Gilded Age DBQ

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Prior to the Industrial Revolution, agriculture was where the “common man” spent his working years, but after the I.R began, many went from the fields to the factories. During The Gilded Age (1865-1900) agriculture in the United States took a massive nosedive. The Gilded Age was infamous for government corruption, and this hurt the field of agriculture very much. Things such as changes in agriculture, government policy, and economic conditions changed agriculture in the United States significantly, and farmers had much to say about it. Changes in agriculture played a huge role during this time period. As seen in Document 1, where we are given a chart that shows the prices of wheat, cotton, and corn and also how much was produced during The Gilded Age. When reading this chart, two things stand out: the falling prices of these crops, and the overproduction of them as well, most of this happened because of new technology that was able to produce more than what was needed, and this hurt farmers very …show more content…

In Document G, a speech by Mary Elizabeth Lease, which has her explaining how political parties were lying to farmers, and how they promoted farmers to overproduce, which led to prices falling. This ideology would eventually led to the Populist Party, which was essentially the Farmer’s Party during this The Gilded Age. In Document H, a letter from Susan Orcutt to Lorenzo D. Lewelling, which is stating that the Orcutts were starving. What this was proving was that farming in The Great Plains was very difficult. In Document J, which is a few excerpt from a speech by William Jennings Bryan, a member of the Populist Party, explains how farmers are vital for the survival of cities, and how the Gold Standard was hurting farmers and favoring cities. This is showing that Democrats and Populist party members favored the coinage of silver, while Republicans favored the Gold Standard. Farmers were obviously not happy with these

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