Built as a temple to honor Athena, the city's patron goddess, including a bestowing profusely 40-foot ivory and gold statue of the Greek goddess Athena. As a matter of fact, the Parthenon became the greatest Doric Greek Temple, and as a marble, gold, and ivory memorial stone to the goddess and her city, it follows the rules of logic that the ancient Greeks also used the wealth serving as a symbol of Parthenon as a government treasury for their
Then it was completely rebuilt by the emperor Hadrian. The Pantheon is remarkable for its size, its construction, and its design. The dome was the largest built until modern times. The present structure was probably originally built as a temple for all the pagan gods. We do hear of it as being a law-court and a reception area for Emperor Hadrian meeting his quests too.
The people of Greece believed in mythology and believed they were blessed by the deity which inspired the artists’ creation of the spectacular sculptures including Athena Parthenos, the goddess of wisdom. Wisdom during this period was highly regarded. Most of the sculptures in Athens were made of different types of bronze. (See Figure 1.) This is a copy of the sculpture of Athena Parthenos, dressed in battle attire, that was originally created by Phidias during the period of 447-39 B.C.
One of the most impressive engineering accomplishments of Rome was the Pantheon. It is a Roman Temple built by the Emperor Hadrian,who ruled from A.D 118 to A.D 138. (Moulton, 94-95 v.3) and was dedicated to all the gods of Pagan Rome(DuTemple, 6).The Pantheon is dated back to the decade A.D 118 to A.D 128. (Moulton, 94-95 v.3) The wide concrete dome was one of the most remarkable features of the Pantheon. (Moulton, 56 v.1) The interior of the dome in the Pantheon is where the oculus is located, this is where light was emitted, not only did the oculus illuminate the interior, but it also made the Pantheon structurally stronger.
have influenced the architecture of the past two millennia” (Architecture). The Greeks were brilliant in many things, but Rome 's brilliant architectural, organizational and engineering feats that make them stand out among the ancient peoples (10 Cool), advancing
Despite their quite similar looks, Roman and Greek temples have unique differences in material, method, purpose, and others. The Parthenon, with no doubt, is one of the best well-known Greek temples of all times. It is also the dominant temple on the Akropolis. Its construction began in 447 BC and ended in 438 BC; however, it was partly destroyed on September 16, 1687. This massive building measures 13.72 m (45.0 ft.) in height and 69.5 by 30.9 m (228 by 101 ft.) long and was built with white marble.