Prior to the Industrial Revolution, agriculture was where the “common man” spent his working years, but after the I.R began, many went from the fields to the factories. During The Gilded Age (1865-1900) agriculture in the United States took a massive nosedive. The Gilded Age was infamous for government corruption, and this hurt the field of agriculture very much. Things such as changes in agriculture, government policy, and economic conditions changed agriculture in the United States significantly, and farmers had much to say about it. Changes in agriculture played a huge role during this time period. As seen in Document 1, where we are given a chart that shows the prices of wheat, cotton, and corn and also how much was produced during The Gilded Age. When reading this chart, two things stand out: the falling prices of these crops, and the overproduction of them as well, most of this happened because of new technology that was able to produce more than what was needed, and this hurt farmers very …show more content…
In Document G, a speech by Mary Elizabeth Lease, which has her explaining how political parties were lying to farmers, and how they promoted farmers to overproduce, which led to prices falling. This ideology would eventually led to the Populist Party, which was essentially the Farmer’s Party during this The Gilded Age. In Document H, a letter from Susan Orcutt to Lorenzo D. Lewelling, which is stating that the Orcutts were starving. What this was proving was that farming in The Great Plains was very difficult. In Document J, which is a few excerpt from a speech by William Jennings Bryan, a member of the Populist Party, explains how farmers are vital for the survival of cities, and how the Gold Standard was hurting farmers and favoring cities. This is showing that Democrats and Populist party members favored the coinage of silver, while Republicans favored the Gold Standard. Farmers were obviously not happy with these
The period between 1870 and 1900 was a time to change politics. The country was for once free from war and was united as one nation. However, as these decades passed by, the American farmer found it harder to live comfortably. Crops such as cotton and wheat, once the cash crop of agriculture, were selling at prices so low that it was nearly impossible for farmers to make a profit. Improvements in transportation allowed larger competitors to sell more easily and more cheaply, making it harder for American yeoman farmers to sell their crops. Finally, years of drought in the Midwest and the fall of business in the 1890s devastated the farming community. Most notably, the Populist Party arose to fight what farmers saw as the issues affecting the agricultural community. During the last thirty years of the nineteenth century, many farmers in the United States saw railroads and banking enterprises threaten their way of life; their work to fight these elements eventually led to a change in national politics.
After the soaring ideals and tremendous sacrifices of the Civil War, the post-War era of the United States was generally one of political disillusionment. Even as the continent expanded and industrialized, political life in the Gilded Age was marked by ineptitude and stalemate as passive, rather than active, presidents merely served as figureheads to be manipulated rather than enduring strongholds. As politicians from both the White House to the courthouse were deeply entangled in corruption and scandal during the Gilded Age, the actual economic and social issues afflicting urbanizing America festered beneath the surface without being seriously addressed.
Have you ever wondered what it would have been like to live in this world and country during the transition from a rural; agriculture society to an economic nation rise of an industrialized society? Well that is exactly what the people of the Gilded Age experienced. It was a time of a dramatic business and political practice. In order for the business’s to rise there soon became a great amount of separation towards the people and the country. This caused our society to experience a stressful time and made it very difficult for ideas and concepts to equal out. Throughout this specific document there are four sources that were written by different individuals. Each and every source has an explanation and an overview of the times in the Gilded Age.
The farmers created The Farmers Alliance which spread to the cotton states after 1885. The Farmers Alliance greatly stressed cooperation between farmers. By banding together to pay for things they were able to not worry about interest that the bank might charge them, and they knew that if they needed help they would also be able to ask the other farmers. One issue though was that all of the farmers would have to share the same equipment since they all would be owners of it. This could very easily have caused tensions between the farmers if two or more farmers needed the use of something at the same time. Since farmers didn’t want to switch to industrialism they began to lose out. The historian Ray Ginger showed that in 1859 farmers had received about 31 percent of the national income but by 1889 they had only received 16 percent. Ginger also stated that the national wealth in 1860 was 40 percent but then it decreased all the way to 20.5 percent in 1890. Farmers were not at fault for the low prices on their good. They were just trying their best to make some money and do well. It was almost impossible for any farmer to control
The Gilded Age was a time of transition for the citizens of the United States. They experienced great changes not only in economic status but also social change. This age witnessed the growth of many industries, unions, technology and the rise of many big businesses. However, there were some factors caused a great divide amongst Americans. Some of these factors include: the upper class reaping all the benefits that would not be possible without lower class workers, lower class workers demanding better conditions as they were usually underpaid and worked long hours, another factor was also the image of what the Gilded Age was to immigrants versus what the reality of it was. This is shown by John Mitchell in “The Workingman’s Conception of Industrial
Toward the end of the 19th century, the population of cities among the United States rapidly increased due to vast immigration from several countries around the globe and prominent migration from rural areas within America. Cities were seen as the gateway to connectivity and luxury as they proved, in early years, to advance lifestyles and grant citizens with greater opportunities. Although urbanization provided convenience for those seeking jobs, leisure activities, and educational advantages, it posed consequences to the public on issues surrounding poverty, disease, and corruption.
Every country at one point goes through industrialization. This is generally due to a huge growth of population, and the need to mass-produce for the entire society. It is at this time period in which there are massive amounts of job openings with factories erecting. Everyone tends to gain money one way or another. With all the new jobs, people should be well off, though the statistic said otherwise. Problems arose, alongside poverty, with bankruptcy inevitable. While death was on the verge for those working hard, there are the “Captains of Industry”, who were industrialists (business leader), lying back with what seems to be infinite wealth. This era was known as the “Gilded Age” because people where blinded by the means of prospering. This
The gilded age was a time of scandal, poverty and a little progress. Almost all of these improvements were done after issues arose, but it was not until someone important noticed them and made everyone aware of them but also when it affected powerful people such as the government or an enormous amount of people. The gilded age was mostly a time of making up for previous mistakes.
5. Perry, Elisabeth Israels, and Karen Manners Smith. The Gilded Age and Progressive Era: a student companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. Print.
From the expanding of railroads country wide, to limiting laws on the goods farmers sold and transportation of the goods,to starvation of the economy, agriculture began to take its own shape from 1865 through to 1900 in the United States.
The Gilded Age contained rapid social and political transformations in the U.S. With large companies helping foster the growing economy which was at its prime, there was a veneer of crippling poverty along with the implosive number of immigrants. Reform back in the Progressive Era was hard but gradual. The Progressive Era is the age in America's history in which there were social and political reforms to bandage the wounds of the Gilded Age. The prominent division between the middle/upper class and the lower class were shaped through Victorian morality and wealth gap. To fix this issue, many took
To begin with, the Gilded age caused for the extreme growth of the wealth of some people, but others did not benefit at all. The wealthy were able to live a lavish life and even own their own homes in the suburbs, “Many of the moderately well-to-do dwellers took advantage of the less expensive land on the edges of the cities and settled in new suburbs, linked to the downtowns by trains or streetcars.” The poor could barely afford homes, “Most urban residents, however, could not afford either to own a house in the city or to move to the suburbs.” Both groups face different obstacles, the rich were able to live in safer neighborhoods, while the poor were at risk of health issues, “An even greater hazard than fire was disease, especially in poor neighborhoods with inadequate